Civil Engineering


Career Objectives

Meet the social needs of the structural type, through the *planning, development of projects and design of structural, hydraulic and road works, mainly.


Professional Profile

Professional who intervenes creatively and analytically in all the areas of building and constructions of the country, complying with a General Law of Urban Planning and Construction, which according to that regulation, every building must meet a series of technical requirements that guarantee safety.

Expert in Physics, Structures, Construction Techniques, Economic Science and Management that allow him to address the study, planning, project, execution, operation and maintenance of *infrastructure and *structural works.

But his task is focused mainly on:

-Design and calculation of the works *infrastructure.

-Development, evaluation, management, planning and administration of *infrastructure projects.

-Design and development of the *structural part of works, including different types of works such as:

-Buildings; towers for radio transmissions for high voltage lines, elevated tanks, antennas, etc.

-Hydraulic, such as dams, reservoirs, channels and road works such as road networks, bridges, tunnels, airports, port works.

-Sanitary, such as potable water systems, sewerage, wastewater treatment, etc.

-Transport routes in all their forms, such as: port works, airports, highways, bridges, railways, etc.

He has an integrating vision of all the technical aspects associated with these works such as *soil mechanics; efficient and safe *structural systems; determination of the materials to be used, among others. As well as economic and social aspects, so he has knowledge of economic science and management.

He teams up with the architect and the Construction Engineer and he is the calculation engineer of the *structure and *infrastructure of the construction.

If we take the example of constructing a building, first, the architect plans or designs the building; later, the civil engineer studies the suitable structures for this construction, and, finally, the construction engineer, which is the one in charge of the building construction with techniques and accurate decisions for that.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

He plans and evaluates civil works projects, studying their profitability and social impact; as well as identifying adverse ecological consequences.

He coordinates the work of interdisciplinary groups and specialists in different branches of Civil Engineering for several construction projects; such as construction engineers, architects, geologists, land surveyors, topographers, electricians, lawyers, accountants, among others, due to the complexity of infrastructure developments, in the planning, design, construction and operation stages.

He plans the most convenient use of natural and human resources of large areas, such as: river basins, urban development, communications routes, etc.

He applies probability and statistical methods to forecast population growth, determination of the wind action in the area, probable maximum precipitation and probable maximum flood, among others.

He develops new *infrastructure projects.

He carries out the design and calculation of*infrastructure projects.

He evaluates, manages, plans and administers *infrastructure projects.

He performs the design and study of the *structural calculation of the rough construction and foundations of resistant structures of all types and sizes relating the behavior of the different structural elements to the strength of materials used in their construction and their mechanical properties (such as steel, concrete, floors, rocks, plastic), as well as the loads they support, besides considering the resistance capacity to strong seismic impacts.

In the Hydraulic Area, he studies and analyzes phenomena of the hydrological cycle, water quality, etc, to perform advisory tasks related to use planning and management of water resources, both of rivers and groundwater for irrigation, to generate electric power, etc.

In the Geotechnics area, he gathers and analyzes *topographic,*geological and seismic information of soils, adverse environmental conditions such as strong winds, tides, currents, swells, etc, for an adequate structure and foundations of the construction, complying with its safety, service and economic requirements.

In the Sanitary Engineering area, he studies and designs constructions in terms of the promotion and preservation of health, such as drinking water systems, sewerage system, wastewater treatment, etc.

He carries out the study, project, calculation, management, inspection, construction, exploitation and/or maintenance of reservoir works, branching, irrigation, drainage, water collection and supply and hydromechanical facilities, for hydraulic use.

He performs the study, project and calculation of transport routes in all their forms, such as: port works, airports and navigation, road works and railways.

He intervenes in matters concerning hygiene and occupational safety, as well as in legal, economic or financial matters, arbitration, expertise and appraisals in the Civil Works area.

He carries out the study of costs and budget of the project.

He creates his own technology through research.

With his professional title, he evaluates civil works projects and he signs blueprints, giving them his approval.

He participates in the teaching and research areas.


Occupational Field

-Ministries of Housing and Urban Development and Public Works

-Municipalities

-Provincial Governments

-General Accounting Office, responding professionally to the inspection obligations, audits and control.

- Executive, business management and administrative functions in private or state companies in his field

-Engineering companies

-Consulting firms

-Construction companies

-Companies of Health and Water Services

-Real Estate Companies

-Mining Companies

-Companies for Installations and industrial assemblies.

-Free exercise of the profession as Calculation Engineers, Construction Entrepreneurs

-Higher education institutions and Research centers.


Estimated time of College years

5 years or more


Main courses considered in the syllabus

Basic Training Courses

-Mathematics (Calculus [3 levels], Algebra, Geometry, Differential Equations)

*Numerical Methods

-General Chemistry

-Physics

-Mechanics

-Electricity and Magnetism

-Waves, Optics and Heat

-Introduction to Economics

Professional Training Courses

*Hydraulics

-Architectural Drawing

*Topography

*Fluid Mechanics

-Construction Materials

*Solid Mechanics

*Strength of Materials

*Soil Mechanics

-Project Management

-Probability and Statistics

-*Geotechnics Fundamentals

-Structural Analysis (2 levels)

*Concrete Technology

*Operations Research

*Hydrology

*Foundations

-*Civil Works Construction

-Earthquake Engineering

-Steel Structures

-Environmental Impact

*Engineering Economics

-Project Evaluation

-Costs and Project Scheduling

-Legal Aspects

-Construction techniques and processes

-General Accounting and Costs

-Highway Engineering

-Computer-aided Design

-Building (2 levels)

Specialties

-Health, Road Management, Hydraulics, Structures.


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career


Interests

-It’s entertaining for him to plan, make and build.

-Be curious and pay attention, in daily life, to everything that has been built and what is new.

-Motivation for mechanical-structural physics and motivation to find solutions to problems that arise.

-Interest in mathematical approaches that describe physical phenomena.

-Greater propensity for the application of knowledge.

-Interest and appreciation for technological advances.

-Appreciation for science in general.

-Speculate about solving with ingenuity a physical-structural problem.


Skills

-Physical and mathematical skills.

-Inventiveness, ability and ingenuity for the analysis and solution of empirical physical problems.

-Ability to notice physical phenomena and achieve their interpretation.

-Good spatial location and ease to express graphically.


Vocation

-Inner need to do practical things that meet the needs of the community and solve their problems.

-Seek its development and welfare.

-Desire to create constructions for the production of goods and services, always dreaming with new ways to do thing better.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

-Practical and functional personality.

-Ability to organize and lead work groups.

-Ease to treat people with different training, criteria and personalities.

-Good communication with people.


Work Scope

The civil engineer performs his job both in an office and construction works in the city or in rural areas under adverse physical conditions and environments.


Related Careers

-Construction Engineering, Land Surveying, Mining Engineering.


*Glossary of Terms

*Infrastructure: Part of a construction that is under the ground level and supports the rest of the structure: foundations of bridges or other structures, terrain that supports a route or highway, etc.

*Structural: Framework generally made of steel or reinforced concrete that is fixed to the ground and serves as support for a building.

*Hydrology: Study of the distribution of water on the Earth’s surface and in the atmosphere in meteorological phenomena in which water intervenes, among others.

*Road Works: All types of transport routes such as roads, bridges, etc.

*Numerical Methods: Techniques to formulate problems that can be solved carrying out a good number of laborious arithmetic calculations and the computer facilitates its operation.

*Topography: Graphic representation of a piece of land in map format, showing the relief of its surface.

*Fluid Mechanics: Know physical and mechanical properties of fluids, understanding their behavior, to propose and design solutions to problems related to them, such as transport, for example.

*Strength of Materials: Behavior of materials (Concrete, Asbestos-Concrete, Clay bricks, among others) in terms of their elasticity-plasticity in different types of situations such as the application of loads or thermal effects.

*Soil Mechanics: Tests that have to be carried out in a road, structural or geotechnical work to classify the soils and determine parameters of their resistance.

*Hydraulics: Part of mechanics that studies the balance and movement of fluids in order to be able to carry, contain, lift and harness water.

*Operational Research: Science that deals with decision making.

*Foundations: The lowest load-bearing part of a building, typically below ground level.

*Concrete: Cement.

*Geotechnics: Study of the composition and properties of the most superficial zone of the Earth’s crust, for the settling of all kinds of constructions and public works.

*Engineering Economics: Engineering economics deals with the decision making process of an organization, from the economic perspective.

For instance: Which of these two engineering designs should be chosen, Design A, which takes one year to build at a very low cost or Design B, which also takes one year and it is more efficient, but requires an expensive subcontracting? Or…Will the benefits of a public service project be sufficiently large to accept its execution costs? Questions such as these are asked and answered by engineering economics.

*Geological: Related to Geology: Study of the folds and faults of the earth’s crust.

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