Metallurgical Engineering


Career Objectives

Manufacture materials and products with more quality and economy and create new products to meet the demands of the industry, the environment and health.


Professional Profile

The metallurgical engineer or materials engineer is based on the physical properties of materials and ensures these can be used whether for construction, machinery, tools or any other product necessary or required by society.

He addresses the areas of *extractive metallurgy and mineral processing and refining of *metals from their *minerals, as well as their processing to obtain a finished product in the desired shape, properties and quality.

He processes metals and *alloys, ceramic, plastic, *composite and melted materials, among others.

He masters advanced production and processing techniques, in addition to new production processes.

He has knowledge of the *atomic and *molecular structure of matter and the properties, behavior and use of all kinds of materials. -General knowledge on administration, accounting, finance as well as ecology.

With the progress in knowledge, the development of new materials, together with technological development, new more sophisticated and specialized products are required.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

He addresses the stages of creation and operation of *metallurgical industries.

He manages the processes of obtaining materials, planning and supervising the procedures to separate the mineral required from the material extracted from the mine and the metal processing procedures from minerals.

-All this on a commercial scale, in other words, they are in sufficient quantities so that their commercial value is greater than the expense incurred in their extraction and processing.

He performs commercial management and marketing of material production and processing companies or industries with high incidence of the material in their products and services.


Occupational Field

*Mining-Metallurgy Industries

*Metalworking Industry

Plastics, fibers, *polymers, conventional ceramic materials, *refractory materials and advanced ceramics companies.

*Petrochemical Industries

Chemical Industries

Automotive, Railway and Transport companies in general

Thermal or nuclear energy production plants

Automotive, Aeronautical, Shipbuilding and Aerospace Industries

Research Centers

Universities and Education Institutions with similar interests

Consultancies and free exercise of the profession


Estimated time of College years

5 years


Main courses considered in the syllabus

Basic Training Courses

Mathematics (4 semesters)

Physics (2 semesters) (Heat and Waves; Electromagnetism)

Chemistry (2 semesters)

Professional Training Courses

*Materials Science

* Materials Characterization

Materials Selection

Materials Workshop (4 semesters)

Metals

*Ceramics

*Polymers

Corrosion

*Non-ferrous Alloys

*Mechanical Metallurgy

Industrial Furnaces

Heat Treatments

Operations and Metallurgical Processes (3 semesters)

Foundry Engineering Workshop

Manufacturing Processes

Technical Drawing

Optimization and Process Simulation

Management and Control of Metal Production

*Industrial Engineering

Complementary Training Courses

Computer Science

Environmental Science

Project Evaluation and Management

Specialties

Production

Manufacturing

Extraction


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career


Interests

-Special interest and curiosity for Inorganic Chemistry.

-Interest in the application of technology.

-Motivated by production.

-Appreciation for scientific and technical knowledge.

-Motivation for Organization and Management.

-Interest in application and experimentation.


Skills

-Spatial imagination. Visualization of functioning (this will allow him to anticipate difficulties or diagnose problems)

-Ability to think in mathematical terms and be able to handle the language of this science.

-Spatial imagination. –Draw a physical system in his mind and visualize it in operation. This will allow him to operate a new plant and anticipate difficulties and diagnose problems fictitiously.

-Ease to apply his knowledge to other situation in which they are appropriate.

-Logical problem solving.


Vocation

-Motivation to apply, build and transform.

-Satisfaction for the transformation of natural resources into usable products for people in order to meet human needs and the improvement of life quality.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

-Practical and functional personality.

-Sense of organization and methodology when performing a task.

-Ability to make decisions.

-Ability to organize and lead work groups.

-Ease to treat people with different training, criteria and personality.

-Good relationships with people.


Work Scope

Industrial and Managerial Work

Personnel Management


Related Careers

-Chemical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering.

Glossary of Terms

*Alloys: They are metallic materials that are made up of several mixed substances, where at least one of them is a metallic substance.

*Non-ferrous Alloys: Ferrous alloys have iron as their main alloy metal, whereas non-ferrous alloys have a metal different from iron, such as: Aluminum, Magnesium, Copper, Nickel, among others.

*Materials Characterization: It is the establishing of physical properties (such as electric and magnetic properties, thermal expansion and conductivity, etc), mechanical properties (elasticity, strength, hardness, ductility, fatigue strength, etc) of a material to determine its possible applications.

*Materials Science: Science that studies the relation between the structure and the properties of materials.

*Atomic Structure: How the atom of a material is made. This structure allows us to interpret the similarities and differences between the chemical properties of elements.

*Molecular Structure: It is the three-dimensional arrangement of atoms that make up a molecule.

*Metalworking Industry: Industry focused on the creation of products from different types of materials.

*Metallurgic Industries: Industries devoted to the manufacturing processes of materials and products manufactured with them.

* Mining-Metallurgy Industry: Mining industry devoted to the extraction of elements and minerals from which metals are obtained.

*Petrochemical Industry: Industry devoted to the extraction of chemical substances that are produced by fossil fuels. Examples of these chemicals are: methane, propane, butane, gasoline, etc.

*Industrial Engineering: Engineering that determines, designs, specifies and analyzes the systems whether productive or for services and evaluates their results.

*Ceramic Materials: non-metallic materials formed by the effect of heat such as traditional clays used in pottery, bricks, tiles, as well as cement and glass, among others.

*Composite Materials: They are engineering materials, such as epoxy, polyester, acrylic resin, etc, that are combinations of different materials.

*Refractory Materials: Materials that can withstand extremely high temperature without losing their strength, such as ceramic materials.

*Metals: Materials characterized by being good conductors of heat and electricity. Example: Stainless steel, aluminum, bronze, gold, silver, etc.

*Extractive Metallurgy: Procedures to separate the mineral required from the material extracted from the mine, and the processes for making metals from minerals.

*Mechanical Metallurgy: Discipline devoted to the study and understanding of stress phenomena and deformation of metal bodies.

*Minerals: Natural and inorganic substances that are part of the earth’s crust (Gold, silver, copper, zinc, etc.).

*Polymers: Organic compounds formed by macromolecules, that are the union of smaller molecules called monomers. For instance: Polyethylene, polystyrene, polypropylene.

Organic Compounds: Carbon combinations with the other elements of the periodic table.

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