Biochemistry


Career Objectives

Studying and researching the composition and chemical transformations that are carried out in living organisms at a cellular level.


Professional Profile

An eminently scientific professional focused on studying and researching fundamentally the cell and the chemical nature of its compounds, as well as the chemical changes which take place in it and how living beings are affected if these chemical variables are altered.

He studies and develops the methodologies to solve problems both of structure (how is it organized) and the functioning of living matter, from a chemical-biological perspective.

He has knowledge of physiology (organic operation) animal and plant, to be able to interpret the functioning of processes that regulate the normal, *pathological, macroscopic and microscopic life.

He determines biological misbehavior and the way it is corrected with the presence of a chemical substance, such as vitamin, or *hormone, or antibiotic, for example, and incorporates it into the body.

Thanks to this science, substances like these ones have been isolated from the body and *synthesized, so that they can be used in treatments.

For instance, from the biochemical study of bacteria and certain fungi, antibiotics were found and then used as remedies.

In general, Biochemistry is oriented to all those areas in which the use of “organism products” can improve the life quality of human being.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession 

-He performs scientific research in the area of animal and plant biochemistry; in *molecular pharmacology and *clinical biochemistry focused on human and animal health; and environmental problems.

-He develops applied research in the area of biotechnology oriented to agroindustry, chemical industry and mining-metallurgic industry.

-Research focused on the creation of new products, for instance, biochemistry has created key methods for the manufacturing of products like alcohol, acetone, etc.

-He participates directly in the productive process, performing a good quality control.

-He is an innovator in the clinical diagnostic laboratory.

-He certifies and supports all types of exams or experiments carried out in laboratories he is in charge of.

-He takes part in the direction, installation and operation of clinical laboratories.

-He exercises teaching in areas of his competence.

-He works in development laboratories for industries related to chemical or natural products: fermentation, proteins, hormones, etc.

-He makes improvements to the treatment of agricultural products and animal husbandry.

-He performs and interprets *bromatological analyses in food inspection agencies.

-He carries out the nutritional study of natural and processed products.

-He develops and interprets the analysis of biological products, such as *hormones, *enzymes, *vaccines, etc.

-He performs *pharmacological and *toxicological studies.

-He handles hazardous materials (radioactive, infectious, toxic, etc).

• In the Clinical area:

-He is integral part of the health team, providing a high level of collaboration, quality and reliability for the diagnosis and monitoring of diseases.

-He obtains biological samples from patients and preserves them.

-He performs and interprets clinical analyses in all its areas: Clinical chemistry, *hematology, microbiology, *parasitology, *immunology and *cytology.

-He performs and interprets toxicological and forensic analytical tests.

-He performs clinical research.

-He collaborates in a better diagnosis of diseases.

-He promotes the proper use of laboratory tests, with a common language with the doctor, about developments in diagnosis.

-He evaluates the internal quality of his job and the external impact of his results.

-He performs *epidemiological investigations.

-He investigates and collaborates in the discovery of a variety of diseases such as AIDS, cancer, etc.

-He investigates the development of new vaccines for different diseases.

-Now, with the knowledge of human genome, an important challenge for biochemists is to know why individuals develop certain diseases.


Occupational Field

-Clinical diagnostic laboratories of Hospitals and Clinics.

- Development and Research Laboratories of Food Industries, such as dairy, brewing, fishing, canning, yeasts, drinks, wine and industrial alcohol, among others.

-Chemical Industries.

-Forest Industries.

-Paper Industries.

-Universities, in Teaching or Research.


Estimated time of College years

5 to 6 years

Main courses considered in the curriculum

Basic Training Courses

General Chemistry (2 semesters)

Mathematics (3 semesters)

Organic Chemistry (3 semesters)

Physics for Science

Physical Bases of Biological Processes

Professional Training Courses

-Introduction to Biochemistry and Scientific Method

-Cell Biology and *Genetics

-Chemical Lab Techniques

-Laboratory on General Chemistry

-Elements of Statistics

-*Anatomy and *Physiology

-Analytical Chemistry (2 semesters)

-Laboratory on *Analytical and Instrumental Chemistry (2 semesters)

-*Physical Chemistry (3 semesters)

-Laboratory on Organic Chemistry

-Plant Anatomy and Plant Physiology

-Radio-Biochemistry and *Radiological Protection.

-Biochemistry (2 semesters)

-Microbiology

-*Molecular Biology

-Microbial Physiology and Genetics

-*Genetic Engineering

-Experimental Biochemistry

-Physiological and *Pathological Chemistry

-*Pharmacology

-*Immunology

-*Clinical Biochemistry

-*Biotechnology

Complementary Training Courses

Project Formulation

*Management Administration.

Specialties

-Clinical Biochemistry; Biotechnology; Plant and Soil Biochemistry; Legal and Forensic *Toxicology – Environmental Management; *Bromatology, nutrition and food technology; Management of Health – Quality – Audit.


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career


Interests

-Appreciation for Sciences.

-Scientific spirit.

-Interest and curiosity for Biology, especially microbiology and organic systems.

-Curiosity for Organic Chemistry.

-Motivation for Research.

-Interest in Laboratory work.


Skills

-Ability in the scientific-biological area and organic chemistry

-Observer

-Analytical

-Manual Dexterity

-Visual acuity and proper motor coordination

-Concentration ability.


Vocation

Going in search of being able to unveil the mystery of biological matter, to know and discover what has life.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

-Teamwork, Patient, Organized, Punctilious, Methodical and Rigorous.


Work Scope

-Laboratory Work.


Related Careers

-Biotechnology, Chemistry and Pharmacy, Medical Technology M/ Clinical Bioanalysis, Hematology and Blood Bank, Chemical Laboratory Technician.


*Glossary of Terms

*Anatomy: Study of the general structure of the body and its constituent organs.

*Molecular Biology: Branch of biology devoted to the study of the structure and function of molecules. A molecule is the smallest portion of substance that can retain the properties of that substance.

*Clinical Biochemistry: Biochemistry focused on the medical area.

*Biotechnology: Technology which uses biological systems and living organisms in the creation or modification of products and processes.

*Bromatological: Bromatology: Analysis and study of food, of its ingredients, properties, manufacturing and storage process.

*Clinical: It is the medical process of diagnosis of a disease.

*Cytology: Biological science which describes, analyzes and manipulates cells.

*Enzymes: Enzymes would be like the workforce of the cell. They create new proteins, carry materials within the cell and perform other important cellular functions.

*Epidemiological: Epidemic: A widespread disease that affects many individuals in a population.

*Pharmacological: *Pharmacology: Science which studies the actions or effects of chemicals in living organisms, that is, the study of drugs.

*Physiology: Science which studies the biological functions of living beings and their parts.

*Physical Chemistry: Physical study at a molecular level, such as temperature changes, pressure, volume, heat and work.

*Forensic: It is the application of scientific practice within the legal process.

*Genetics: Science that studies the characteristics that are inherited in people, animals or plants.

*Management: Diligence which conducts to the achievement of a business, objective or satisfaction of a desire.

*Hematology: Study of blood.

*Hormones: Chemical substances produced by the body to control numerous bodily functions.

*Genetic Engineering: Techniques of removal, modification or addition of genes to an organism.

*Immunology: Part of medicine that deals with diseases of the immune system, which is the system which gives a collective and coordinate response to the introduction to the body of certain foreign substances to it.

*Parasitology: Parasitology is a branch of knowledge which studies parasites and the effects these produce.

*Pathological: *Pathology: Abnormality or study of diseases, as processes or abnormal states due to known or unknown causes.

*Analytical Chemistry: Identification, separation and quantification of inorganic compounds.

*Instrumental Chemistry: Instrumental techniques applied to the resolution of analytical problems.

*Radiological: Radiology: Medical specialty that is responsible for generating images of the interior of the body through different physical agents (X rays, ultrasounds, magnetic fields…) and using these images for diagnosis.

*Synthesized: Synthesize: Produce substances necessary for the organism in laboratory.

*Toxicological: *Toxicology: Study of the effects of toxins or plant, animal and mineral poisons, as well as treatment or poisoning.

*Vaccines: Introduction of modified microorganisms in order to induce active immunity against infectious diseases.

GO BACK