Agronomy


Career Objectives

Support the technology changes in the *farming industry, optimizing the production efficiency permanently, in a form consistent with the environment preservation.


Professional Profile

Professional in pursuit of more efficient technology to achieve new food sources, to cope with a sustained growth of the world population, an indiscriminate use of water, an irrational land use and disease emergence in animals.

He is prepared to create, administer and optimize agricultural production systems, *farming and *forestry ones.

He knows the biological factors that influence the agricultural production and about methods and cultivation practices which allow for maximizing the production’s performance and quality, at the lowest cost and with the least environmental impact.

This career offers intermediate egress as Agricultural Technician.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

-He prepares agricultural and livestock development plans.

-He designs agricultural policies at a local, regional and national level.

-He plans, manages and administers the production of agricultural and livestock companies.

-He implements technology to agricultural processes.

-He performs quality controls in agricultural product processing plants.

-He performs quality controls of agribusiness processes.

-He elaborates, plans, directs and evaluates productive development and investigational projects.

-He does studies about Productive Innovation.

-He carries out studies about Natural Resources Management.

-He works on crop science and testing, looking for the improvement of the agricultural performance in aspects such as variety, quality, crop rotation, fertilizer use and disease control and plague control.

-He performs culture laboratory tests, to know in which conditions their large-scale productions are glimpsed, for instance, germination test and vegetable and grain seed cultivation to know the germination rate they have; that is, how many seeds, of one hundred planted one by one in small pots, sprouted to produce small plants of few centimeters or tests to find out if the plant is able to regenerate itself as of the extraction of a piece of its stem.

-He performs culture tests in small-scale production greenhouses, where the temperature and humidity can be controlled to achieve a good performance.

-He solves problems in healthcare of agricultural and fruit crops. (Plague control) applying science and technology.

-He studies production areas for different crops, date for sowing, harvest date, yield per hectare, etc.

-He makes use of software which involves meteorological information to forecast irrigation frequency, risk of frost, risk of attack by plagues or vermin and others.

-He provides technical support to producers and agricultural companies.

-He designs plans and *implements production systems.

-He works on-site, directing the production activities and monitoring the personnel.

-He organizes work teams.

-He conducts and oversees the production plan development.

-He performs sales management of the production.

-He takes part in the *formulation, assessment and implementation of investment projects.


Occupational Field

-Agricultural or *Livestock primary production companies.

-Agroindustries of processing raw materials of agricultural origin, such as dehydrators, canners, refrigerators, winemakers, meat and dairy.

-Fruit, vegetable, or livestock product exporting companies.

-Seed producing and exporting companies.

-Input and agricultural equipment producing and commercializing companies.

-Agrochemicals manufacturing and commercializing companies.

-Banks and financial institutions.

-Supermarkets.

-Process and product quality certification companies.

-Consultancy specialized in management and technology.

-In divisions and State services such as Agriculture and Livestock Service, Institute of Agricultural Development, Agricultural Planning Board, among others.

-Scientific and Technological Research Institutions, both public as private ones.

-Public or private service institutions of the environmental management area.

-Universities and higher education institutions.

-Free practice of the profession as agribusiness companies’ managers, of agricultural estates, greenhouses and even, adventure tourism.


Estimated time of College years:

5 years

Main courses considered in the curriculum.

Basic Training Courses

Mathematics (3 semesters)

Botany

Microbiology

Biochemistry and Laboratory

Chemistry and Laboratory

Professional Training Courses

Ecosystems and Diversity

*Plant Physiology

*Soil Science

Irrigation and Soil Fertility

*Plant Pathogens/Pathology and Pest Control

*Equipment to the preparation, sowing and harvest

Plant Production

Fruit Production

Postharvest Technology

Agricultural Production Workshop

*Viticulture

Natural Resource Management and Conservation

Sustainable Agriculture

*Animal Physiology

*Animal Production Methods

*Animal Nutrition

*Reproduction Techniques

Agribusiness Production

Quality Management

*Biostatistics

Agricultural Process Management

Complementary Training Courses

Principles of Economics

Accounting and Costs

Project Evaluation

Agricultural Company Management

Specialties

*Phytotechnics, Plant Health, Fruit Growing, Agribusiness,*Enology, Animal production, Soil and water management, Agrarian economy and Administration.


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career


Interests

-Inclination for natural sciences

-Appreciation by Sciences.

-Social and productive interest.

-Interest in the environment preservation.

-Desires to apply in his knowledge in a practical way, producing and making use of technology.

-Curiosity for animal and plant breeding.

-Motivation for the planning and implementation of projects.

-Taste for staying in outdoor spaces and in contact with nature.

-Interest in practical solutions.


Skills

-Ability to plan and organize activities.

-Naturalist Intelligence, that is, the ability to perceive, observe and identify differences and similarities among members of species or of different kinds, as well as existing relations between them.

-Innovation ability.


Vocation

For an increased and better productive development of plants and animals, granting greater welfare to community; and without damaging the environment.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

Functional and Practical personality

Ease to treat people with different preparation, criteria and tempers.

Availability to work in team

Leadership and decision making ability.


Related Careers

Forest Engineering, Aquacultural Engineering, Veterinary, Agricultural Technician


Work Scope

You can work in an office in management tasks, in laboratory or in rural regions, moving to one place to another, often under adverse physical conditions and environments.


*Glossary of Terms

*Farming: That is has relation with agriculture and livestock.

*Biostatistics: Application of statistics to biological issues.

*Soil Science: Science which studies soil in its composition, structure, classification, formation and agricultural potential.

*Enology: The science, method and art of producing wine.

*Equipment to the preparation, sowing and harvest (Course):

Agricultural tractor; Tillage machines;

-Machines for the establishment and fertilization of crops.

-Machines for the protection of crops.

-Machines for *fodder harvest

-Machines for grain harvest

-Machines for seed cleaning and classification.

-Methods for its use and maintenance.

*Plant Physiology: Plant physiology is the science which studies plants parts and functions.

*Plant Pathogen: Plant microorganism which has the property of producing disease in human beings, animals or plants.

*Phytotechnics: Technology in plant management.

*Animal Physiology (Course):

Anatomy of the reproductive system:

Female and male genital organs: description and anatomical features of each sex.

-Physiology of the female reproductive system:

Gestation: duration in the different species.

Birth: division of the phases of birth, signs of imminent birth. Lactation.

-Physiology of the male reproductive system: functions of the organs of the reproductive system

-Anatomical features and description of the different organs of the digestive system.

-Physiology of the digestive system: Functions of the organs of the digestive system.

-Characteristics of the digestive process.

-Physiology of the ruminant fore stomach and rumination.

Food: definitions and classification.

(Energetic and non energetic)

Birds: anatomy and physiology of the digestive and reproductive system.

Diseases and plagues: common diseases to the different production systems.

-Prevention and Control.

*Formula: Formulate: To express something in clear and precise terms.

*Implement: Put into operation or carry out a specific idea.

*Animal Production Methods (Course): Facilities, healthcare and management.

-Daily management in the different production stages.

-Anatomical conformation: meat – bone – fat – derivatives.

-Production systems and technological alternatives.

- Milk production technologies.

- Production curves.

*Animal Nutrition (Course):

Forage and Pastures.

-Appropriate age and weight as per breed.

-Main fodder crops and their use.

-Foods quantity and quality.

-Digestibility of the different fodder crops.

-Pastures ability to satisfy the animal’s requirements.

-Fodder’s bearing in the ingestion and digestibility.

-Forage resource management in the milk production.

-Dairy cow feeding in its different conditions: lactation and dried.

-Forage resource management in the meat production.

-Rotational Grazing. Methods and management.

*Livestock: relative to cattle farming.

*Forestry: Silviculture: Technique of the cultivation and work of the forests. Forest exploitation.

*Reproduction Techniques (Course):

Management of the different stages of breeding:

-Reproduction, Gestation, Births, Lactation, Weaning, Development and Completion.

-Estrous synchronization. Notions of artificial insemination and embryo transfer.

-Strategies to achieve high conception rates.

-Healthcare in reproduction.

-Management and feeding in pre-birth

-Feeding of calves at the foot of the mother.

-Genetic Improvement

*Viticulture: Relative to wines.

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