Mechatronics Engineering


Career Objectives

Promote technology development in processes and products of the industrial sector.


Professional Profile

This professional is oriented to the automation and control of manufacturing processes in the industrial area and also to products and everyday use devices.

This career arose from the incursion of electronics in mechanics. Its scope of action is related to precision mechanics, electronic control systems and computerized information technology.

He has a solid basis in physics, mathematics and engineering techniques to adapt and manage new technology that not only responds to the current conditions of the labor market, but promote the modernization of production processes. Therefore, he must be adapted to technology changes in these areas.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

He develops the control, instrumentation and the automation of industrial processes; for that, he integrates electronic, *hydraulic, *pneumatic devices, sensors and programmable computer interfaces.

He carries out the start-up, operation and maintenance of machinery, equipment, instruments and processes of these automated manufacturing systems.

He manufactures production equipment.

He designs and builds mechatronic products, such as the design of medical instruments, manufacturing of prostheses and innovative products in bioengineering using precision mechanics and control electronics.

As well as the design and improvement of *mechatronic products such as: autofocus cameras, videos, hard disks, CD players, washing machines, lego-matics, etc.

He designs the infrastructure for tests, measurements, analysis and manufacture of *prototypes.

He carries out the design and integration of computer network systems in service environments.

He creates innovative applications of components, devices or electromechanical systems in productive processes.

He creates development methodologies for new products.


Occupational Field

In the following industries:

*Metallurgical

-Chemical

-Food industry

-Paper

-Cement

-Textile

-Wood

-Automotive

-Electronic

-Agribusiness

-Transport

-Power generation

-Oil

-Steel

-Extraction processes

-Construction companies, etc.


Estimated time of College years

5 years


Main courses considered in the syllabus

Basic Training Courses

Mathematics (5 semesters)

Physics (3 semesters)

*Numerical Methods

Statistics

*Solid Mechanics

*Fluid Mechanics

*Thermodynamics

Professional Training Courses

Mechanical and Technical Drawing

*Circuit Analysis

Electronics (2 semesters)

*Digital Circuits

*Programmable Logic Controllers

Computing

Programming

Computer Architecture

Electronic Systems

Design of Mechanical Elements

*Materials Engineering

Manufacturing Engineering

Electromechanical Installations

*Hydraulic and *Pneumatic Circuits

Electric Machines

Automatic Control

Design of Machine Elements

*Hydraulic Machines and *Thermal Machines

Thermal Machines Laboratory

Instrumentation

Mechanisms

Manufacturing Processes

Industrial Automation

Computer-aided Design and Manufacturing

*Mechatronic Design (2 semesters)

*Robotics

Complementary Training Courses

Introduction to *Economics

Costs and Engineering Economics

Project Management

Industrial Legislation

Labour and Organizational Relations

Specialties

*Control Engineering, *Industrial Robotics, *Systems Design, *Sensors and *Actuators, Computers and Software, Software and Data Acquisition.


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career


Interests

-Interest in solving technology problems of the mechanical and electrical type.

-Interested in computer *hardware.

-Appreciation for sciences that support technology developments.

-Curiosity for the operation and components of machines or objects that have some mechanism.

-Curiosity and interest in understanding physical principles applied to phenomena such as bodies in motion, gravity, etc.

-Motivation for technological innovation.

-Interest in application and experimentation.

-Taste for geometric drawing.

-Interest in understanding the use and operation of mechanisms and machines.

-Appreciation for technology innovation.

-Satisfaction for creating in the application, construction and transformation.


Skills

-Ability to discover the functioning of mechanisms and machines.

-Ability to perceive and understand physical phenomena expressed in functional mechanisms.

-Visual perception of object in three-dimensional form.

*Analytical Capacity

*Logical Reasoning

-Manual dexterity, fine motor skills

-Aptitude for mathematical calculation

-Ability to perceive and estimate physical dimensions

-Dexterity in experimental work

-Adaptability to work in a team


Vocation

Improve the welfare of society through the achievement of optimal production and service systems.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

-Availability to work in team.

-Organization ability and direction of a team work.


Work Scope

-Industrial

Personnel Management


Related Careers

-Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Computer Engineering, Industrial Maintenance Technology, Electromechanical Engineering.

Glossary of Terms

*Actuators: They are those elements that can cause an effect on an automated process such as a motor. That is, it acts on the system in response to a signal that requests it.

*Operations Management: Design and management of production systems of goods. -Study of the production system, the product, location of plants, distribution of plants.

-Planning and inventory control. –Batch production planning.

*Circuit Analysis: Circuit elements such as resistors, capacitors and inductors. –Circuit behavior. –Polyphase systems, among others.

*Analytical Capacity: Method that focuses the whole and separates it in its basic elements to see the relation between those elements.

*Digital Circuits: Circuits that work with 2 states and simulate highly complex mathematical logic constructions.

*Hydraulic Circuits: Fluid flow through ducts or open channels and the design of pumps and turbines.

*Pneumatic Circuits: Systems that use compressed air to transmit energy or information.

*Programmable Logic Controllers: Electronic devices that can be programmed to control a specific process.

*Systems Design: Creation of a system model that tries to recreate the behavior of some aspects of a complex physical or mechanical system.

*Control Engineering: Automatic Control of Systems through the knowledge and management of its input and output signals that reports its behavior.

*Economics: Social science that studies production, exchange, distribution processes and the consumption of goods and services.

*Hardware: Physical components of a computer.

*Materials Engineering: Compression, bending, torsion, fatigue in materials. –Application of calculation in machine elements: axles, linkages, chains, belts, rolling bearings.

*Hydraulic Machine: Machine that works with incompressible flow, for example, water.

*Thermal Machine: A machine that works with compressible flow, such as steam machines or gas turbines.

*Numerical Methods: These are techniques based on a sequence of simple arithmetic operations for the solution of mathematical problems.

*Solid Mechanics: It studies the behavior of rigid and deformable solid bodies in different types of situations such as the application of loads or thermal effects.

*Fluid Mechanics: Study of the behavior of fluids both in Statics (no motion) and Dynamics (in motion).

*Mechatronic: Combination of different branches of engineering such as precision mechanics, electronics, computing, and control systems aimed at analyzing and designing automated manufacturing processes and product design.

*Metallurgical: Industry devoted to the manufacture of metal products.

*Prototypes: Prototypes are the first test equipment made in the development laboratories.

*Logical Reasoning: It is captured through the observation of a reality, a drawing, a diagram, the functioning of something, behavior, etc. Ability to analyze proposals or complex situations, predict consequences and be able to solve the problem in a consistent way.

*Robotics: Technique that applies the design and use of devices that, in replacement of people, perform operations or tasks, generally in industrial facilities.

*Sensors: They are devices that detect manifestations of qualities or physical phenomena, such as energy, speed, size, quantity, etc.

*Thermodynamics: Related to the existing relations between dynamic (motion) and calorific phenomena (heat).

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