Mechanical Engineering


Career Objectives

Apply scientific, technological and managerial knowledge to activities that require mechanical equipment for the production of goods and services, in a safe, efficient and profitable way; as well as researching and developing technology.


Professional Profile

-Professional able to calculate and design elements, machines, equipment and mechanical system.

He plans, directs and evaluates engineering projects, optimizing them and controlling their operation.

He plans and models energy transformation and productive processes.

His fields are the industries intended to transform raw material into manufactured products, metallurgical production industries (manufacturing of parts and machinery) and converting, transport and energy use industries.

He has sound knowledge on *Basic Science, *Engineering Science and his specialty in Mechanical Engineering.

His knowledge in *Basic Science allows him to deal with problems that require analytical and innovation capacity.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

He investigates, analyzes and solves mechanical problems of the industry.

He designs, builds and installs engineering systems for industrial processes.

He manages the implementation, operation and maintenance of these engineering systems.

He manages technology resources and the materials to be used in the production process.

He takes the direction of skilled professionals to carry it out.

He optimizes manufacturing operations by providing cutting-edge technology to the industry, including the appropriate mechanical, electromagnetic elements and automation circuits.

He analyzes, selects and evaluates machinery, mechanical and electrical equipment (power plants, energy converters, air conditioning, and electromagnetic equipment, among others) necessary in industrial plants and service companies.

He intervenes in the creation and development of new manufactured products.

He designs industrial facilities. He relates the design to different structural elements from the point of view of strength of materials (study of the elasticity-plasticity of materials) used in a construction with the loads they support.

He plans, develops and controls maintenance programs for industrial plants and services.

He evaluates the rational use of the resources available in productive processes and creates alternatives.

He trains personnel in Mechanical Engineering areas.

He plans, designs and builds different river hydraulic structures (water inlets, desanders, canals, etc), as well as ports, hydraulic and thermal machines (turbines, pumps, compressors, etc) that take advantage of energy.

He controls the maintenance and repair service for machines and hydraulic and pneumatic power equipment.

He participates in the development of systems for the use of unconventional sources of energy, analyzing their principles and laws that govern them as well as their converting, transmission and utilization systems.

He provides Engineering services such as: advice, purchase and sale of equipment and machinery, expert opinions and training.

He takes part in interdisciplinary groups for the development of projects that encompass beyond his area.

He plans and designs thermal, mechanical, hydraulic and pneumatic equipment.

He makes use of computing to investigate and formulate mathematical models that simulate processes and prototypes.

He plans strategies, regulations and operating rules within the industry to support safety at work (preventing accident hazard) as well as hygiene (no contamination) in order to preserve the health of those who work there.


Main courses considered in the syllabus

Basic Training Courses

Mathematics (4 levels), *General Physics (3 levels), Computing

Professional Training Courses

*Mechanics Workshop, *Materials, *Strength of Materials and Laboratory, *Fluid Mechanics, *Mechanical Technology, *Engineering Drawing, *Machines and Laboratory, *Electrotechnics, *Automatic Control, *Electric Machines, *Internal Combustion Engines and Laboratory, *Thermodynamics, *Lubrication, *Boilers and Thermal Plants, Installation and Assembly, *Production, *Mechanical Design, *Industrial Maintenance, among others.

Complementary Training Courses

-Industrial Costs, *Personnel Management, *Industrial Management, Social Legislation, Economic Assessment.


Estimated time of College years

5 years


Occupational Field

-Manufacturing Industries (Transformation of raw material into finished products)

-Metal-mechanic Industry such as Machine shops, shipyards, foundries, etc.

-Industries that require industrial maintenance, such as: textile industry, food industry, agroindustry, cellulose and paper; plastics industry; land, maritime and air transport companies.

-In systems and works for the use of water resources for oceanographic and meteorological areas.

-In the area of energy generation such as energy development organizations in the thermal and hydraulic field.

-In the hydraulic area in works for the use of water resources for the rural and urban areas (water supply).

-Mechanical workshops

-Fishing industries (in the exploitation and production of natural resources).

-Mining (in the exploitation and production of mineral and energy resources).

-Sales and Technical Service.

-University Teaching.

-Professional Advice.

Specialties

-Robotics, Quality Management, Professional Expert in Risk Prevention, Business Management.


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career


Interests

-Curiosity for Technology.

-Appreciation for Science that support technological developments.

-Curiosity for the functioning and components of machines or objects that have some mechanism.

-Curiosity and interest in understanding physical principles applied to phenomena such as bodies in motion, gravity, etc.

-Motivation for technological innovation.

-Interest in application and experimenting.

-Taste for geometrical drawing.

-Interest in understanding the use and operation of mechanisms and machines.

-Motivation for developing projects, designs and physical models.


Skills

-Ability to find out the functioning of mechanisms and machines.

-Ability to perceive and understand physical phenomena expressed in functional mechanisms.

-Visual perception of object in three-dimensional form.

*Analytical capacity

*Logical Reasoning

-Manual skill, fine motor skills.

-Aptitude for mathematical calculation.

-Ability to perceive and estimate physical dimensions.


Vocation

-Motivation for the transformation of natural resources into useful products for people in order to meet the human needs and the improvement of quality of life.

-Satisfaction for the creation in application, construction and transformation.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

-Availability to work in teams.

-Capacity for organization and direction of teamwork.


Work Scope

-Industrial

-Personnel Management


Related Careers

Mechanical Technology

Industrial Maintenance Technology

Metallurgical Engineering

Metallurgical Technology

Industrial Automation Technology

Aerospace Engineering

Aircraft Maintenance Technology


*Glossary of Terms

*Personnel Management: Related to human relations, personnel management, staff functions, among others.

*Industrial Management: Subject related to Organizational design, motivation, leadership, job evaluation, among others.

*Boilers and Thermal Plants: Related to energy sources. –Solid, liquid and gas fuels. –Types of electric power production plants. –Boilers. –Combustion chambers, among others.

*Analytical Capacity: Method that focuses the whole and separates it in its basic elements to see the relation between those elements.

*Basic Sciences: They correspond to pure sciences that underpin the career (example: Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry).

*Engineering Science: Subject that corresponds to scientific and technological knowledge that are the basis for the specific subjects of the specialty.

*Automatic Control: Related to elements and automatic control systems. –Compensators and controllers. –Identification of plants and controller settings. –Modern control notions.

*Engineering Drawing: Related to Engineering geometry. -Drawing of parts. –Perspectives. –Auxiliary views. –Cuts and sections. –Construction plans. –Structure drawing. –Pipe drawing, among others.

*Mechanical Design: Related to the design of a mechanism or machine that solves a specific problem of the industry, including calculation, material costs, and workforce. –Manufacturing planes of all the components, among others.

*Electrotechnics: Related to Circuits. –Analysis methods and circuit theorems. –Response in electrical circuits. –Circuit Analysis, among others.

*General Physics: Related to concepts, laws and principles of classical mechanics, such as motion in a plane, concepts of work, force and energy with application in problem solving. –Impulse and amount of motion. –Rotation movement and problem solving. –Heat and thermodynamics. –Oscillations and waves. –Optics. –Electric Field. –Potential. –Condensers and dielectrics. –DC circuits. –Magnetic field, among others.

*Lubrication: Related to lubricating oils and additives. –Lubricating greases. –Lubrication of internal combustion engines, turbines, compressors, bearings, gears, hydraulic and textile machinery, etc.

*Industrial Maintenance: Related to types of maintenance, necessary resources, planning systems, removal and replacement of machinery, maintenance controls, among others.

*Electric Machines: Related to transformers. –Electric machines, engines, among others.

*Machines and Laboratory: Related to springs. -Keys and linkages. –Rolling bearings. –Joining of machine parts. –Flexible transmission elements. –Compressors and pumps. –Pumps, steam, gas and water turbines. –Instruments and measurements. –Tests: for compressors, pumps, fans, hydraulic turbines, cooling.

*Materials: Related to Foundries. –Steel. –Non-ferrous materials. –Steel and alloys. –Non-metallic materials. –Atomic Structure. –Modification of properties through changes in the microstructure, among others.

*Fluid Mechanics: Related to Statics (no motion) of fluids, Dynamics (in motion) of fluids.

*Internal Combustion Engines and Laboratory: Related to their parts and constituent systems. –Structure of the engine. –Distribution. –Combustion in the engine. –Carburetion. –Lubrication. –Implementation. –Engine Disassembly. –Engine Assembly, among others.

*Production: Related to Quality Control. –Inventory Control. –Control and Planning of Projects.

*Logical Reasoning: It is captured through the observation of a reality, a drawing, a diagram, the functioning of something, behavior, etc. Ability to analyze proposals or complex situations, predict consequences and be able to solve the problem in a consistent way.

*Strength of Materials and Laboratory: Related to elasticity-plasticity of materials. –normal strain, shear strain, linear deformation and angular deformation. –Tests of hardness, traction, compression and cutting. –Tests of torsion, bending, impact. –Mechanical properties. –General hardening processes. –Steel tempering. –Heat treatments for stainless steel. –Treatments in non-ferrous alloys, among others.

*Mechanical Workshop: Related to drills. –Shapers. –Grinding machines. –Machine tools, lathes, milling cutter. –Gears, Welding, among others.

*Mechanical Technology: Related to processes used in the change of shape of the metal. –Smelting. –General description of machine tools. –Power calculation. –Manufacturing processes. –Maintenance and command systems in machine tools. –Cutting tools. –Gears. –Unconventional processes and special machines, among others.

*Thermodynamics: Related to the existing relations between dynamic (motion) and calorific phenomena (heat).

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