Electrical Engineering


Career Objectives

Ensure and optimize the generation, transmission, control, transformation and efficient use of electrical power.


Professional Profile

The electrical engineer studies, designs, plans and develops equipment and systems of which driving force is electricity; such as systems of generation, transmission, distribution, conversion and use of electrical power.

He runs the installation, operation, control and maintenance of these systems; All this in an efficient and economic way.

He also studies technological aspects of certain materials, products or processes and advises on this.

He has knowledge of mathematics as well as the principles and methods of analysis and technical design in electricity that allow him to determine, predict and evaluate the results that will be obtained from these systems.

He also has knowledge of economic, financial, administrative science and management control that complements his scientific and technological training, allowing him to manage resources.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

-He takes responsibility and coordinates all the stages of an Electric Power System from generation to final use. Here the behavior of the system is analyzed as a whole, both in normal and emergency conditions, and possible extensions or modifications are studied, from an economic, social and optimal operation point of view.

-They control Power Generation and Utilization Equipment, such as large generating machines and power transformers that raise the voltage to the levels necessary for transmission in electricity generating plants, as well as at the other end of the system which are the consumption points such as machines, devices and equipment as varied as compressors, computers and grinding mills.

-He designs, builds and maintains distribution networks.

-He designs and builds new companies or extensions of industrial, commercial and service types where electrical systems are required.

-They design and direct the installation, operation, maintenance and repair of electrical systems, engines and equipment. They investigate and advice about it.

-They design and run facility maintenance such as the illumination of tunnels, highways, buildings, sports fields, airports, industrial complexes, etc; means of transport such as the subway, railways, lifts, cranes, etc.

-He performs the analysis, design, simulation and control of electrical systems with computer assistance.

-He designs and applies tests to electrical equipment and materials.

-He manages human and material resources in electrical works.

-He is integrated into interdisciplinary work teams.

-He provides consultancy services and expert opinions.

-He takes part in teaching and research activities.

-He participates in manufacturing and production processes in the electrical industry.


Occupational Field

-Public and private companies of the electricity sector.

-Power generation and distribution companies.

-Telecommunications Companies.

-Manufacturing Companies.

-Service Companies performing task management activities in Engineering

-Industrial and mining sectors

-Metallurgical sector

-Steel sector

-Chemical companies

-Paper and Cellulose Industry

-In the field of Construction

-National and International engineering consulting companies that develop large electrical projects

-Finance Institutions

-Health field

-Research Centers

-Higher Education institutions

-Independent exercise of the profession in the field of electrical and industrial facilities as consultant, service provider or as a contractor.


Estimated time of College years

5 years


Main courses considered in the syllabus

Basic Engineering Sciences

-Mathematics (4 levels)

*Mechanics

*Physics: Heat and Waves

*Physics Laboratory

*Physics: Electromagnetism

Physics: *Electromagnetic Fields and Waves

*Thermodynamics

*Fluid Mechanics

Professional Training Courses

*Mechanical Engineering

*Electrical Power Systems

*Materials Technology

*Network Theory I, II

*Engineering Drawings

*Electrical Measurements e Instrumentation

*Automatic Control

*Electronic Circuits

*Electric Elements

*Microprocessors

*Digital Systems

*Power Electronics

*Power-system Protection

*Computer Systems

*Telecommunications

*Strength of Materials and Machine Components

Complementary Training Courses

*Economic Theory

*Accounting

*Operations Research

*Operations Management

*Industrial Organization

Specialties

-Telecommunications, *Automatic Control, Robotics.


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career


Interests

-Curiosity for Technology

-Appreciation for sciences that support technological developments

-Curiosity for the operation and components of machines or objects that have some mechanism.

-Motivation for technological innovation.

-Interest in application and experimentation.


Skills

-Analytical Capacity. It is the ability to separate what is observed in its fundamental parts and then see the relation between them.

-Logical Reasoning. It allows capturing the situation or understand it through the observation of a reality, a drawing, a diagram, the functioning of something or its behavior.

-Manual dexterity, fine motor skill.

-Aptitude for mathematical operations.


Vocation

-Motivation for the utilization of natural resources in order to meet human needs and improve quality of life. -Satisfaction for the application, construction and transformation.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

-Availability to work in teams.

-Initiative and organizational capacity.

-Practical sense.


Work Scope

-Industrial

-Personnel Management


Related Careers

-Electrical Technology, Telecommunications, Industrial Automation Technology, Aircraft Maintenance, Industrial Control Technology.


*Glossary of Terms

*Mechanics: Vectors, Work and Energy. -Oscillation. -Gravitational Interaction, among others.

*Materials Technology: Study of fluids. –Forces on submerged surfaces. –Fluid dynamics. –Turbomachinery: pumps, fans, turbines, hydroelectric power plants.

*Physics: Heat and Waves: -Acoustic waves. –Light Propagation and Nature. –Plane waves and flat surfaces. –Spherical waves and spherical surfaces. –Waves in elastic media. –Temperature. –Heat and Laws of Thermodynamics, among others.

*Physics: Electromagnetism: -Electric current. –Magnetic Field. –Electrical and magnetic properties of matter. –Electrostatics, among others.

*Mechanical Engineering: -Heat transfer. –Flow in pipelines and canals. –Internal combustion engines. –Steam plants, hydropower plants, among others.

*Physics Laboratory: Analysis of experiences: -Physical Pendulum. –Determination of the speed of sound. –Determination of the viscosity of a fluid. –Determination of the surface tension of water in capillary tubes. –Electrolysis. –Measurement of Wavelength, among others.

*Network Theory I, II: Elements and Analysis of Electrical networks. –Three-face electric power and polyphase system.

*Strength of Materials and Machine Components: -Compression, bending, fatigue in materials. Calculation in beams, structures, bridges, towers. Machine elements: shafts, linkage, chains, belts, rolling bearings.

*Electromagnetic Fields and Waves: -Electromagnetic waves. –Electromagnetic wave propagation. –Reflection and Refraction of Waves. –Wave propagation in optical fibers. –Radiation, among others.

*Engineering Drawing: -Use of compass, set square and ruler. –Solution of geometrical exercises. -Obtaining projections. -Representation of cutaway views. -Dimension. -Perspective. -Development of bodies. -Interpretation of electrical drawings.

*Electrical Measurements and Instrumentation: -Measurement process. –Characterization of instruments. –Contrasting of instruments. –AC and DC Measurements.-Signal Display, among others.

*Thermodynamics: Part of physics that studies motion generated by heat phenomena.

-First principle of Thermodynamics.

-Second law of Thermodynamics

-Combustion

-Heat transfer –Internal combustion engines. –Steam plants, hydropower plants, among others.

*Automatic Control: -Current-feedback Operational Amplifiers. –Compensators and conventional regulators.

*Digital Systems: Digital electronic circuits (circuits that make decisions about certain variables based on rules of logic). –Design of circuits. –Reliable design and fault detection, among others.

*Telecommunications: Study of transmission media that allow sending information signals from a distance.

*Electronic Circuits: -Electronic devices. –Circuit analysis methods. –Temperature effects. –Power amplifiers.-Power supplies. –Current-feedback Operational Amplifiers.

*Electric Machines: -Transformers. –Types of Machines. –Modeling and simulation of electric machines.

*Microprocessors: -Microprocessor architecture. –Description of commercial microprocessors. –Programming. –Languages. –Functions of the operating system.

*Electric Power System: Use and generation of electric power. -Electrical power systems. -Modeling and calculation of electrical power systems. -Faults. -Stability of the systems.

*Economic Theory: Microeconomics elements. –International Trade elements. –Growth and economic policy.

*Power Electronics: -Devices. –AC converter (alternate current) to DC (direct current), DC/AC converters, AC/AC converters. –DC/DC converters.

-Supply Network and Consumption.

*Fluid Mechanics: Behavior of fluids. –Turbomachinery: pumps, fans, turbines, hydroelectric power plants, among others.

*Power-system Protection: Behavior of an electrical system and disturbances; protections schemes; protection of electric power transport systems; protection of generators and engines; adjustments and protection coordination, among others.

*Accounting: Accounting information system of the company and technical language necessary to understand the information contained in financial statements.

*Computer Systems: Hardware of microcomputers: Types of CPU, motherboards, magnetic storage and optical discs, serial, parallel and USB ports. -Protections. -Operating Systems.-Network architecture. -Internet networks, among others.

*Operations Research: Methods for making decisions in the economic area. –Assessment in capital investments. –Applications to industrial projects of the process area. –Modeling techniques and problem solving methodologies making use of mathematics and logic. –Programming. –Inventory Theory, among others.

*Operations Management: -Design and management of production systems. –Production systems and operations. –Location and distribution of industrial plants. –Inventory planning and control, among others.

*Industrial Organization: Provide knowledge about the external and internal factors that influence in the general administration of industrial companies.

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