Speech-language Pathology


Career Objectives

Overcome communication disorders produced by alterations of voice, language and hearing.


Professional Profile

-Professional of therapy focused on the prevention, detection, evaluation, diagnosis and therapeutic intervention of communication disorders.

The communication process is addressed from a biological, physical and emotion perspective, with contributions from Psychology and *Linguistics.

For that, in his training, he gains knowledge of the area of basic health and human science, necessary to understand spoken language phenomenon and have rehabilitation of its *pathologies.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

He takes part in multidisciplinary teams from the health area such as specialists in the area of *Otorhinolaryngology, *Neurology, Psychology, Dentistry, etc, depending on the disorder, gender, age, and profession, for a comprehensive patient care.

He carries out the evaluation, *speech *diagnosis and *therapy of language, speech, voice and hearing disorders.

He manages the procedures of examination in *phonation and hearing disorders, likewise in the implementation of techniques for its correction.

Once the *Otolaryngologist makes the medical *diagnosis and determines the treatment, the Speech-Language Pathologist completes the patient assessment in order to determine the most suitable *therapy to the case, in order to achieve recovery.

For instance, a *dysphonia can be determined by stressful situations, organic defect at the level of the vocal cords, improper use of the voice, misuse, etc.

Such causes trigger, generally, an alteration of the muscle tension at the level of head, neck and shoulder girdle, tension that in many cases will lead the subject to show alterations in the quality of his voice.

The *therapy will be aimed at relaxing and restoring its functioning, in addition to re-educating the behavior of use of the voice.

He performs tasks of evaluation and treatment of voice, speech and language disorders caused by *vascular accidents or *traumatic brain injury.

He performs this task in the *neurology department of public hospitals and private clinics and rehabilitation centers.

Considering that hearing plays a determining role in the acquisition, development and control of the production of the spoken language, it also deals with the assessment of hearing and *vestibular functions, through instrumental procedures and tests, and when appropriate, he participates in the selection and adaptation of hearing aids.

He performs *hearing *therapy, carrying out rehabilitation through the equipment with hearing aids, lip reading, auditory training, control, monitoring, and orientation in the educational, recreational and work sphere.

He improves the voice and speech for media workers, singers, actors, as well as everyone who wants it.

He informs about standards that contribute to the prevention of *pathologies or to improve *phonatory defects.

In the educational field, he is part of multidisciplinary teams in which he carries out the monitoring, treatment and referral to other professionals to those children who present possible *speech and language impairment, preventing this way, learning disorders.

He prevents, evaluates and treats communication disorders present in children of preschool and school age; for instance, educate ad re-educate the child who does not breathe properly.

He conducts prevention in day nurseries and preschool children carrying out the early *diagnosis of voice, hearing, language disorders and the anatomical and functional features of the *speech organs (lips, tongue, velum, etc), habits (use of pacifier, etc.) *Occlusion (in dentistry), among others.

He participates in education programs for patients, for instance, for parents of children suffering from asthma, in order to recognize the degrees of severity, to know in which moment they have to bring him to the hospital and the exercises or postures in which the child must be placed in times of crisis.

He performs teaching work in *Speech-language Pathology Departments, postgraduate and specialization programs, Music and Arts schools, among others.

He takes part in research teams in order to develop innovations in the conceptual, *therapeutic and technological related to the discipline.

He plans, implements and evaluates plans and programs of health, education and social action from the *Speech-language Pathology perspective.

He conducts and performs technical and administrative tasks of the specialty.

He advises and carries out *judgments and *phonoaudiological *expert opinions.


Occupational Field

-Hospitals

-Doctors’ Offices

-Polyclinics

-Rehabilitation Centers

-Diagnosis Centers

-Private Clinics

-Special Education Schools

-High school institutions

-Universities that prepare professionals who must make correct use of the voice, such as Teaching, Law, Journalism.

-Theater, Singing and Voice-over institutions.

-Radio and Television Corporations.

-Special Schools (Language)

- Normal, artistic and Communications Schools.


Estimated time of College years

5 years


Main courses considered in the syllabus 

Basic Training Courses

*Acoustics (Physics)

General Psychology

Professional Training Courses

*General Anatomy

*Anatomy and *Physiology of the speech and hearing organs.

*Neurobiology

*Linguistics

*Developmental Psychology

*Pathophysiology

*Audiology (3 semesters)

*Anatomy and *Physiology of the Nervous System

*Voice Physiology

*Child Neurology

*Psycholinguistics

Communication and Language

*Psychopathology

*Voice Disorders

Speech Disorders

Language Disorders

Language *Diagnosis and *Therapeutics (2 semesters)

*Phonation *Diagnosis and *Therapeutics (2 semesters)

*Otologic Clinic

* Odontostomatology

*Neurology in Adults

Teaching and teaching methods

*Pragmatics and *Semantics Fundamentals

*Neurolinguistics

*Gerontology and *Geriatrics

*Public Health and *Epidemiology

*Bioethics

Complementary Training Course

English (3 semesters)

Specialties

* Phonostomatology

Language Disorders

*Audiology

Public Health

Speech Disorders

*Laryngology and Voice

Stuttering

Rehabilitation of *Deaf

*Dysphagia


Oral Motor Skills


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career 


Interests

-Focused mainly towards the human being.

-Strong motivation for service.

-Natural interest in physical contact with people.

-Biological Curiosity.

-Interest in language and expression.

-Appreciation for Science.

-Interest in technological and scientific changes applied to health.


Skills

-Good pronunciation, fluent speech and good hearing.

-Ability to establish interpersonal relations that require direct physical contact.

-Adaptability to teamwork.

-Physical Health compatible with prolonged and varied working days.


Vocation

-Serving to people, especially, being their support in overcoming adversity.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

Empathetic

Patient

Persistent


Work Scope

Hospital

Community

Educational Center


Related Careers

-Kinesiology, Nursing, Special Education, Psycho-pedagogy, Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy.

Glossary of Terms

*Anatomy: Study of the structure, situation, relations of the different parts of the body.

*Audiology: Study of sound and hearing.

*Bioethics: Moral principles of human behavior in the medical field.

*Deglutition: Process of swallowing.

*Diagnosis: Study of the origin of a disease.

*Judgment: Give an opinion about something.

*Teaching/Didactic Method: Part of pedagogy that deals with systems and practical teaching methods.

*Dysphagia: Difficulty or inability to swallow.

*Dysphonia: Voice alternation; Hoarseness.

*Epidemiological: Epidemiology: Science that studies the causes, behavior, distribution and control of diseases that are presented within the population.

*Acoustics: The fundamentals of acoustic physics associated with the aspects of auditory physiology and phonation organs will be conceptually developed for the action of the Speech-language pathologist in the evaluation of hearing and phonoaudiological therapy.

*Physiology: Study of the functions of the organism and its parts.

*Pathophysiology: Organic malfunctioning.

*Phonation: It is the muscular work done to make intelligible sounds.

*Phonatory: Relating to the phonation or sound emission.

*Speech-language Pathology: Science of Health focused on the prevention, assessment, diagnosis and therapy of language, speech, voice and hearing disorders.

*Phonostomatology: *Swallowing disorders such as Dysphagia, which is the inability to feed.

*Geriatrics: Study of diseases associated to old age and their treatment.

*Gerontology: Study of ageing, addressing health and psychological, social, economic, demographic and other aspects related to the elderly.

*Deafness: Deaf.

*Laryngology: Study of larynx disorders.

*Linguistics: Science that deals with discovering and understanding the nature and the laws that govern language.

*Neurobiology: Study of neurons or cells of the nervous system.

*Neurolinguistics: Study of the mechanisms of the human brain that enable the understanding, production and knowledge of language, whether spoken, written or with signs.

*Neurology: Study of the nervous system and its diseases.

*Occlusion (dentistry): Contact between the biting and chewing surfaces of the upper and lower teeth.

*Odontostomatology: Study of the Stomatognathic system, which is the system that include the teeth, gums, tongue, palate, oral mucosa, salivary glands, lips, tonsils, among others.

*Otologic: Otology: Study of ear diseases.

*Otorhinolaryngology: Part of medicine devoted to the study, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the throat, nose and ears.

*Pathology: Disease.

*Expert Opinion: Technical report the expert performs in the field.

*Pragmatics: Part of Linguistics that studies the way in which the context or situation in which the text is immersed, influences the interpretation of its meaning.

*Developmental Psychology: Systematic psychological change that takes place throughout life.

*Psycholinguistics: Psychology of language or study of how it is acquired and how to use it.

*Psychopathology: Science that studies the manifestations of mental disorder.

*Public Health: Collective efforts intended to protect, foster and restore health of the inhabitants of a community.

*Semantics: Study of the meaning of words, expressions and sentences.

*Therapy: Treatment and care.

*Therapeutics: Branch of medicine that studies different resources to treat diseases.

*Traumatic Brain Injury: Strong blow against the walls of the skull without any crack or fracture.

*Vascular: It corresponds to the blood vessels, including veins, arteries and capillaries.

*Vestibular: Structure of the middle ear responsible for balance.

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