Aquacultural Engineering


Career Objectives

Perform scientific and technological research in the farming of aquatic species of commercial importance at productive levels and new species possible to grow successfully, protecting the environmental balance and related natural resources.


Professional Profile

Professional devoted to the artificial selection of aquatic animals and plants, in confined and controlled systems which allow to optimize the biological processes in order to obtain a product of the highest satisfaction of the market.

This professional covers three main fields: Engineering, biology and administration.

He evaluates aquaculture production systems, providing technically and economically *feasible solutions to aquaculture activity.

He is qualified to address:

-The design, installation, organization, operation and control of hydrobiological resource farming systems.

-Tasks related to the research, development, management and preservation of natural resources and the environment related to aquaculture.

- The administration and business management of aquaculture centers.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

-He establishes cultivation centers.

-He designs the facilities (tanks, ponds, cages and parks), determines the correct location of the different sections and elements of the farm, its water and air distribution facilities, water treatment and recycling, collection and pumping, decantation and filtration, purification and disinfection, heating and cooling, airing and oxygen injection, recirculation, etc.

-He plans, controls and performs the operations needed for aquaculture production, applying farming techniques established in each case (mollusks, crustaceans or fish).

-He controls and regulates the environmental and nutrition requirements of the farming.

-He organizes the personnel needed for each stage of the farm’s biological cycle.

-He establishes the selection criteria of the species to be cultivated, such as *anatomical, *physiological, bioecological and economic requirements.

-He deals with the reproduction, larval culture and juveniles in controlled environment laboratories.

-He determines larval quality assessment criteria through microscopic examination.

-He oversees doses, diets, periodicity and methods of food supply according to the stage of the farming development.

-He evaluates its growth.

-He monitors the assembly of auxiliary equipment (pumps, aerators, heaters, mangers, filters and sterilization equipment); measures and equipment for safety and prevention of failures; basic hygienic and environmental conditions of the facilities of the cultivation.

-He supervises packaging and transport conditions in appropriate and standardized hygienic conditions.

-He studies different *marketing channels.

-He must adapt to current regulations in the subject matter, as well as work safety, hygiene and environmental protection standards.

-He conducts research on biology, farming and propagation of marine animals and plants, both native and introduced.

-He evaluates *economic feasibility in the farming of new species.

-He carries out the repopulation of overexploited and developing areas, that is, the farming of fish, mollusks and algae.

-He investigates new processes and products for food/nutrition of aquatic species.

-He incorporates *biotechnology and the genetic improvement in species.

-He investigates cleaner technologies for aquaculture activity.


Occupational Field

-Productive companies in areas of marine biology, fishery, aquaculture, food for aquatic organisms.

-State companies (in administration of cultivation centers, organization of production processes, animal or plant production, and environmental impact studies of cultures, etc).

-Institutions related to the conservation and preservation of marine and freshwater resources.

-Laboratories and Consulting firms which provide professional service in the field of management, processes and commercialization.

-Teaching and Research in universities.

-Biotechnology Research Centers

- Entrepreneur at the level of small, medium or large company, in the fishing and/or aquaculture industry, as a consultant to private or state companies.

-Practice the profession independently (technical support, consultancies, project evaluation, etc).


Estimated time of College years

5 years


Main courses considered in the syllabus 

Basic Training Courses

-Mathematics (3 levels), Fundamentals of Biology, Physics, Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, *General and Analytical Chemistry.

Professional Training Courses

-Ecology and Environment, Oceanography, Fishery Resource Assessment, Invertebrate Biology, Fish Biology, Fish Farming, Crustacean Farming, Algaculture, Shellfish Aquaculture, Feed & Nutrition, Genetics, *Hydraulics, Strength of Materials, *Biostatistics, Machinery and Equipment, Agricultural Engineering (3 levels).

Complementary Training Courses

Swimming and Diving, Economics, Business Administration, Statistical Methods.

Specialties

-Basic Biological Research

-Technological Innovation

-Environment and population management

-Economics and Legislation.

-Harvest and postharvest.


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career 


Interests

-Appreciation for Science

-His interest is focused towards the natural world and living organisms.

-Desire to apply his knowledge of the environment in a practical way, producing and making use of technology.

-Curiosity for anatomy and cell biology.

-Interest in the sea and marine resources.

-Curiosity for animal and plant breeding.

-Motivation for the planning and implementation of projects.


Skills

Naturalist Intelligence, that is, the ability to perceive, observe and identify differences and similarities among members of a species or of different kinds, as well as the existing relations between them.

-Analysis capacity.

-Understanding of physics, mathematics and chemistry.

-Manual skill.

-Planning and organization skills in the selection, order, classification and recognition of the sequences of development of a work.


Vocation

Desire for service and personal fulfillment achieved through productive work and the application of knowledge, especially biological.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

-Organized

-Methodical

-Patient

-Detail-oriented

-Fieldwork


Work Scope

-Laboratory work and fieldwork, shipment.

-He needs good health to withstand varied weather conditions outdoors that are faced in field and the sea.


Related Careers

Fisheries Management, Marine Biology, Marine Ecology, Aquaculture Technician, Biotechnology, Agronomy, Veterinary Medicine.


*Glossary of Terms

*Anatomical: Anatomy: Study of the structure of organisms.

*Physiological: Physiology: Study of bodily functions.

*Feasible: Possible to carry out.

*Marketing Channels: ways to get products from the producer to the consumer.

*Biotechnology: Technology applied to biological processes.

*Hydraulics: Part of mechanics that studies the movement of fluids or liquids.

*Biostatistics: Science that applies statistics analysis to problems and subjects of study of biology.

*Analytical Chemistry: Study focused on discovering the elements of a substance and in which proportion they are present.

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