Biomedical Engineering


Career Objectives

Provide solutions to the health field, through the application of new and modern technology.


Professional Profile

Professional who has theoretical and practical knowledge of the electronic systems used in medical equipment of laboratories and hospitals, and uses technology advances in the resolution of medical problems.

He has a training based on electronic engineering combined with fundamental knowledge of medicine and biology, supplemented with subjects such as informatics, robotics, acoustics, optics and other specialties related to meeting medical demands.

He knows both the anatomical and functional structure of the main apparatuses and systems that make up the human body, from the cell, organs and systems.

He understands the functioning of the human body, in normal and *pathophysiological conditions.

Technology allows him to increase the knowledge in medicine and biology, achieving a better understanding of how the human body works and how biological systems work.

His work is carried out along with Biologists, Doctors and scientists, supporting with technology and promoting the use and development of biomedical equipment.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

He intervenes on:

Diagnosis and Medical Treatment

He advises medicine on the need and use of technology.

He advises on the selection of equipment required to provide efficient and economical solutions to health problems.

He assists in the diagnosis treatment of diseases that require the use of electronic, mechanical, acoustic and optical instruments.

He is involved in rehabilitation assisting disabled people in their recovery in the choice and application of instruments and *prostheses.

He performs quality control and operating condition of all kinds of *prosthesis.

He intervenes in the creation of *aseptic and safety conditions, through the implementation of measuring equipment.

Medical Equipment

He acquires, installs, calibrates and tests biomedical equipment used in hospitals, and research centers, and keeps it at an optimum level of operation.

He supervises and coordinates the repair, maintenance and optimization of medical equipment.

He seeks the creation of new technological support systems, designing electronic circuits and computer software for medical instruments such as *diagnostic devices which *monitor *physiological functions and medical treatment devices.

Among these, large imaging systems such as: conventional *x-ray, *CT scans and *magnetic resonance, and small implantable devices, such as pacemakers, *cochlear implants and *drug infusion pumps.

Medical Research

He conducts studies and research on how physical and biological systems of the organism are interrelated.

He makes use of knowledge and methods of physics to produce modifications in biological systems.

He uses *mathematical models and statistics to study many of the signals generated by organs such as the brain, heart and skeletal muscle.

He relates the main *sensors and *transducers and electronic and biomedical systems with the structure, functioning and the main *physiological principles that govern the systems and organs of the human body.

He implements new information technologies for the collection, processing and transmission of *biosignals and *medical images.

He develops new *sensors and *actuators to be applied in rehabilitation areas,*biomechanics and sports medicine.

He designs *prostheses; artificial organs such as limbs, knees, hips, heart valves and dental implants to replace those parts of the body that lost their function; machines to sustain or extend life such as medical ventilators, *bubbles, etc.

He designs better exercise equipment, robots and *therapeutic devices for the rehabilitation process.

He uses chemistry and physics to develop durable materials that are compatible with the development of artificial body parts.

He solves problems at cellular and molecular level, developing *nanotechnology and *micromachines to repair damage within the cell and manage to modify the function of *genes.

He develops three-dimensional *simulations that apply physical laws to the movement of tissues and fluids.

The resulting *models can be invaluable for understanding how tissues work and how, for instance, a *prosthetic replacement can function under the same conditions.

Medical Technology Management

He designs and delivers training programs to train the medical and paramedical personnel in their employment and operation.

He is concerned about compliance with safety regulation and *instrument management.

He performs and conducts *expertise in relation to biomedical technology systems.

He conducts the *administration of medical technology and activities such as personnel *administration and equipment maintenance scheduling.


Occupational Field

-Hospitals

-Private Health Facilities

- Regional Ministerial Secretariats and Public Health Institute

-Mutual Insurance

- Companies representing medical equipment manufacturers.

-Scientific and Technology Research Centers.

-Medical Equipment Industries

-Companies selling hospital equipment

-Universities

-Professional Institutes

- Independently, carrying out advice and consultancies in the governmental and productive health sector.


Estimated time of College years

5 years


Main courses considered in the syllabus

Basic Training Courses

-Mathematics (4 semesters)

-Statistics

*Physics (4 semesters)

*Chemistry

-Biology (2 semesters)

Professional Training Courses

*Biochemistry

*Physiology (2 semesters)

*Pathophysiology

*Nuclear Medicine

*Medical Imaging

*Programming

*Medical Informatics

-Drawing and Representation Systems

-Electricity

*Analogue Electronics

*Digital Electronics (3 semesters)

*Signal Processing

-Mechanics and mechanisms

*Strength of Materials

*Automatic Control (2 semesters)

*Bioinstrumentation (4 semesters)

-Fault Diagnosis

-Biomedical Measurement

-Hospital Facilities

Complementary Training Courses

-Instrumental English

-Production Management and Organization

-*Economics and *Administration Foundations

-Project *Formulation and *Evaluation

Specialties

*Bioinstrumentation

*Medical Imaging

*Clinical Engineering


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career 


Interests

-Innate curiosity for technological advances.

-Interest in practical and functional issues and his desire to innovate in them.

-Motivation for the application of technology.

-Appreciation for the performance of a rigorous work.

-Interest in manipulation of instruments.

-Appreciation for technology and sciences that sustain it, based on exact sciences such as mathematics and physics.

-Interest in acquiring new knowledge in the technology area and making innovations.

-Interest and curiosity about biology and *biochemistry.

-Interest in knowledge, methods and new techniques in the cure of diseases.


Skills

-Ability for mathematics and physics.

-Understanding of Biology and Biochemistry.

-Observation capacity.

-Concentration ability.

Analytical Capacity: Method that focuses the whole and separates it into its basic elements to then see the relationship between these elements.

Logical Reasoning: It is captured through the observation of a reality, a drawing, a diagram, the functioning of something, behavior, etc. Ability to analyze proposals or complex situations, predict consequences and be able to solve the problem in a consistent way.

Innovative: He tends to innovation in search of incorporating new things, to use inventiveness either in new devices as well as in procedures or ways of doing things, which allow him to solve problems by creating new systems or adapting the existing reality to new requirements.

-Spatial Location


-Manual Skills

-Visual acuity and good muscle coordination


Vocation

-A desire for service and personal satisfaction to contribute to the health of people, building and applying technology to achieve it.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

-Practical

-Creativity and initiative in the search of solutions to specific problems

-Ease to work autonomously or integrated to interdisciplinary groups

-Patient

-Organized

-Detail-oriented

-Methodical

-Rigorous


Work Scope

-Urban

-Hospitals and Industries


Related Careers

*Biological Engineering

Medical Technology /major in *Radiology and *Medical Physics

-Medical Technology /major in Ophthalmology

-Medical Technology /major in *Morpho-physiopathology and Cytodiagnosis

-Medical Technology /major in Otorhinolaryngology

-Electronic Engineering

*Biotechnology

*Kinesiology


*Glossary of Terms

*Actuators: Prostheses.

*Administer: Run, govern, conduct, determine the course, determine the policies to follow, lead a company. Manage human, economic and technical resources to obtain maximum performance.

*Asepsis: Absence of decomposing matter, or germs that can produce infections or diseases.

*Biomechanics: It is the study of how the body structure behaves in different scenarios of force and movement.

*Biological Engineering: Application of the principles, methods and techniques of the Exact Sciences to the solution of problems of the Biological Sciences: Agronomy, Zoology, Ecology, Medicine.

*Bioinstrumentation: It includes the study of: *Diagnostic Equipment; *Bioelectric Sensors, *Therapy Equipment; *Cardiovascular System, Nervous System Measurements; Electrical Safety and Radiation Protection; *Monitoring Equipment.

*Biochemistry: It studies the components of the cell, its internal organization and function, the chemical reactions that take place inside the cells and functional aspects of the organism.

*Biosignals: All the life forms, from cells to organisms that generate biological signals. These signs can be: Electrical, Mechanical or Chemical; that are relevant for diagnosis and research.

*Biotechnology: Any technological application that uses biological systems or living organisms or their derivatives for the creations or modification of products or processes applied to specific uses.

*Drug Infusion Pumps: Systems that administer medicine to the patient’s body in a more secure and accurate way.

*Bubble: Zone in which the patient is located to be free of germs from the external environment that attack his organism and of which he has no defense.

*Cytodiagnosis: Diagnostic procedure based on the examination of cells contained in a tissue or in secretions.

*Automatic Control: Electronic, mechanical and computer systems that control processes.

*Diagnosis: Procedure through which a disease is identified.

*Economics: Science which subject of study is the social organization of the economic activity.

*Analogue Electronics: Electronics that work with signals which waveform is continuous, that is, there is continuous information of the values it is taking.

*Digital Electronics: Electronics that work with signals which waveform is discrete (not continuous), because it has been coded in terms of 1 and 0 to facilitate the application of logics and binary arithmetic applied by the computer.

*Project Evaluation: Useful concepts and methods in decision making linked to economic aspects of a project. Such as:

-Analysis of alternatives for project development, Finance, Depreciation (decrease in the value or price of equipment), Taxes, among other factors.

*Physics: Concepts of Physics, Classical Mechanics, Electricity and Magnetism, Oscillations and Waves.

*Medical Physics: Its is Physics applied to medicine, such as electromagnetic or mechanical waves that are part of physics and are used to obtain images in the diagnosis or prognosis and treatment of diseases, such as x-rays, ultrasound, etc.

*Physiology: Science that studies the biological functions of living beings and their parts.

*Pathophysiology: Branch of *pathology that studies functional disorders of the organisms or some of its parts.

*Project Formulation: Shape the project, describe it in clear and accurate terms.

*Gene: Biological unit of heredity. They are arranged along the chain of chromosomes.

*Management: Manage the inquiries and procedures to carry out a project.

*Medical Images: Techniques which create images of human body parts, for the purpose of diagnosing or examining diseases.

*Medical Imaging: Information and intelligent processing of images, by computational method.

*Cochlear Implant: It is a transducer which turns acoustic signals into electrical signals which stimulates the hearing nerve.

*Informatics: Processing of information through the use of the computer.

*Medical Informatics: It is the application of *informatics and communications in the field of health.

*Clinical Engineering: It deals with the technology *management of health institutions.

*Strength of Materials: Study of elastic deformations, dislocation, hardening, fracture, fatigue in materials and other different problems of change in the microstructure generated by external forces.

*Nuclear Medicine: Specialized area of radiology which uses very small amounts of radioactive *substances to examine the function and structure of an organ.

*Mathematical Model: It is the mathematical representation of relations between entities, variables or operations, to study the behavior of complex systems in situations that are difficult to observe in reality.

*Monitor: Carry out the monitoring of characteristics of an element, phenomenon or operation, through feedback, measurements and periodic records.

*Morpho-physiopathology: Science that studies how the structure and functions of the cells, tissues or organs are altered, being sick.

*Nanotechnology: Field of science which creates microscopic elements, at the level of atoms, with which it builds miniature technology such as very small devices or instruments that have favored medicine and promise new medical applications.

*Ophthalmology: Medical specialty that studies eye diseases and their treatments.

*Otorhinolaryngology: Study of ear, nose and throat diseases.

*Pathology: Disease.

*Expert’s report: Work or study carried out by an expert in order to corroborate certain circumstances or facts.

*Signal Processing: It is the discipline that develops signal processing techniques, such as their analysis, filtering, amplification, etc, of a signal that can be a variation of electrical current or other physical magnitude used to transmit information.

*Programming: Study of the design and development of computer programs, primarily in an algorithmic language (sequence of steps to be followed by the program) to later translate it into a computer language.

*Prosthetic: Related to the use of *prosthesis.

*Prosthesis: Device or piece intended to replace partially or totally an organ or limb of the human body.

*Chemistry: It includes properties of matter, atoms and elements, nomenclature, atomic structure, chemical bond, ionic bonding, state of matter, among others.

*Radiation: Radiation is a way of propagating energy through vacuum, as x-rays or ultrasounds that are used in medicine in the diagnosis or prognosis and treatment of diseases.

*Radiography: Procedure that uses x-rays to obtain images of tissues, bones and organs of the body.

*Radiology: Medical specialty that deals with obtaining images of the inside of the body through different physical agents such as x-rays, ultrasounds, magnetic fields, etc. for the diagnosis of diseases.

*Magnetic Resonance: Diagnostic technique which obtains images of the inside of the organism.

*Sensor: Device that captures the value or a variation of an electrical, mechanical or chemical signals corresponding to a phenomenon, process or element.

*Simulation: Software program that attempts to be a replica of reality phenomena, to carry out an exploratory work with it.

*Cardiovascular System: Circulatory System that carries and circulates blood.

*Radioactive Substances: Chemical elements that emit *radiation, which is energy in the form of electromagnetic emissions or in the form of emissions of particles with a certain kinetic energy (speed).

*Therapeutic: *Therapy: Treatment of diseases.

*CT Scan/ Computed Tomography Scan: Graphic record by sections or planes of a body image, to obtain more comprehensive information of it.

*Transducer: Device capable of converting a signal of one type of energy into another type of energy. Transducers are used to transform mechanical and chemical signals generated by the body into electrical signals that can be processed by computers.

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