Chemical Engineering 


Career Objectives

Support the industrial sector, both chemical processing plants and extractive and mineral processing industries, always ensuring the preservation the environment.


Professional Profile

This professional creates and optimizes industrial processes corresponding to chemical, biochemical and/or physical processing of raw materials, determining their production technology and achieving high standards of quality requirements. -All this respecting economic, social and environmental factors.

The Chemical Engineer creates the plants that produce materials or products the society needs.

For instance, research chemists invented synthetic fibers, however, Chemical Engineers are the ones who designed the plants that produce them at reasonable cost and that allow their extensive use.

He develops, selects and adapts technology, procedures and chemical processes or modifies the existing ones to improve efficiency and productivity.

He directs the operations of these chemical plants, manages personnel, goods and services and applies computing and information technology in his specific field.

He has engineering training. He has scientific and technological knowledge. He understands and assimilates scientific and technological developments in the field of chemistry.

He is able to work as a team, with initiative, leadership in the performance of his profession to meet the established objectives of productivity and quality.

He also has administrative know-how that allows him to advise different industries of the sector technically and commercially.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

He designs the transformation process of raw material into a finished product of greater added value.

He determines and performs sizing of equipment to be used.

He carries out the economic assessment of the process.

He models, simulates, optimizes and designs the automatic control of the process.

He supervises the installation, commissioning and operation of equipment and processes of the chemical plant, according to ecologic, hygienic and safety standards.

He manages human, material, economic and financial resources of the plant.

He supervises the production: Is the product within the expected purity ranges? Is the production level in line with the sale agreements? How much is it costing to produce the product? Is it within the expected ranges? Which section of the production or equipment limitations are causing problems? Which personnel problems are limiting production? etc.

He prepares, manages and evaluates new chemical projects.

He performs the study, treatment and strict control of waste arising from industrial processes, evaluating environmental impact.

He develops methods or processes to produce new products industrially, improve the existing ones and at a lower cost. This research is done on a laboratory scale and developing it involves the operation of a pilot plant.

In the design of a plant, he performs detailed and complex calculations based on theoretical data and research and development reports. He must deliver specifications and supervise plans.


Occupational Field

-Oil refineries

-Pulp and paper plants, polymers

-Metallic and non-metallic Mining

-Bioprocess Industries

-Food Industries

-Pharmaceutical Industries

-Fermentation Industry

-Fishing Industries

-Agroindustry

-Metallurgical Industries

-Cement Industries

-Explosives Industries

-Textile Industries

-Painting Industries

-Detergent Industries

-Waste treatment plants.

-Higher Education institutions.

-Consultancy Companies.

-As independent professionals in the design and development of scientific and technological project.


Estimated time of College years

5 years or more

Main courses considered in the program

Basic Training Courses

*General Chemistry; Chemistry Laboratory; Algebra; *Inorganic Chemistry I,II,III; *Calculus I,II; *Physics I,II; *Organic Chemistry I,II; *Analytical Chemistry I,II; *Physical Chemistry I,II,III; *Instrumental Analysis; Organic Chemistry Laboratory; Computer Applications; *Electrochemistry; *Biochemistry.

Professional Training Courses

Applied Analytical Chemistry; Prevention of Professional Risks; *Industrial Operation, Applied Organic Chemistry; *Unit Operations I,II; *Metallurgical Processes; *Chemical Waste Management, Applied Inorganic Chemistry; Unit Operations Laboratory; Industrial Electrochemistry.

Complementary Training Courses

- Marketing of Instruments and Chemical Supplies

-Accounting and Costs.


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career


Interests

-Interest in technological application.

-Appreciation for Sciences.

-Motivation to produce.

-Taste for organization.

-Interest in quantifying facts.

-Motivation for developing projects, designs and physical modeling.


Skills

-Ability to think in mathematical terms and be able to handle with ease the language of this science.

-Spatial imagination. –Draw a physical system in his mind and visualize it in operation. This will allow him to operate a new plant and anticipate difficulties and diagnose problems fictitiously.

-Ability to deal with unusual problems.

-Ease to apply his knowledge to other situations in which they are appropriate.

-Logical Thinking. –Be able to organize thoughts logically. -Systematic treatment of facts and logical problem solving.

-Ability to distribute attention in numerous relevant details and to solve varied situations.

-Power of persuasion.


Vocation

-Motivation for the use of natural resources in order to meet human needs and improve the quality of life.

-Satisfaction for application, construction and transformation.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

-Practical sense.

-Adaptability to work in groups.

-Good human relations.

-Self-confidence.

-Tolerance in treatment.

-Authority in front of a group.


Work Scope

Industrial

Personnel Management


Related Careers

-Environmental Engineering, Chemical Technology, Bachelor’s degree in Chemistry, Bioprocess Engineering, Chemical Laboratory Technician, Chemistry and Pharmacy, Metallurgical Engineering.

Glossary of Terms

*Instrumental Analysis: It studies the principles and applications of instrumental methods of optical and electrochemical analysis, among others.

*Biochemistry: It studies the chemical composition of living beings and the main processes that take place in them but at molecular level, that is, their chemical transformations, for instance: the way in which food and other materials are used in the body.

*Calculus: Mathematics.

*Electrochemistry: Study of the electronic and electrical aspects of chemical reactions.

*Physics: Classical mechanics, waves, heat, electricity, optics, among others.

*Chemical Waste Management: Regulations of solid, liquid and gaseous waste management, to reduce the environmental impact they produce.

*Industrial Operation: Knowledge of the equipment and materials with which a chemical plant operates and the management of energy with which they work. In addition to the knowledge of the steps to be followed since the project of the plant is done, calculating its investment, until the moment it starts operating.

*Unit Operations: They are each of the actions necessary in the raw material processing, whether their transformation and/or adaptation process (chemical and physical processes) as well as the actions necessary to carry out their transport.

*Metallurgical Processes: Study of the various industrial processes conductive to obtaining high purity metal, related to the production of copper, silver and gold.

*Analytical Chemistry: Analysis and interpretation of chemical reactions. -Analysis techniques that allow identifying the constituents of different samples quantitatively and qualitatively (what elements compose it and in what proportion they are).

*Physical Chemistry: Physical chemistry studies materials in terms of thermodynamic, kinetic and quantum chemistry behavior of their atoms and molecules. The chemical thermodynamic behavior is the study of the energy at atomic and molecular level. Chemical kinetic behavior is the study of the speed of chemical reactions. Quantum chemistry performs the study in terms of optical, electrical, magnetic and mechanical properties at the atomic and molecular level.

*General Chemistry: Subject that deepens knowledge acquired in high school: properties of matter, atoms and elements, nomenclature, atomic structure, chemical bond, ionic bonding, state of matter, among others.

*Inorganic Chemistry: Study of the formation, composition, structure and reactions of chemical elements and their compounds found in nonliving matter.

*Organic Chemistry: Study of the molecules that contain carbon and that are found in living being.

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