Industrial Design


Career Objectives

-Innovate products at the service of man with aesthetic and functional criteria.

Career Description

From the beginning of any civilization, man has created objects; consequently, he has “designed”.

These objects have been meant to be extensions of our bodies and our minds.

Millions of years ago, sitting was satisfied with a rock, a log, a mound, now, the derivative is a chair.

And so, drinking became a glass, hunting in a spear, moving became a bicycle, etc.

The fact is that now, objects are so closely linked to our lives that is impossible not to think about them.

This professional has the ability to design objects that meet the needs of man, his tradition, his culture, history, society, art…

The means to produce them are the mind, hands, matter, processes, technology. This profession allows him to unite these factors.

This task requires specialized knowledge in visual, tactile, safety and functionality criteria focused on the user.

He devises innovative solutions that create significant changes to society, collaborating actively in the economic, social and cultural development of the country.

The groups of professional he works with are experts in management, marketing, engineering and manufacturing.


Main courses considered in the syllabus

General Training Courses

English

History of Culture

History of Art

Writing

Basic Training Courses

*Mathematics (design-oriented)

*Descriptive Geometry

*Physics (design-oriented)

History of Industrial Design

Design Anthropology (origin of design)

Professional Training Courses

Introduction to Design

Drawing Workshop I, II

Theory of Design

Composition I, II

Research Methodology

Visualization and Multimedia

Industrial/Engineering Drawing Workshop

Sculpture Workshop

Industrial Design Workshop, I, II, III, IV, V, VI

*Prototypes I, II, II

Computer Aided Design and Drafting

Graphic Expression

3D Modeling

*Ergonomics I, II

Materials and Manufacturing Processes I, II

Object Photography

Design Methodology

Technological Innovation

Advanced Industrial Design

Complementary Training Courses

*Marketing

Advertising

Consumer Research

Business Management


Estimated time of College years

Around 5 years


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

What does the industrial designer do?

Basically, the designer takes a problem to provide a solution.

Usually the solution is given as an object, being the final result of the work.

He must go in search of a concept, a form, a function, the relationship with the user, materials, manufacturing process and packaging.

In order to innovate a valid, current, useful, aesthetic and feasible concept, he must identify the needs of the user, consider his psychological and physiological factors, provide an aesthetic that will give identity and character to the products, describe the materials to be used and the appropriate transformation processes in their manufacture.

He uses two-dimensional representation techniques, such as: technical drawing, drawings for presentations, geometry, photographs and other graphic aides which describe the formal features of the product in the design project.

All these activities are carried out in offices with instruments ranging from the drawing board to the computer.

He frequently has to supervise and/or perform procedures and operations in the workshop, to make models, simulators and prototypes, with tools and machinery appropriate for the materials and according to the most convenient process to them.

He also performs other tasks out of the office, supervising directly the development of the products designed by him in the factory, or visiting the selling and distribution points of the products and even supervising those operations of installation and maintenance in their place of use.

The industrial designer establishes interpersonal relationships with different actors of the production, distribution, consumption and obsolescence of industrial products; from the contact with workers, technicians and supervisors, to the exchange and collaboration with managers of production, marketing, administration, sales, engineering, quality control, etc.


Candidate Personality

-Possess the habit of observation and rational thinking in the search of a specific, clear and accurate knowledge.

-Have an inherent curiosity for the investigation of objects that surround us; in their forms, materials, mechanisms and processes.

-Natural inclination to represent everything he sees or experiences through graphic language. (texts, schemes, drawings, symbols).

-Aesthetic sensitivity.

-Developed perception and visual memory.

-Manual skills for drawing and the operation of machines and tools.

-Perception of spatial relations located in his environment.

-Interest in building, drawing, measuring, visualizing, comparing, describing and transforming things.


Occupational Field

The Industrial Designer performs in very diverse areas within the industry, in the areas of marketing, product development, market research and production.

He can cover different design areas such as:

-Object-Art Design

-Sculpture Design

-Toy Design

-Furniture Design

-Sport equipment Design

-Household goods Design

-Packaging Design

-Design for Utility Transport and Recreational Vehicles

-Scenic Design (Ephemeral Architecture).

- Design of museum, commercial setting, etc.

-Accessory Design

-Animation and videogames

-Fashion Design and textiles

-Jewelry Design

-Automotive Design and even Design for airplane turbines.

-In organizations devoted to providing services to the community, participating mostly in the research and development of standards and assessment tests of the products and their effects on the environment.

-In the public area, such as municipalities or other institutions that require the development of object implementation.

-In the free practice of the profession through the services he provides in offices devoted to give advice to industries.

-In Teaching and research in universities, centers and institutes of professional and technical education.

-In institutions dedicated to research and development of new technology, materials and processes for the production, commercialization and obsolescence of industrial products.

-In the formation of his own business, designing, producing and commercializing his products.

-Organizations promoting production and trade.

-Companies that constantly develop new products and investigate varied production systems.

*GLOSSARY

*Design-oriented Mathematics: Science that studies shapes in three dimensions; line, surface and volume.

Analytic Geometry: It studies the representation of geometry through algebraic equations. -For example, the algebraic equation for a Line, Circle, Parabola, Ellipse, Hyperbola, etc; as well as the graphic representation of Functions (or mathematical expressions).

-Applications of these topics in design, in order to describe shapes and spatial relations in geometric terms as well as finding their corresponding mathematical expressions or models which represent them.

Trigonometry: Component of mathematics which aims to calculate the elements of a triangle, relating its sides with its angles, both triangles in planes and triangles in three dimensions.

*Descriptive Geometry: It studies the bodies in space through their projections on certain planes, for their application in the representation of volumes in two or three dimensions.

*Descriptive Geometry (Course): The development of the abilities of perception, volumetric/spatial analysis.

-Development methods applied in volume construction (in drawing and model). -The determination of shades which produce volumes through natural and artificial light. -Practice of the fundamental principles of perspective.

*Physics (design-oriented): Its orientation is fundamentally towards classical mechanics, which corresponds to the laws of force, mass and motion (Newton’s Laws), and Kinematics which corresponds to the study of motion.

*Ergonomics: Study of the conditions of reciprocal adaptation of man and his work or of man and a machine or vehicle.

*Prototype: model.

*Marketing: Market Research.

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