Marine Engineering


Career Objectives

Attend and optimize all types of activities in the naval and maritime area.


Professional Profile

The Marine Engineer is a professional focused on the scientific and technological development of the naval maritime area and the performance in any of its activities, including safety, avoiding contamination and respecting the ecological balance.

He has a global and comprehensive vision of the legal, economic, financial, social and cultural aspects that intervene in the naval problem.

The career presents the following specializations:

Naval Architecture

Marine Machinery

Maritime Transport

The specialization Naval Architecture trains him in the calculation of structures, architecture and shipbuilding. It is the equivalent to the professions of Civil Engineering, Architecture and Civil Construction combined, but aimed at the naval field.

The specialization Marine Machinery trains him in all the machinery required both for the propulsion of the vessel and for different services that require energy within it such as lighting, heating, cooling, load transfer machinery on deck, internal electronic communication, etc. He works as Ship Engineer within the vessel.

The specialization Maritime Transport trains him in coastal and high seas navigation. They are the ones who operate Merchant Navy vessels (Merchant Navy Officer) as Captain.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

Specialization: Naval Architecture

He designs ships and all types of vessels, including the facilities inside them.

He performs the calculation of the ship’s structure and its stability in different loading conditions.

He manages the construction of all types of naval vessels, such as ships, fishing vessels, yachts, recreational boats, rafts and hopper barges.

He designs, calculates and directs the construction of oil platforms, naval reactor projects and port facilities.

He analyzes the behavior, safety and strength of the ship according to regulations that govern in this regard.

He carries out a study of the materials under load and vibration in order to check the characteristics and limitations of the materials used in the construction and repair of vessels.

He takes charge of the direction of the preventive maintenance, repair, modification and/or transformation of small, medium-size and large tonnage ships and vessels.

He organizes the work sequence in the construction, repair and transformation of ships and vessels, allocates roles and resources and controls the rational management of these resources.

He performs the direction of refloating, extraction and dismantling of ships.

He applies relevant safety measures in the construction or repair process. He advises *shipowners in the acquisition and equipment of different types of ships.

He performs inspection of ships, naval vessels, oil platforms, underwater vehicles, etc, for their classification, reclassification and certification of their seaworthiness and effectiveness.

He addresses legal, economic and financial aspects in his area.

He carries out arbitration, skills and *valuations.

He investigates the optimization of Ships and Watercraft Design, modeling and carrying out experiments, collecting data, analyzing this data and using mathematical and computer tools in Naval Hydrodynamics.

He carries out the management and direction of docks, shipyards and workshops.

He deals with the organization and management of shipping companies.

Specialization: Marine Machinery

He designs and calculates the whole propulsion plant of a ship which can use steam, diesel or gas turbines. These propulsion plants are more complex than their terrestrial counterparts because a ship does not have much room for its location and it is subject to oscillatory movements.

He deals with the design of equipment and facilities of *marine auxiliary machinery, with all the systems and subsystems that integrate them.

He manages the installation and commissioning of all the machinery required for navigation, both for propulsion machinery and services carried by the ship.

He takes charge of the total operation of the propulsion plant.

He carries out the supervision and preventive maintenance of the existing machinery on board.

He is responsible for the maintenance of the propulsion plant and all the systems on board the ship such as: Hydraulic Systems (*pumps, circuit of freshwater, saltwater, oil, fuel), *Pneumatic Systems (*compressors, fans, etc.), Thermal Generators (*boilers), Electrical Systems (*generators, heating equipment and installations, air conditioning and cooling), Electronic Systems (*RADAR, *GPS, among others), Mechanical Systems and Safety Equipment.

He reads and interprets mechanical assembly drawings, electrical plans, *boilers and different mechanical parts; and analyze those plans.

He selects the materials for the construction and repair of equipment.

He organizes the work sequence by allocating roles and resources and controls the rational management of the resources.

He supervises the compliance with the safety standards on board and the prevention of marine pollution.

He supervises the work of the lower ranking officers and technicians.

He advises in the purchase of equipment and machinery.

He checks the relevant safety and hygiene measures in the manufacturing and repairing process of systems and components.

Specialization: Maritime Transport

He takes charge of steering the ship, navigation planning and the general control of all the activities carried out in it. He manages, organizes and deals with the personnel training on board ships.

He supervises the crew members.

The position of captain in Merchant Navy allows the command of ships devoted to any kind of navigation, without tonnage limit. Such as:

-Containerships carrying goods and manufactured products.

-Dry cargo ships carrying commodities such as iron and coal.

-Tankers that carry oil and chemical products.

-Cruises for the transport of passengers, tugboats or support vessels for the offshore industry.

He deals with fluvial transport, fishing, oil exploitation and recreational boats.

He operates the navigation instruments available on the bridge of a ship, using propulsion remote controls and machinery systems and services.

He controls and operates ship-port communications and on-board security systems.

He interprets and uses meteorological information obtained from on-board instruments, to take appropriate measures for the voyage.

He respects operation safety in different wind and current conditions, considering stability, propulsion systems and power supply.

He performs appropriate maneuvers and procedures for tasks such as:

-Loading and unloading

-Anchoring

-Buoy Mooring

-Towline

-Docking and undocking

-Transfer

He manages and interprets readings of electronic instruments for navigation, determining the ship’s position, the course, speed and distance during the voyage.

He is responsible for the safety of the passengers, the crew and the vessel.

He applies safety measures for the manipulation and storage of cargo, especially those potentially dangerous.

He studies the behavior of cargo with the movements of the vessel that would affect its stability and *stowage.

He applies safety principles established in the International Safety Code on board, such as:

-Fire Prevention

-Measures to reduce damage in case of fire or explosion on board.

- The control of the risks inherent to the tasks carried out on board.

-Precautions and preliminary action in case of collision or grounding.

-Rescue of people from a damaged vessel or shipwreck.

-Assistance to ships in emergency.

Among others

He coordinates the search and rescue operation.

He manages maritime transport by addressing activities that take place in ports and from the port of origin to the port of destination.


Occupational Field

-Fiscal and private shipyards.

-Shipping companies such as: CSAV, CCNI; EMPREMAR; NISA, NACHIPA, SONAMAR, Ultranav and many others.

*Docks

-Dockyard Workshops

-Naval Workshops

-Dry docks

-Fisheries Sector

-Companies devoted to the commercialization and manufacturing of marine spare parts.

-Metal processing industry.

-Construction and materials industry.

-Public or private organizations that develop control activities or transport policies in ports and maritime terminals.

-Technical Advisory Offices (Shipbuilding Industry)

-Insurance companies

-Maritime and fluvial transport tourism companies

-Universities

-At private company level, independently, in the construction of smaller vessels.


Estimated time of College years

5 years


Main courses considered in the syllabus

Core Curriculum Courses

Mathematics (5 semesters)

Statistics

*Physics (2 semesters)

*Electrotechnics

*Chemistry

*General Mechanics

*Technical Drawing

*Naval Technology (2 semesters)

*Naval Architecture (2 semesters)

*Naval Hydrodynamics

*Marine Propulsion

* Ship Telecommunications

* Maritime Security

*General Economics

*Programming

*Business Administration

*Maritime Law

*Project Evaluation

Technical English (Maritime) (2 semesters)

Advanced English (4 semesters)

Specialty: Naval Architecture

*Vessel Structure (2 semesters)

*Resistance & Propulsion

*Vessel Project and Design (2 semesters)

*Ship Construction

*Maneuverability and Helms

*Applied Software

*Marine Machines

*Marine Auxiliary Machinery

*Maritime Transport

*Shipping Management

Specialty: Marine Machinery

*Marine Machines

*Auxiliary Marine Machines

*Thermodynamics (2 semesters)

*Internal Combustion

*Marine Machinery Laboratory

*Mechanical Technology

*Electronics

*Ship Electronics

Specialty: Maritime Transport

*Maritime Transport

*Marine Meteorology

*Maneuverability and Helms

*Navigation (2 semesters)

*Load and Stowage

*Sea Rescue Operation

*Marine Machines

*Shipping Management


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career

Specialty: Naval Architecture


Interests

-He finds interesting to plan, make and build.

-He is curious and pays attention to daily life, everything built and new things.

-Motivation for mechanical-structural physics and motivation to find solutions to problems that arise.

-Speculate about solving a physical-structural problem with ingenuity.

-Interest in mathematical approaches that describe physical phenomena.

- Greater inclination for the application of knowledge.

-Interest and appreciation for technological advances.

-Appreciation for science in general.


Skills

-Physical and mathematical skills

*Analytical Capacity

*Logical Reasoning

-Inventiveness, skill and ingenuity for the analysis and solution of empirical physical problems.

-Ability to perceive physical phenomena and achieve their interpretation.

-Good spatial location and ease to express graphically.


Vocation

-Desire to create works for the production of goods and services, always dreaming of new ways of doing things better.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

Functional and Practical Personality

Ability to make decisions

Ability to organize and lead work groups

Ease to deal with people with different training, criteria and personality

Good communication with people

Specialty: Marine Machinery


Interests

-Curiosity for Mechanical and Electronic Technology

-Appreciation for Sciences that support technological developments.

-Curiosity for the operation and components of machines or objects that have some mechanism.

-Curiosity and interest in understanding physical principles applied to phenomena such as bodies in motion, gravity, etc.

-Motivation for technological innovation.

-Interest in application and experimentation.

-Interest in understanding the use and operation of mechanisms and machines.

-Motivation for developing projects, designs and physical models.

-Motivation for physical and active work.


Skills

-Mathematical and Physical Skill

-Ability to discover the functioning of mechanisms and machines.

-Ability to perceive and understand physical phenomena expressed in functional mechanisms.

-Visual perception of object in three-dimensional form.

*Analytical Capacity

*Logical Reasoning

-Manual skill

-Ability to perceive and estimate physical dimensions.

-Ability to adapt to new situations and constant changes.

-Ability to interact with people with different languages, training, customs and ways of life.


Vocation

Satisfaction for the creation in application, construction and transformation to achieve something that works and in this sense meets human needs.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

-Availability to work in teams.

-Ability of organization and direction of a work team.

-Healthy level of physical activity.

-Field work

Specialization: Maritime Transport


Interests

-Attraction to the sea.

-Taste for being in contact with nature.

-Interest in physical and active work.

-Interest in managing people.

-Motivation for technology management.


Skills

-Mathematical and Physical skill

-Motor coordination

-Manual work

-Good health

-Ability to adapt to new situations and constant changes.

-Leadership skill

- Ability to interact with people with different languages, training, customs and ways of life.


Vocation

Serve guiding, protecting and helping people in the performance of dangerous work.


Candidate Personality

-Self-confidence

-Moderate

-Observant

-Disciplined


Work Scope

Specialty: Naval Architecture

His field can be shipyards and naval dockyards directing personnel, in ports and office work.

Specialty: Marine Machinery

Work of high physical activity, both in industries on land and on board ships during long ocean routes.

-Direction of people from different countries with different customs and very diverse ways of being.

Specialty: Maritime Transport

Work of high physical activity, both in ports and on board ships during long ocean routes.

- Direction of people from different countries with different customs and very diverse ways of being.


Related Careers

Specialty: Naval Architecture

-Architecture, Civil Engineering, Civil Construction.

Specialty: Marine Machinery

-Navy Officer m/Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electromechanical Engineering, Electronic Engineering.

Specialty: Maritime Transport

Navy Officer m/Navigation

Glossary of Terms

*Shipping Management (Course): Legal framework for the management and operation of ports. –Cargo transport management, planning operations at the lowest cost and with the highest productivity. –Types of contracts used in maritime transport. –Marine insurances and the management of hazardous cargo. –Management of ports, documents and records related to the transportation of goods by sea. –Legal aspects in the negotiation and foreign trade operations. –Types of freight from the customs point of view. –Customs processes in goods issue and receipt through the border of the country. –Use of customs management software, among others.

*Business Management (Course): The administrative process: planning, organization, management and control. –Functional aspects of administration: trading, production units, *finance, personnel. –Personnel Management concepts. –Technical tools related to Human Resource, among others.

*Shipowner: Person or company responsible for equipping and providing crew and maintaining seaworthiness in a vessel owned by him.

*Naval Architecture (Course): Identification of the main parts of the ship. –Comparison of characteristics of merchant ships with smaller vessels. –Identification and characteristics of different merchant ships, by function, size and type of freight they transport, such as: transport of cargo, passengers and other various services. –Ship operation. –Rescue devices (ships and individual devices). –Stability principles and stability calculation and structural stress of the vessel in different load conditions. –Equipment to maintain stability conditions. –Measures in case of the partial loss of buoyancy and trim (how sunken is it bow or stern in relation to its waterline). - Understanding and putting into practice the fundamental measures in case of partial loss of buoyancy without failure, among others.

*Analytical Capacity: Method that focuses the whole and separates it in its basic elements to see the relation between those elements.

*Load and *Stowage (Course) Safe handling procedures, stowage and tie down straps; cargo classification; types of vessels for the transport of different kinds of freight, stowage calculation; loading of solid bulk; liquid bulk; container securing and loading; reefer cargo; hazardous cargo; equipment for the manipulation of cargo; securing of cargo.

*Internal Combustion (Course): Propulsion principles. –Combustion Theory and Detonation. –Injection and engine lubrication. –Fuels and marine lubricants. –Compression ignition engines. - Start-up, operation and care on the progress and stop of the machines. –Maintenance and selection of engines according to their use. - Operation care of a propulsion engine in the sea. –Operation, control and maintenance of different types of internal combustion engines existing on board, among others.

*Convection: Vertical circulation of fluids due to heating of the lower part. When the material is heated, it becomes less dense and rises while the colder and heavier sinks.

*Vessel Construction (Course): Process of construction and repair of ships and facilities. –Characteristics and limitations of the manufacturing process. –Materials used for the construction and repair. –Interpretation of construction drawings. –Types of welding (arc welding, gas welding, welded connections in low-carbon steel) –Welding processes. –Stress in welded structures. –Common failures in welded parts, among others.

*Technical Drawing (Course): Measurements and dimensions with which a vessel part or system is represented. - Standardized symbology used in drawing plans. –Use of tables to determine the actual measurements of the representation. –Projection Methods; dimensioning, scales and formats; cuts, sections and standards, sketch techniques. –Interpretation and reading of structural plans, electrical plans, marine machinery plans, *boilers, etc. –Hydraulic, pneumatic, welding, piping control and others.

*Dock: Part of a port where water is removed and the ships are dry-cleaned or fixed.

*Economics: Science which subject of study is the social organization of the economic activity.

*General Economics (Course): Functioning of the economic system, *microeconomics and *macroeconomics elements, markets basic elements and international economics elements.

*Electronics (Course): Study of electrical circuits that contain transistors, which are devices that carry out functions of amplifier, oscillator, switch or rectifier.

*Ship Electronics (Course): Operations, failure and repair in elements such as radars, echo sounder, VHF and UHF communication equipment, antennas, GPS, electronic control devices, internal communication systems of the ship, control systems and ship management, etc.

*Electrotechnics (Course): Electricity, electromagnetism fundamentals and basic laws of electric current. –Direct current circuits. –Alternating current circuits. –Maintenance principles and electrical tests. –DC generators. –DC motors. –AC motors, *transformers, *alternators and control systems.

*Stowage: Arrangement of freight in safe places so it does not fall.

*Vessel Structure (Course): Structural components of a ship. –Its areas and volumes. –General principles used for the calculation of naval structures, using rational principles of structural theory and computerized methods. –Calculation and design of naval structures.

*Project Evaluation (Course): Study of the cost-benefit ratio the project will have. –Investment, market research, financial analysis, project engineering, expenses, risk analysis, income this will generate.

*Finance: It deals with the collection and determination of the cash flow (inflows or outflows of money) required by the company, in addition to the distribution and management of those funds in order to maximize the economical value of the company.

*Physics (Course): Fluid mechanics: laws and properties of fluids (liquids and gases). –Fluids in motion. -Fundamental equations of fluid dynamics and hydrostatics. –Methodologies to use in the resolution of marine engineering problems, for instance: by solving the equations of fluid dynamics, the stability, propulsion and resistance, maneuverability and behavior at sea of ​​the ship or vessel can be studied numerically.

*Milling Machine: Machine tool with which you can perform a process of manufacturing parts by cutting chips through the movement of a rotating tool with several cutting edges called a milling cutter.

*Naval Hydrodynamics (Course): Study of the hydrodynamic behavior of the ship, that is, when it is subjected to the effect of tides, waves and wind. –The design of its hydrodynamic shape is related to the dimensions of the hull and its forward speed, so that there is a lower resistance to advance due to the effect of water.

*Marine Machinery Laboratory (Course): Operation of machines and tools. –Construction and repair process of equipment. –Characteristics and limitations of the process used for manufacturing and repair. –Materials for construction and repair of equipment and systems. –Interpretation of machinery plans and drawings. –Manufacturing process of systems and components.

*Maritime Law (Course): Maritime Law; International maritime regulations; International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea. - International Convention on Maritime Transport.

*Programming Language: Artificial language created to give instructions to a computer and thus be able to execute a program.

*Macroeconomics: Study of the factors of national economy related to the production and consumption of the country’s wealth and the problems related to employment.

*Maneuverability and Helms (Course): Normal maneuvers maintaining the operating safety limits of the propulsion, steering and energy supply systems. –Wind and current effects and how the ship is steered. -Docking and undocking. –Correct procedures to anchor and moor the ship. -Appropriate procedures for rescue. –Calculation of the ship maneuverability. -Components of a rudder and the forces and stress to which it is subjected, among others.

*Auxiliary Machinery (Course): Support functions for the propulsion system developed by auxiliary machinery on board. –Operation of auxiliary machinery and the corresponding control systems. –Functions of various services the ship requires in its operations, such as: Steering Mechanisms of the Ship, remote controls of the Propulsion Systems and Machinery Services, *Pneumatic and *Hydraulic Systems for the control of On-board Systems, Loading and Unloading Equipment, Cooling Systems, *Steam Turbines, Gas Turbines, *Steam Generators, *Heat engines, *Electric engines, *transformers, *alternators, *boilers, *pumps, *compressors, *bilges, *ballast tanks; Pipes and Accessories, among others.

*Alternator: Device that transform mechanical energy into alternating current.

*Ballast Tanks: Tanks that are filled with water when the ship sails empty, in order to maintain stability.

*Pumps: Mechanical device that serves to make the water or other fluid flow.

*Boiler: Equipment to produce high pressure and high temperature steam, which will then be used to produce electrical energy.

*Compressor: It is a “fluid machine” that provides energy to gas or steam flows that circulate through it increasing its pressure to give it more impulse to its flow.

*Generator: Device capable of transforming some of the numerous energy forms into electrical power. There are many and different types of generators which formation depends largely on the type of energy that is going to be transformed. -For instance, the dynamo, which transforms mechanical energy into direct current; the alternator which produces alternating current.

*Heat Engine: Machine that transforms thermal energy into mechanical power.

*Bilge: It is the lowest compartment on a ship, where water is accumulated to be bailed out (ejected from the ship) by the pumps opportunely.

*Transformer: Electric machine that allows increasing or decreasing the voltage of an alternating current circuit.

*Turbine: Rotating machine that converts kinetic energy of a fluid into mechanical energy.

- Management of the sequence of operation of various equipment and main machinery on board.

- Location of common faults in machines and installations and measures to avoid faults. -Preventive maintenance plans.

*Marine Machinery (Course): Operating principle of naval machinery installed on board: Main engine and auxiliary machines. –General points of main and auxiliary machinery and their structural parts. –Elements that make up the Engine Room. –Structural parts of engines. –Problems and limitations that may arise. –Elements that make up the engine room, their thermodynamic problems and solution proposals. –Proper use of energy provided by fuel.

*General Mechanics (Course): Rest and movement conditions of a body under the action of forces. - Different systems of forces. –Relation between forced applied and movements. –Analysis of the state of charge in any system in static equilibrium. –Distribution of loads applied to a structure. –Friction in mechanical systems. –Stress and deformations, among others.

Classical mechanics is necessary in the application to the ship as a floating body and to attend to physical problems that arise in the movement of weights inside it.

*Marine Meteorology (Course): Composition and physical properties of the atmosphere. –Meteorological phenomena, their interpretation and evaluation. –Weather Service for Navigation. –Meteorological instrumentation used on board. –Local weather assessment, according to weather observations received.

*Microeconomics: Economic analysis related to the individual behavior of consumers, traders, producers, companies and industries, etc.

*Navigation (Course): Interpretation and use of information obtained by means of e-navigation equipment. –Reading, interpretation, use and application of a nautical chart. –Management and use of the electronic navigation systems in a practical way, such as:

*Barometer, necessary in distant seas in which is doubtful to receive weather forecasts, changes in the barometer will show weather changes in a precise way, atmospheric pressure variations and the possible evolution in the next few hours.

*Foghorns to make acoustic signals to boats that come in the same route.

*Compass which function is to show the direction when navigating at any time.

*Nautical Chart; it is a graphic representation of navigable areas and adjacent coastal regions.

It determines geographic coordinates of different points in the sea, shows depths of water and heights of land, natural features of the seabed, details of the coastline, location of lighthouses and other aids for navigation.

*Log, to estimate the speed of a vessel.

*Chartplotter, digital device that is connected to all the ship instrumentation, including autopilot and it has a LCD screen to show a digital *nautical chart where the points of the trajectory are fixed to start a route.

It shows the current position of the ship, its speed, route, the course that has been drawn and distance to any other point located on the chart.

This way it allows steering the ship to a certain point of the sea, decide the course that must be taken to reach the desired destination and where to go to pass safely through a strait; see on the screen merchant ships moving through the area simultaneously.

When connecting the Chartplotter to the equipment that provides updated meteorological data, you can see the meteorology of the area displayed by the nautical chart, the current tide with its evolution in the next few hours, animations of currents showing their strength and direction, and thus have a better understanding of the places that may represent hazards for navigation.

*Eco sounder, to determine the vertical distance between the seabed and a certain part of the ship’s hull. That way, you know the depth while navigating so as not to run aground.

*VHF and UHF equipment, for transmission and reception, necessary to request information, ask for advice to captaincy when entering unknown ports, or in case of emergency to ask for help.

*G.P.S. (Global Positioning System) It receives the satellite signal and marks on the nautical chart the exact position in which the ship is located and indicates the direction to follow to reach a certain point.

*Autopilot, where the ship has to steer the same course.

*Radar that allows determining the presence, location, direction and speed of static or moving objects at sea, such as ships or obstacles en route.

It is used mainly in low visibility conditions, fog, rain or darkness at night or to be close to the coast.

*Weather Receiver, device that receives the weather forecast in a specific area. There are public security services that communicate weather bulletins, maps and meteorological data that can be received in any part of the world. -It reports on wind and its intensity changes, atmospheric pressure, average wave height and direction.

- Classic Navigation Procedure.

The Chartplotter depends on a power source and a good reception of signals from several satellites, so it is necessary as security in case of power failure or satellite information to have basic notions to be oriented with the compass, traditional nautical charts on paper and classic procedures in the use of the stars as reference points to know the location of the ship.

*Sea Rescue Operation (Course): Internationally established emergency procedures, terms, codes and notification methods, apply the safety principles established in the International Safety Management Code on board. –International standards that regulate search and rescue operations, contingency plans to respond to emergencies, provide assistance, coordination in the accident location, emergency on board. –Functions and use of rescue devices. –Survival skills in the sea.

*Programming (Course):  Design and development of programs firstly in an algorithmic language (sequences of steps to be followed by the program) to later translate it into a *programming language. –Use of basic computer tools such as: Word, Excel, PowerPoint and Outlook.

*Vessel Project and Design (Course): Project development and design of ships seeking the optimization of shapes of different types of vessels, considering stability, propulsion, strength and behavior at sea. –Pilot testing in Navigation laboratory and mathematical calculations in the study of shapes of ships and their behavior at sea. *Sustainability criteria and considerations of national and international regulations that govern in this regard.

*Marine Propulsion (Course): Propellers and their performance analysis. –Tests of ship models in the Ship Model Basin watching how the ship behaves overcoming a resistance for that it needs propulsion (usually a propeller driven by a motor).

*Chemistry (Course): Concepts and principles of general chemistry. –Description of matter properties, knowledge and use of materials. –Strength of materials. –Characteristics and limitations of materials used for the construction and repair of vessels and equipment. –Corrosion processes and changes in physical and chemical characteristics of fuels associated with chemical reactions and their relation with steam pressure and temperature. –Gas behavior oriented to the behavior of gases transported by the sea, among others.

*Logical Reasoning: It is captured through the observation of a reality, a drawing, a diagram, the functioning of something, behavior, etc. Ability to analyze proposals or complex situations, predict consequences and be able to solve the problem in a consistent way.

*Resistance & Propulsion (Course): Theoretical foundations of the hydrodynamic and aerodynamic components of the ship resistance. –Main coefficients in propulsion. -Calculation of total resistance curves and calculation of effective power curves for test conditions at sea and service.

*Maritime Security (Course): Risk prevention principles and techniques, accident classification, risk control methods, industrial hygiene, fire prevention on board and the corresponding legal provisions. –Risks and potential loss that may happen on board; established norms and techniques to control risks inherent to tasks carried out on board; emergency situations in the different areas of the ship; risk control management both on board and on the ground.

*Pneumatic Systems: Systems that use compressed air as a way of transmitting the energy needed to move and operate mechanisms. –Air is an elastic material and therefore, when applied a force, it compresses, maintains this compression and will return the accumulated energy when it is allowed to expand.

*Applied Software (Course): Use of software and hardware available for specific application in the design and construction of vessels. –Description and solution of Naval Engineering problems through computer programming.

*Sustainability: *Sustainable: Remain or sustain economically over time.

*Valuation:*Value: Determine the price or value of something.

*Mechanical Technology (Course): Use of *lathe machine, shaper, cutting tools, *milling machine. –Maintenance of machine tools, installation and safe operations of machines. –Selection of machines tools for a particular task. –Welding processes. –Stress in welded structures. –Types of welding (arc welding, gas welding, welded connections in low-carbon steel) -Common failures in welded parts. –Working practices and relevant safety measures to develop a safe work, among others.

*Naval Technology (Course): -Naval concepts and terminology. –Identification and characteristics of the different merchant vessels, by function, regarding their size and type of freight they transport; structural parts of merchant ships; Comparison of the structural characteristics of merchant ships with other types of vessels; Safety elements, rescue devices and fire equipment; survival crafts, among others.

*Ship Telecommunications (Course): Description and use of the telecommunications system and the main equipment and electronic systems on board a ship.

*Thermodynamics: Part of physics in charge of studying phenomena related to heat.

*Thermodynamics (Course): *Thermodynamics principles. –Heat conduction, *convection and radiation processes. –Applications to gas mixture, combustion and heat transfer phenomena. –Most relevant thermodynamic cycles in power and refrigeration plants. –Industrial production of heat and design of heat exchangers, among others.

*Maritime Transport (Course): Role and functions that ports perform in international transport. –Ports and maritime terminals infrastructure. –Port operations. –Types of cargo. –Stowage, transport and movement of freight, among others.

*Lathe: Machine tool that molds round pieces of metal or wood.

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