Forest Engineering


Career Objectives

-The good use and exploitation of forest resources.


Professional Profile

This professional meets the requirements of the forest resource management.

He applies technical and scientific knowledge to the exploitation, preservation and rational use of forests and related resources, as well as soil, water and fauna.

He watches over that there is a perfect balance between the economic and ecological matters, ensuring that the natural resources are maintained.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

Spatial Planning

He carries out spatial planning plans.

He interprets and handles cartographic and satellite information related to the management of natural resources.

He performs studies to measure forests and the trees that inhabit them and the laws that govern their evolution.

He monitors forests at regional, departmental and farm level.

He carries out soil mapping for a classification of land use, such as:

Natural and planted forests,

Wooded hills and lands covered with grass,

Wetlands,

Hunting areas,

Protected areas,

Roads and forest roads,

Recreation areas

He manages natural spaces, their flora and fauna.

He carries out planning and management tasks for *river basins.

He conducts inventories of crops from natural spaces.

Forestry Production

He formulates and evaluates *sustainable forest investment projects, considering ecological, economic and social aspects.

He develops new production options for the native forest, according to socioeconomic and environmental criteria.

He plans, organizes, directs and controls the forest production:

He carries out the planning and management of forestry operations, making use according to its potential.

He conducts the forest activity such as cultivation of plantation, *deforestation and renewal of timber trees.

He establishes *productive diversification strategies.

He uses cutting edge methodology that allows the natural or induced regeneration of forests, thus increasing the production.

He organizes and trains to the actors that intervene in forest activities.

He improves the forest production:

He detects the best variety of seeds for plantation purposes, such as volume, shape and wood characteristics, growth, pest and disease resistance and unfavorable conditions of the environment (droughts, floods, and low temperatures), *resin production, among others. These are improvements in forest species that essentially have good quality of wood.

He performs programs for the Genetic Improvement of Forest Species that consist of the development of genetically superior *populations or *individuals.

He creates *genetic variability by using the hybrid production method, which is product of the controlled crossing between species.

He is in charge of the mass and continuous production of improved material by carrying out successive cycles of selection, crossing and cloning of outstanding individuals in experimental testing, with the purpose of converting them into Seed Orchards.

He evaluates and selects individuals or seeds introduced from other regions of origin or other improvement programs.

Thanks to genetic improvement, he achieves *individuals adapted to the conditions of the cultivation area, such as soil type, weather condition and altitude; higher productivity per hectare; better product quality and lower harvesting costs and/or industrial processes.

He performs the study of land use according to its characteristics for forestry development.

He carries out technical plans related to the rational use of non-timber by-products of the forest such as *resins, fungi, fruit and medicinal, aromatic and industrial plants.

He manages the harvest and transport in the wood transformation processes, maximizing the economic benefits.

He advises on the transformation processes of forest products to generate *value added.

Protection of the Environment

He develops environmental study regarding:

Preservation of natural spaces

Wild flora and fauna for the preservation of *biodiversity

*Fluvial ecology and quality of water

Nitrogen Fixation

Natural and industrial risks and their consequences for the environment

Ecological assessment of potential wild areas for preservation

Management and rational use of water, soil and air

Knowledge, formation and improvement of native forests

Among others

He carries out the recovery of degraded ecosystems.

He evaluates environmental impacts caused by forest activities.

He designs plans and develops fire protection techniques.

He performs prevention, diagnosis, treatment and control of pests and diseases.

He prepares and manages projects related to reforestation, that is, the restocking of areas in which in the past were covered with forests, and that have been removed for diverse reasons.

He participates in the planning, direction and execution of the study and assessment of environmental impact of development project that involve natural resources.

He promotes the *sustainable management of forest ecosystems.

Constructions

He plans, designs, directs, maintains and improves forest and environmental structures, such as:

*Sawmills

Greenhouses

Hydraulic works such as dams and channels

Forest nursery

Silos and warehouses

Perimeter fences

Soil movements and machinery

Outdoor recreational facilities

*Measurement of forest lands

Among others

Management

He plans, directs and/or advises timber and forest products industries, such as:

Primary processing industries: *veneer, *sawmills, boards, pulp, crushing or chipping.

Secondary processing industries: furniture, carpentry, packaging, paper and cardboard.

Cork Industry

*Resins Industry

Aromatic Plants Industries

Mushroom and forest fruit Industries

Wood waste, firewood and chips Industry

Performing management and quality control tasks, productive and economic studies, data processing, *operations research and project control.

Forest Law and Policy

He makes decisions related to the development of laws and regulations that guide the application of forest use.

He implements the legislation that regulates the management of forest resources.

Valuations and Expert’s Reports

He performs *valuations and *expert’s reports of lands, forests and forestry producers of wood.


Occupational Field

-Forestry and *Agroforestry Companies

-Ministry of the Environment and Agriculture

-Non-governmental organizations in charge of the administration and management of the forest resource.

-Research institutions of the public sector and non-governmental organization.

Timber Industries:

Primary processing industries: *veneer, *sawmills, boards, pulp, crushing or chipping.

Secondary processing industries: furniture, carpentry, packaging, paper and cardboard.

Wood waste, firewood and chips Industry

Cork Industry

*Resins Industry

Aromatic Plants Industries

Mushroom and forest fruit Industries

Trading companies of forest supplies and equipment

Training Centers

Municipalities

Office for the provision of professional forestry services

Universities


Estimated time of College years 

5 years


Main courses considered in the syllabus

Basic Training Courses

*General Botany

*General Chemistry

*Organic Chemistry and Biology

*Physics (2 semesters)

Mathematics (3 semesters)

Professional Training Courses

*Forest Botany

*Statistics (Forestry)

Forest Constructions

*Dendrology

*Agrometeorology

*Topography

*Edaphology

*Plant Physiology

*Foundations of Wood Technology

*Forest Pathology

*Forest Ecology

*Silviculture (2 semesters)

*Dasometry

Introduction to Zoology and Wild Fauna Management

*Forest Entomology

*Hydraulics (Forestry)

*Remote Sensing

*Forest Economy and Policy

*Wood Primary Processing Industries

*Forest Improvement

*Agroforestry

*Forestry Use

*Forest Management

Complementary Training Courses

*Economics and Administration Fundamentals

Specialties

Forest Resources Management

*Silviculture

Wood


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career


Interests

-Biological curiosity for flora and fauna

-Appreciation for sciences

-Social and productive interest

-Interest in the preservation of the environment

-Desire to apply his knowledge in a practical way, producing and using of technology

-Curiosity for animal and plant breeding

-Motivation for the planning and implementation of projects

-Taste for remaining in open areas and in contact with nature

-Interest in practical solutions


Skills

-Naturalist Intelligence, that is, the ability to perceive, observe and identify differences and similarities among members of a species or of different kinds, as well as the existing relations between them.

-Analysis capacity

-Understanding of Mathematics

-Ability for the planning and organization of activities.


Vocation

-For the harnessing and intelligent use of natural resources.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this global vocation.


Candidate Personality

Practical and functional personality

Ease to deal with people with different training, criteria and personality

Availability to work in teams

Leadership and decision making abilities


Work Scope

- Fieldwork and Industries


Related Careers

-Wood Engineering, Forest Technology, Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Technology, Geography, Ecology, Agribusiness Management.

Glossary of Terms

*Adaptability: Adaptation of populations or individuals to the ecological conditions of the area where the crop is going to be developed.

*Agroforestry: Plantations that combine agricultural crops intermingled with forest species.

*Agrometeorology (Course): Study of the climatic features and their influence on agricultural activities.

*Agroforestry (Course): Agricultural cultivation that includes trees.

*Forestry Use (Course):

Forestry use systems

Planning and organization of the operations

Design and construction of forest roads

Tools and machines used

Cutting and preparation of forest raw material

Extraction, load, transport and unloading

Productivity and forestry use costs

Ecological Considerations, Environmental Impact

Among others

*Sawmill: Facility devoted to chop wood.

*Biodiversity: Variety of species present in a particular ecosystem or in a geographical region.

*Forest Botany (Course): Botany concepts.

-Botanical classifications and categories.

-Assignment of plants’ names

- Identification of species of forest interest

Among others

*General Botany (Course): Classification and characteristics of groups from the Plant Kingdom. –Structure and functioning of plant cells. –Plant tissues, their structure and function. –Study of the form, structure and development of the: root, stem, leaf, flower, fruit, and seed. –Anatomy of their organs.

*River Basin: Area that pours its water to a river.

*Veneer: Wood sheets to recoat furniture.

*Dasometry (Course): Science that deals with the measurement of forests and trees that inhabit them, as well as the metric relations and the laws that govern their evolution.

*Dendrology (Course): Study of the woody plants, mainly trees and shrubs.

*Productive Diversification: Production of variety of species.

*Forest Ecology (Course): The forest ecosystem.

-The abiotic environment (such as the ecological functions of solar radiation, temperature, wind, water, soil and fire). -The biotic environment (such as all the living organisms that directly or indirectly exert influence on life), among others.

*Forest Economy and Policy (Course): -The forest company, its performance and costs; Forestry appraisal; Forestry Project Assessment; Forest Products Market; National Forest Policy, National Forest Law.

*Edaphology (Course): Study of the composition and nature of soil and its relationship with plants and its environment.

*Forest Entomology (Course): Study of the diversity and function of insects in the forest environment.

*Statistics (Forestry) (Course): Basic knowledge and essential concepts to understand *Statistics applied to the specialty.

*Physics (Course): Physics principles and fundamentals for the interpretation of phenomena that occur in nature and their application in the resolution of problems of the specialty, among them:

Statics (balance of forces on a body at rest)

Kinematics (Study of the movement of bodies)

Hydrostatics (Fluid mechanics or hydraulics, which studies fluids in state of balance, that is, without the existence of forces that alter their movement or position)

Hydrodynamics (Fluids in movement; study of how gases or fluids flow when forces are applied on them).

Elasticity: (Property of certain materials to suffer deformation when they are subjected to the action of external forces and to recover the original form if these external forces are removed).

Thermodynamics (Study of the phenomena related to heat).

Geometrical Optics (Laws of reflection and refraction that govern optical instruments)

Electromagnetism (Study of electrical and magnetic phenomena)

*Plant Physiology (Course): Study of the functioning of organs and plant tissues of plants.

*Fluvial: Related to rivers.

*Economics and Administration Fundamentals (Course): Economic Concepts, Planning, Organization, Direction and Control of the Business Management.

*Wood Technology Fundamentals (Course): Chemical composition of wood, physical and mechanical properties of wood. –Industrial processes of wood. –Wood-based products.

*Hydraulics (Forest) (Course): Characteristics of a river basin. –Rational management of a river basin.

-Measurement of the flow of the watershed and ways to carry water.

-Basic knowledge to plan the diversion of river currents.

-Planning and selection of irrigation.

*Hydrography: Science that describes and studies inland water.

*Forest Hydrology: It is the study of the hydrological cycle, that is, the water circulation between the Earth and the atmosphere in mountains, forests or other natural areas.

*Individuals: One of the elements of a population.

*Wood Primary Processing Industries (Course):

Sawing: Sawing industry. Sawmill Planning.

Wood Drying: natural and artificial drying.

Wood Preservation: Preservation. -Methods of impregnating wood with preservatives for its maintenance in good condition.

Carbonization: Solid waste (carbon) of carbonization makes up the charcoal intended for energy use.

-Processes, methods and products of carbonization.

*Operations Research: Practical applications to decision making in organizations.

*Forest Improvement (Course): Role of the genetic improvement in forest productivity.

-Types of *variability in forest trees.

-Basic concepts of Genetics

-Methods and techniques used to achieve productive forests, among others.

*Measurement: Search for the dimensions of a land.

*Forest Management (Course):

Organization of forests

Forest Appraisal

Forest Planning

Multiple uses of forest systems

Study of the Environmental Impact on Management Plans

*Forest Pathology (Course): The diseases in forest species from seed to mature plant; Biodegradation of standing timber, in storage or in use; Programming of sanitary management and the control and loss reduction, within an ecological framework.

*Expert’s Report: The opinion that is entrusted to an expert, in matters of his competence, to be presented before the judicial authorities.

*Population: Set of organisms or individuals that coexist in the same space and time that share certain biological properties.

*General Chemistry (Course): Pure substances, mixtures and solutions. –Chemical symbols. –Chemical compounds. –Atomic Structure. –Periodic Table. –Chemical bond. –States of matter. –Types of solutions. –Chemical balance. –Metal elements. –Non-metallic elements.

*Organic Chemistry and Biology (Course): Plant structures and study of the functioning of plant organs and tissues of plants. –Molecular Structure of the plant cell. –The principles of *cell metabolism in plants, among others.

*Resin: Thick and clear fluid that is extracted from the trunk of many species of trees, for example, amber and chicle.

*Silviculture: Science related to the knowledge, formation and improvement of native forests and plantations.

*Silviculture (Course): The forest mass, forest species and the treatments applicable to different types of forests. –Planning and execution of forest plantations. –Production of forest plants. –Plantation methods, among others.

*Sustainable: Possible to sustain and regenerate from the own means that surround it, without depredating it.

*Deforestation (Cutting): Cut one or more trees from the base of the trunk.

*Valuation: Values of an object.

*Remote Sensing (Course): Remote sensing existing in the market that can be used in the assessment of forest resources.

Use of aerial photographs and satellite images needed in agricultural and livestock studies, the land relief, *hydrography, etc.

-Use of remote sensing in the specialty, as in the case of: making forest inventories, basin management, forest management, road construction, etc.

*Topography (Course): Representation on a plane of the shapes of a terrain, with its natural details.

*Value added: It is the additional value that goods and services acquire when they are transformed during the production process.

*Genetic Variability: Differences between the individuals of a population.

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