Archaeology


Career Objectives

Know the diversity of human culture through what occurred with ancient civilizations.


Professional Profile

Professional with scientific rigor to explore history and rebuild the past of extinct cultures that have not left written testimony of their existence, through evidence obtained from their material remains; discovering and understanding by means of them, behaviors, social structures, economic and political structures, religious beliefs and cultural phenomena of the past, in order to know the primitive development of human species.

For instance, as of the funeral contexts it is possible to rebuild daily life, the cultural patterns and customs of society.

He has theoretical knowledge, analysis instruments, as well as methodologies and techniques to process and conserve the materials that come from archaeological sites.

-Importance of this discipline in the development of the country.

The knowledge of the past of our society is what allows us to question its current situation and know where it should be projected.


 Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

He searches and selects information in databases, bibliographies, specialized journals and information online.

He consults and compares original or contemporary records of past events such as chronicles, administrative documents, etc, as well as existing archaeological or anthropological remains and objects.

He plans the task in a research project to proceed to ask for funding to different national or international scientific institutions to carry it out.

The stage of archaeological research starts carrying out the prospecting, which consist on the location and record of the places where the investigated human groups lived, in order to determine as archaeological site, the place where important concentrations of material evidences are found, which allows him to underpin his hypothesis concerning the life forms in the past.

He carries out diggings along with his work team, in periods of several weeks of duration, extracting material remains that were left as product of different activities of the population investigated, such as ceramic objects, stone utensils, bones, rock arts, etc. and proving their authenticity, so that these allow him to respond or test his research questions.

His work tools are: field notebook, pen, compass, Engineer’s scale, rope, nails for poles, graph paper, spoon, shovel, brush, camera, tape measure, GPS (*Global Position System), etc.

The on-site work is followed by the laboratory analysis, where all the recovered material is processed in cleaning tasks and refurbishment, conservation treatment and fragment remount to conform the original piece, classification and stocktaking of all the material.

He works along with professionals of other scientific disciplines such as geographers, geologists, chemists, botanists, zoologists, anthropologists, physicists, etc, who provide supplementary information; for instance:

Geologists deliver information concerning sedimentary rocks where archaeological remains are, and chemists provide information about the processes remains have suffered before being extracted from the ground and the subsequent treatment needed for their conservation.

He organizes the time and resources; he controls and reflects about the work quality and its results.

He performs the analysis of the extracted material; searching for interrelation of the material vestiges and inferring the behavior of social systems from them, in the attempt of rebuilding the history of a determined period of a region or country.

He understands the inscriptions and texts written in dead languages, deciphering the message in the symbols, hieroglyphics, interpreting ancient languages without decoding.

He makes known the research results through publications in scientific journals and conferences.

He interprets meaningful phenomena of history and makes critical judgments which imply a reflection about the current issue, and a critical interpretation of the past.

He performs preliminary assessment studies of archaeological impact produced by infrastructure works or soil removal, in order to avoid damage or saving archaeological materials in risk of being destroyed.

He carries out management tasks of archaeological and collection sites.

He performs the dissemination of the historical-archaeological heritage in mass media and interpreting archaeological sites for the spectators.

He carries out tasks of monument restoration.

He teaches in the academic field.


Occupational Field

Universities

Research Centers

Museums

Cultural foundations

Archaeological Parks

Mass Media and publishing houses

Consultancies


Estimated time of College years:

Around 5 years

Main courses considered in the curriculum.

Basic Training Courses

Prehistory

Ancient History

Written Expression

Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropology

*Reading the Artistic Image

Principal themes of Philosophy

Medieval History

Professional Training Courses

Historical Research Methods and Techniques

Prehistoric Archaeology

Classical Archaeology

Medieval Archaeology

Hispanic Archaeology

Theoretical Approaches in Archaeology

*Field Methods and Techniques in Prehistoric Archaeology

Archaeology Management and Dissemination

History of the Mediterranean in Ancient times

The Mediterranean in Prehistory

*Bioarchaeology

*Landscape Archaeology

*Agrarian Archaeology

*Quantitative Archaeology

*Archaeological Artifacts Study and Analysis

Architecture and Archaeology

Social, Economic and Political Theory in Archaeology

Complementary Training Courses

Computer Workshop

Introduction to *Cartography

*Geographical Information Systems

English

Specialties

-Prehistoric Archaeology, Classical Archaeology, Ancient History, Medieval History, Bibliographic and Documentary Heritage; as well as more specific lines such as Egyptology, *Mesoamerican Prehistory, etc.


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career


Interests

-Interest in other cultures.

-Curiosity to know history, with special attention to prehistoric, ancient and medieval periods.

-Interest in the oldest cultural past of his country.

-Appreciation for scientific methodology.

-Interest in approaching to other ways of thinking and acting, other form to interpret the world.

-Motivation for social sciences referred to the human being origin and its development over time.

-Taste for deciphering and investigating.


Skills

Investigational: Analysis, Synthesis, Reasoning, Abstraction, Interpretation, Observation and Induction. (All of these terms are explained in the –Aptitudes- section in this website).

Management ability


Vocation

Broadening horizons of human knowledge, discovering our origins, our history on Earth, to know who we are and where do we go.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

Methodical

Patient

Critical Spirit

Ability to work in teams

Fieldwork


Work Scope

Field work fundamentally

Laboratory Work


Related Careers

Social Anthropology, Physical Anthropology, Paleontology, Bachelor Degree in History.


*Glossary of Terms

*Archaeological Artifacts Study and Analysis: Materials characterization, like the study about composition and manipulation of metallurgical elements, the content analysis of archaeological containers, etc.

*Agrarian Archaeology: Relative to agrarian activities of ancient societies, such as agricultural techniques, production spaces, etc.

*Quantitative Archaeology:

Use of statistical techniques and methods to quantify archaeological data, such as demographic data analysis, of land use, etc, and then be able to develop historical and anthropological hypothesis as of statistical information.

*Landscape Archaeology: Landscape archaeology is a method whereby it is tried to know how the environment was in ancient times, its natural landscape made up of rivers, geographical accidents, geological bedrocks, botanical species, etc, and their subsequent transformations.

*Bioarchaeology: Part of archaeology devoted to the study of human remains, such as analyzing DNA of the shroud remains and of the organic compounds of the tribute, such as wood or plant residues.

It accounts for the age of people, gender, diseased they suffered, types of eating, the activities they performed, etc.

*Cartography: Science that makes the maps in which the terrestrial surface is represented in detail and exact.

*Reading the Artistic Image: Reading of works of art in terms of historic, cultural, social, economic aspects, etc.

*Mesoamerican: Region comprising approximately the center of Mexico.

* Field Methods and Techniques in Prehistoric Archaeology: Methods and techniques of recovery of the extracted remains, that by their deteriorated state, the rapid disappearance of the evidences is produced, as well as methods and techniques for their restoration.

* Geographical Information Systems (GIS): It is software designed to receive, store, manipulate, analyze and unfold information regarding a geographic location. This method is used in the prospecting and digging stage, making photographic interpretation, GIS analysis of the territory, remote sensing, etc.

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