Electromechanical Engineering


Career Objectives

*Design and apply electromechanical systems to the industrial and service sectors for the promotion of their productivity and quality.


Professional Profile

Professional focused on the area of larger (high power) electrical and mechanical systems and their installation.

He has full knowledge of Mechanics and Electricity in addition to their physical and mathematical foundations.

He is prepared to perform postgraduate studies in areas of his specialty or related to his training such as *Mechatronics.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

-He designs, specifies and supervises the construction and operating procedures of all type of structures related to his area (without addressing *concrete and *masonry). Among them:

-Facilities for the generation, transport and distribution of electrical, mechanical and *thermal energy.

-Energy conversion installations.

*Motive power systems and installations.

-Lighting systems and installations.

-Transport and storage systems and installations.

- Systems and installations of electromagnetic equipment for manufacturing materials and products in the industry.

-Systems and installations for heating, cooling, air conditioning and ventilation.

-Control systems and *servomechanism.

Among others

-He designs greater (high power) electrical and mechanical machines, equipment, devices and instruments, mechanisms and accessories, to which operating principle is electrical, mechanical, *thermal, *hydraulic, *pneumatic, or a combination of them, such as electrothermal, electrochemical, electromechanical systems or facilities, which use mechanisms controlled by *relays, *valves and different types of switches.

-He applies *standards and *technical specifications to the development of the work.

-He interprets *codes, manuals, plans and *charts of electromechanical equipment and systems.

-He establishes, organizes and runs the execution of predictive and preventive maintenance techniques in electromechanical facilities.

-He evaluates the conditions for installation, functioning, maintenances and use of equipment, instruments and materials of the specialty.

-He generates responses to new and unexpected problems that arise in the performance of his work.

-He performs laboratory tasks in the compliance control of *technical specifications linked to his area.

-He takes part in the creation and development of research projects and application of new technology.

-He assumes the supervision and/or management of workshops, factories and industrial plants.

-He deals with industrial safety issues linked to the area.

-He carries out *expert opinions and *valuations in issues related to his area.


Occupational Field

-Processing and process industries such as:

Textile, plastic, oil, *metalworking, automotive, fishing, mining, *steel, agricultural, food, chemical, furniture, forestry, paper, graphics and in general all kind of production and manufacturing industry that uses machinery.

-Transportation Companies (land, sea, air).

-Assembly Plants for Machinery

-Electricity sector Companies

-Electric Power Plants

-Technical consultancy firms

-Service Companies that use mechanical equipment

-In the *hydraulic area operating systems and works for the use of water resources for the rural and urban area (irrigation, power generation, water supply: urban and industrial).

-Companies devoted to the merchandising of mechanical or electromechanical equipment.

-Mechanics workshops.


Estimated time of College years

4 - 5 years

Main courses considered in the Curriculum

Basic Training Courses

Mathematics (4 semesters)

Statistics

*Physics (3 semesters)

General Chemistry

*Representation Systems

Professional Training Courses

*Materials Technology

*Mechanics (2 semesters)

*Electricity (2 semesters)

*Electric Power Systems

*Electronics

*Power Electronics

*Electric Machines

*Thermal Machines

*Hydraulic Machines

*Control Systems

Complementary Training Courses

*Industrial Organization

Quality Management

Hygiene and Industrial Safety

Specialties

Hydraulics

Pneumatics

Mechatronics


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career


Interests

-Motivation for the application of knowledge and experimentation.

-Curiosity for Technology.

-Interest in the management and use of energy.

-Motivation to improve and adapt mechanisms for the optimal functioning of something.

-Taste for the use of measuring instruments.


Skills

-Ability to create practical solutions.

-Analytical Capacity. (Ability to distinguish what is observed in its fundamental parts and then to see the relationship between them).

-Logical Reasoning (ability to understand a relation or behavior through observation of reality, a drawing, or a diagram).

-Visual acuity

-Manual work and motor skills

-Spatial Location

-Observant and intuitive in the detection of operational problems of an instrument or equipment.

-Organization and planning ability

-Ability for mathematical operations.


 Vocation

-Want to build and operate systems for the achievement of a greater production or provide direct service to people.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

Practicality

Availability for teamwork


Related Careers

-Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Mechatronics Engineering, Industrial Mechanics Technology, Aircraft Maintenance Technology, Automotive Mechanics Technology.


Work Scope

Industries

Workshops

Industrial Laboratories


*Glossary of Terms

*Masonry: Construction in which bricks, stones, lime, sand, plaster, concrete or other similar materials can be used.

*Hydraulic Pump: Machine usually powered by an engine, which functioning consists of increasing pressure, speed or height of the liquid that moves, or decreasing the liquid’s pressure to produce a pressure difference with the outside, in order to suckle a liquid. It is widely used for the transport of liquids and gases, and to pressurize or create vacuum in industrial applications.

*Electromagnetic Fields and Waves: Study of the behavior of electromagnetic waves and their propagation. –Reflection and refraction phenomena in them. Among others

*Steam Plant: Plant which generates mechanical or electrical power from the energy of a steam flow provided by a boiler.

*Hydraulic Station: Plant which takes advantage of the energy of waterfalls to move a *water turbine, which transmits its movement (mechanical power) to a *generator that transforms it into electric power.

*Codes: Sign system through which a message is expressed or understood.

*Combustion: Chemical reaction that is produced between a fuel and oxygen. Example: the combustion process in an automobile engine (gasoline + oxygen) which generates chemical energy to the engine so that it transforms it into mechanical power (force and movement), for its displacement.

*Compensators: Devices that compensate or correct the effects that occur in a process, due to variations in length, power, temperature, etc.

*Compressible: that it is possible to compress.

*Compressor: A compressor is a *thermal machine that compresses air (or compressible flow) by increasing the pressure on it to be driven or displaced at high speed; making the most of this energy in different applications such as: electric screwdrivers, mining equipment such as hammer drills, jackhammers, among others.

*Configuration: it refers to a specific form.

*Conventional Controllers: Devices for the industrial control of machinery and processes, which reduce the need for human intervention. They design intelligent systems that update automatically and have their own fault control system, which can make decisions based on the information they obtain through their sensors.

They are used in the control of robots, *machine tools, engines, *pneumatic and *hydraulic systems; as well as the control of temperature, pressure, flow, etc., in chemical processes of a plant, among others.

*Numerical Control: They are automated machine tools which shape or mould metal parts. They operate through programmed commands (not manual control through steering wheels or levers).

*Cutaway: It is the view as if the construction or piece had been cut by a plan. When removing the upper part, everything that is below that cut is visible. This is to represent the internal components of a piece that are not possible to see from its exterior area.

*Sketch: drawing that outlines an image or an idea.

*Diagram: Graphic representation of an object.

*Electricity (Course): -Alternate current circuits (A.C). –Electrical Measurements and Instrumentation. –Signal Display. – Electric Networks Elements and Analysis. –Three-phase and polyphase systems. –Electrical installations. –Interpretation of electrical plans, among others.

*Electronics (Course): -Electronic Devices. –Electronic circuits. –Power supplies. –Digital Electronic Circuits (circuits that make decisions about certain variables based on rules of logic). –Telecommunications (Study of the transmission media which allow sending an information signal at a distance) –Fault detection.

*Power Electronics (Course): -Devices. –AC (Alternate current) converters to DC (direct current), DC-AC converters, AC-AC converters, DC-DC converters. –Supply Network and Consumption Network. –Power Amplifiers. –Current-feedback amplifiers.

*Specifications: Details about something.

*Physics (Course): Concepts, laws and principles of classical mechanics, such as movement, work and energy, impulse and momentum, rotation movement.

-Heat and thermodynamics.

-Electromagnetic fields and waves, electric current, potential, capacitors and dielectrics.

-Direct current circuits (DC), among others.

*Motive Power: Force of movement. –Force needed to move machinery.

*Generator: Device which transforms mechanical power (movement) into electric power.

*Hydraulics: Study of the behavior of fluids (liquids and gases) in a resting state or in movement. Its behavior before speed and pressure changes applied to them, among others.

*Concrete: Mix of stone, cement and sand used in constructions.

*Electric Machine: Machine that transforms electric power into mechanic power (force and movement) to operate machinery, a device or a mechanism.

*Electric Machines (Course): Basic *configuration of an electric machine, its parts and mechanisms. –Operating principles. –Types of electric machines according to their size, shape, type of service, type of cooling, type of protection and application.

-Mechanical and structural characteristics of electric motors. –Transformers. –Technical and economic criteria for the selection of motors, among others.

*Hydraulic Machine: Machine which main element is a rotor (rotating element) through which a fluid flows (liquid or gas) through it to make it rotate, as in the case of *hydraulic turbine, *hydraulic pump, *steam turbine, among others.

*Hydraulic Machines (Course): Mechanisms and elements of hydraulic machines. *Hydraulic Stations. –Classification of hydraulic machines. –Types and shapes. *Centrifugal pumps.

*Thermal Machine: Machine that transforms thermal energy (solar, combustion or atomic energy) into electric or mechanical power to operate machinery, a device or mechanism.

*Thermal Machines (Course): -Machines with internal combustion engines: their parts and mechanisms; operating principle (combustion process). –Steam turbines: operating principle; features of different types of *steam turbines. –Gas turbines: operating principle; comparison with other engines. *Compressors: operating principle; types of compressors; uses. –Fans, among others.

*Mechanics (Course): *Hydraulics. *Pneumatics. *Thermal power stations among others.

*Mechatronics: Discipline which combines mechanics, electronics and information technology in automated control systems, such as Robotics, Industrial Automation and mechatronic products such as medical instruments, cameras with autofocus, videos, hard disks, CD players, washing machines, etc., where precision mechanics and control electronics are used.

*Metalworking: Manufacturing industry of parts and machinery.

*Monitoring: Monitor: keep something under observation.

*Pneumatics: Technology that uses compressed air as transmission mode of energy necessary to make mechanisms move and work.

*Standards: Rules that must be followed.

*Industrial Organization (Course): Internal and external factors that influence in the general management of industrial companies. –Production systems and their operation. –Location and distribution of industrial plants, among others.

*PAC: Controller which combines a programmable logic controller (PLC) with the *monitoring and calculation of a PC.

*Expert opinion: Study conducted by a subject matter expert in order to confirm certain circumstances or events.

*Perspective: object seen from a distance from a certain location.

*Plant: top view of an object.

*Thermal Plant: Plant that is supplied with heat coming from fuels or solar heat to generate electric or mechanical power.

*PLC (Programmable Logic Controller): Electronic devices that can be programmed, which are used for the control of electromechanical processes, such as industrial automation of assembly lines (series production) of a factory.

*Plan: design something.

*Section: part of an object.

*Servomechanism: It is a precision controlled *feedback system, consisting of mechanical and electronic parts as well as in certain applications of pneumatic and hydraulic parts. Examples: robot arm, automotive brake mechanism, etc.

*Control Systems (Course): *Feedback systems. *Conventional controllers: types of controller elements such as *PLC and *PAC, *Numeric Control or *servomechanisms. *Compensators.

*Representation Systems (Course): Flat figures; three-dimensional bodies. * Perspectives, Section views and *cutaways. -Drawing of pieces and structures. -Sketch and plans. -Interpretation of plans, among others.

*Electric Power Systems (Course): -Electric Power circuits. –Modeling and calculation of electric power systems. –Stability and Fault of systems. –Protection of Electric Systems. –Protection of Electric Power Circuits. –Protection of generators and motors. –Electricity generation, transmission and distribution systems, among others.

*Feedback Systems: Systems capable of regulating their activity by themselves, receiving information from the environment and adjusting their actions to the existing circumstances, in order to control an activity. For instance, a heater’s functional check to keep the room’s temperature stable.

The controlling device captures the actual temperature of the room at all times and compares it with the desired; If the temperature is above the desired temperature, it turns off the heater, and if it is below the desired temperature, it turns on the heater.

*Valuation: appraisal of a good or article.

*Materials Technology (Course): -Physical properties of materials such as electric, magnetic, expansion, thermal conductivity, etc. –Mechanical properties of materials such as elasticity, strength, hardness, ductility, fatigue strength, etc., to determine its possible applications.

*Thermal: Heat.

*Thermodynamics: Part of Physics which studies the movement generated by calorific phenomena.

*Heat transfer: When two bodies at different temperatures come into contact, the hot one communicates thermal energy to the cold. This energy flows from a body of higher temperature to one of lower temperature.

*Steam Turbine: Machine which transforms a steam flow’s energy into mechanical power (force and movement) to operate a machine, a *compressor, an electric *generator or propeller.

*Hydraulic Turbine: It is a machine which main element is a rotor which rotates due to the force of water that passes through it.

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