Mining Engineering

Career Objectives

Evaluate and exploit mineral deposits and address the mineral processing processes, ensuring the least possible damage to the environment.

Professional Profile

Professional who deals with the deposit evaluation stages; that is, he carries out the study of its economic feasibility; the mine’s design, where he has to define its layout, including in it the planning of its operation as well as its possibility of future exploitation; mining activity, where he designs and manages each of the tasks required in the different stages of the project; its production, that is, mineral processing and metal processing from them.

All this, taking care of producing the least possible damage to the environment

He knows about earth science, deposit evaluation, *Civil Engineering, because his environment will be tunnels or open-pit mines; about Economics, administration, management and Human science in pursuit of the improvement of the life quality of those who operate there.

Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

Deposit Evaluation

Once the geologist figures out where the mineral is and what is its volume, the Mining Engineer studies this information and sets out the alternatives for mining this mineral.

He carries out a study of its economic feasibility, which corresponds to ensure the mineral is in sufficient quantities so that its commercial value is greater than the expense incurred in its extraction and processing and thus its exploitation is profitable.

Mine Design and Planning

He performs the Mine Design, where he must determine the size of the mine, define its layout, delineate how it will be exploited; which will be their accesses and which will be their landfills, both of minerals and waste rock; he determines the tasks needed for the extraction and removal of minerals to be able to comply with the planning.

Through the mine design and the installation of sensors in it, he must prevent and ensure that during the course of mineral exploitation, the deposit maintains its stability and does not cause collapses.


He is in charge of the design, operation and management of mining tasks, both in the prospecting, exploration and exploitation stages of the mine, researching, adapting and developing technology which allows improving each of these stages.

For instance, one of these operations the “drilling” of the rock so that it can be extracted, later comes the “blasting” where explosives break the material and then this one is loaded in a truck fleet that carries it out of the mine.

Here, he must provide drilling technology, carry out blasting analysis and transport studies.

Afterwards, this material is taken to the “crusher”, which is responsible for reducing the size of the stones that contain the mineral.

He must verify that the material from here to the following stages of the process, meets certain characteristics of law (percentage of mineral in it), moisture, etc.


The Mining Engineer along with metallurgical engineers design and supervise the procedures to separate the required mineral from the material removed from the mine; and the metal processing from this mineral.

He researches and develops treatment processes that allow improving the efficiency and lower costs of the processes currently applied in the industrial operation.

He plans, organizes, directs and controls the operations and management carried out in these companies.

Occupational Field

-Mining Sites

-Metallurgy Industries

-State Organizations of the sector

-Business Companies of mining products

-Project Office

-Research Centers for mining and metallurgy

-Mining Exploration Research Centers


-As an independent professional carrying out research and consultancy in projects for the mining and metallurgic sector.

Estimated time of College years

5 years or more

Main courses considered in the syllabus

Engineering Sciences Courses

Algebra, Calculus I, II (Mathematics), Physics I,II, General Chemistry, *Analytical Chemistry, Differential Equations (Mathematics), Statistics, *Fluid Mechanics (Physics)

Professional Training Courses

-Exploitation Systems


-Engineering Drawing


*Strength of Materials

*Measurement in Mines

*Petrology and *Mineralogy

-Drilling and Blasting


*Mineral Processes

-Mineral Concentration

- Mining Laboratory Workshop

-Mine Design Workshop

*Hydrometallurgical Processes

*Mineral Processes Evaluation

-Project Design for *Open-Pit Mines

-Project Design for Underground Mines

-Environmental Management

-Mining Resources Assessment

*Human Science

*Business Administration

-Project Preparation and Evaluation

*Mining Management and Economics

-Mining Law

-Mining Projects Planning and Management

-Business Management




-Mining Exploitation; Electromechanical Installations in Mines; Mineral Processing and Metallurgy; Energy Resources, Fuels and Explosives; Mining Exploration and Prospecting.

Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career


-Curiosity and motivation for structural physical phenomena highlighting the laws of balance and movement, energy transformation and physical phenomena in general.

-Greater preference for the application of knowledge.

-It is entertaining for him to design, make and build.

-Interest and appreciation for technology advances.

-Curiosity to investigate new applications to what is already known.

-Appreciation for science in general.

-Motivation to find original solutions to problems that arise.

-Feel the challenge of solving with ingenuity a physical and constructive problem.


-Skills in Physics and Mathematics

-Inventiveness, ability and ingenuity for the analysis and solution of empirical physical problems.

-Ability to perceive physical phenomena and achieve their interpretation.

-Ease to express himself in a graphical way.

-Good health.


Motivation to create production that generates welfare and development to the community.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.

Candidate Personality

-Functional and practical

-Ability to make decisions

-Ability to organize and lead work groups

-Ease to treat people with different training, criteria and personality

- Good relationship with people.

-Adventurous Spirit

Work Scope

Hard field work, in isolated areas with a team of people under his charge.

Related Careers

-Metallurgical Engineering, Construction Engineering, Civil Engineering.

*Glossary of Terms

*Open-pit Mine: It is a mine where the overburden is removed, so it is in the surface, in contrast to underground mines, where you have to Access through tunnels.

*Civil Engineering: Design methods for mines.

*Geomechanics: Related to the balance or alteration of the earth’s crust.

*Measurement: Size, dimension.

*Human Science: Human behavior of work.

*Finance: Finance deals with the collection and determination of the cash flow (inflows or outflows of money) required by the company, in addition to the distribution and management of those funds in order to maximize the economical value of the company.

*Macroeconomics: With respect to the production and consumption of a country’s wealth and the problems related to the employment level.

*Analytical Chemistry: Analysis and Interpretation of Chemical Reactions. –Analysis techniques which allow identifying the components of different samples qualitatively and quantitatively. (Which elements compose it and in what proportion they are).

*Fluid Mechanics: Know physical and mechanical properties of fluids, understanding their behavior, to propose and design solutions to problems related to them.

*Administration: Administer: Run, manage, conduct, determine the course, determine the policies to follow, direct a company. Manage the human, economic and technical resources to obtain maximum performance.

*Topography: Graphic representation of a piece of land in map format, showing the relief of its surface.

*Strength of Materials: Behavior of materials (Concrete, Asbestos-Concrete, Clay bricks, among others) in terms of their elasticity-plasticity in different types of situations such as the application of loads or thermal effects.

*Petrology: Branch of geology that cares about the study of rocks, their physical, chemical and mineralogical properties.

*Mineralogy: Science that studies minerals.

*Hydrometallurgical Processes: Process that uses water as solvent for the selective separation of metals.

*Management: manage: make the inquiries and procedures to carry out a project.

*Metallurgical Processes: Mineral processing.