Environmental Engineering


Career Objectives

Contribute to the control and prevention of the deterioration of natural resources generated by industrial, economic or social projects.


Professional Profile

Professional with solid knowledge in Basic Science focused on the environment and its relation with production processes.

He carries out the study of environmental impact of industrial and technological developments, identifying their vulnerabilities and supporting in a practical way their processes so that they comply with current regulations.

He understands the balance between environmental impact generated by the project and the country’s requirements for its development.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

In the company he carries out:

Environmental impact studies of the production processes to visualize their effects on the environment.

-He formulates environmental projects from his baseline study.

-He is in charge of the environmental quality management systems, health and occupational safety of the company’s personnel.

-He establishes control and surveillance methods of pollution, such as monitor systems, in order to minimize emissions and waste.

-He develops, calculates and implements different technical solutions that minimize the negative effects of the industrial process on the environment.

-He designs or selects equipment and facilities for the treatment of gaseous, liquid and solid waste material, carrying out their monitoring and control.

-He determines the mitigation measure that must be carried out to counteract emissions.

-He performs project evaluation and legal advice to companies.

In the public sector:

-He collaborates with compliance with current regulation to protect the environment according to economic, social and political possibilities.

-He carries out *integrated waste management.

-He carries out citizen environmental awareness campaigns.

-Management of protected wild areas as well as the protection of urban ecosystems.

-He conducts water, soil, air and waste pollution control in the city.

-He manages the optimal use of natural resources to obtain *eco-efficient products and processes.

-He designs wastewater supply and sanitation networks in urban, rural, recreational and industrial zones.

-He designs infrastructures for the collection and treatment of drinking water.

-He carries out environmental audits in different sectors.

-He chooses the best treatment option and performs the necessary calculations for the design, operation, maintenance and management of sewerage networks and water treatment plants.

-He interprets and performs calculations for the evaluation and quantification of atmospheric pollutants, as well as the design of equipment and processes used in their control.

-He chooses the most *viable option for the management of waste and contaminated soil, as well as the design of treatment facilities.

-He leads interdisciplinary work groups in the land-use planning, analyzing the complex systems of interrelations between natural, economic and social factors.

-As an independent professional, he carries out studies, evaluations,*audits, *judgments and environmental *certifications for all those economic and social sectors that require it.

-Teaching and Research.


Occupational Field

-Public bodies at central, regional and municipal government level.

-In companies of the area of mining, agriculture, construction, energy, industry, agribusiness, etc.

-Sanitation companies, landfills and transfer stations, waste management and control.

-Independent Consultant

-Universities


Estimated time of College years

4 - 5 years


Main courses considered in the syllabus

Basic Training Courses

-Mathematics (4 semesters)

-Physics (2 semesters)

-Statistics

*General Chemistry

*Cell Biology

Professional Training Courses

*Organic Chemistry

-Ecology

*Biochemistry

-Chemistry Laboratory

*Instrumental Analytical Chemistry

*Physical Chemistry

*Thermodynamics

-Environmental Microbiology

*Fluid Mechanics

*Environmental Chemistry

*Unit Operations

-Environmental Impact Assessment and Legislation

*Environmental Economics

*Industrial Pollution Prevention

Pollution Control System

*Bioremediation and *Toxicology

-*Environmental Management System

-Project Preparation and *Evaluation

*Sustainable Development

-Air Pollution

-Solid Waste

-Design of Equipment Elements

-Clean Technology and Renewable Resources

*Water Treatment

*Soil Remediation

Complementary Training Courses

*Economics

*Cost Accounting

Specialties

*Sewage Treatment

Environmental Engineering in Natural Environment

*Spatial Planning

Among others


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career 


Interests

-Strong motivation for the preservation of the environment

-Attraction to natural science

-Special interest and curiosity for Inorganic and Organic Chemistry

-Interest in the application of technology

-Appreciation for Science

-Productive Interest

-Motivation to Organize


Skills

-Analysis Capacity


-Skills in Mathematics and Chemistry, fundamentally

-Spatial imagination. Operation display (this will allow you to foresee difficulties or diagnose problems).

-Ability in the systematic analysis of facts and logical resolution of problems

-Persuasion ability


Vocation 

His service is expressed through fostering human development in accordance with its natural environment, for the benefit of the population and natural life.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

-Practicality

-Purposeful

-Aimed at action and management

-Adaptability to work in a group

-Good human relations


Work Scope

-Industrial, Managerial and Laboratory Work.


Related Careers

-Chemical Engineering

-Renewable Resources Engineering

-Ecology

-Environmental Science and Engineering


*Glossary of Terms

*Audit: Critical examination that is done to a system to verify if it complies with the standards established.

*Wastewater: Wastewater is water already used by industrial, agricultural or domestic use activities.

*Cell Biology: Study of the cell’s life.

*Biochemistry: It studies the chemical composition of living beings and the main processes that take place in them but at molecular level, that is, their chemical transformations, for instance, the way in which food and other matter is used in the body.

*Bioremediation: This consists in finding microorganisms capable of converting pollutants into less aggressive matter for the environment.

Such as bacteria capable of digesting oil that has been deposited on a beach; convert sulfur that comes out from chimneys into manipulable solid materials, or make catalytic converters less dangerous.

*Certifications: Certification: Act to verify if a product, service or process complies with the stipulated norms, through a technical examination, which is normally conducted by an independent and accredited person or organization.

*Cost Accounting: Record of the costs of organizations, identifying the existing types of costs within a company whether coming from the production, by damaged material, etc, applying different systems for its calculation and making it useful in decision making.

*Sustainable Development:  Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

*Judgments: Judgment: Give an opinion about something.

*Eco-efficient: Feature of a system that complies with clean production and sustainable consumption.

*Economics: Science of which subject of study is the social organization of the economic activity.

*Environmental Economics: Relative to natural resources valued in economic terms from where the requirement to reinvest the profits obtained from this natural capital to maintain it over time is born.

*Project Evaluation: Concepts and methods useful in decision making associated with the economic aspects of a project. -Analysis of alternatives. -Depreciation (decrease in the value or price of the equipment). -Taxes. -Financing. -Withdrawal and replacement of equipment.

*Physical Chemistry: It is the branch of chemistry that studies the molecular interaction in matter due to physical effects, such as changes in temperature, pressure, volume, heat and work; As well as the study of optical, electrical, magnetic and mechanical features at atomic and molecular level, among others.

*Environmental Management: Procedures that lead to the objective of protecting the environment.

*Waste Management: Errands to be performed to carry out the treatment of waste, so as not to contaminate the environment.

*Fluid Mechanics: To know physical and mechanical properties of fluids, understanding their behavior, to propose and design solutions to problems related to them.

*Unit Operations: They are each of the necessary actions in the process of raw materials, whether they are processes of transformation and / or adaptation of them (chemical and physical processes) as well as those necessary to carry out their transport.

*Spatial Planning: Physical and socio-economic planning of land use options to prevent disasters and reduce risks.

*Industrial Pollution: Air pollution caused by waste emitted into the air by industrial processes.

*Environmental Chemistry: It is the application of chemistry to the study of problems and preservation of the environment, such as atmospheric chemistry, chemical interactions in water bodies and soil.

*Instrumental Analytical Chemistry: It studies the principles and applications of instrumental method of optical and electrochemical analysis, among others.

*General Chemistry: Subject that deepens knowledge acquired in high school: properties of matter, atoms and elements, nomenclature, atomic structure, chemical bond, ionic bond, states of matter, among others.

*Organic Chemistry: Study of the molecules that contain carbon and that are found in living beings.

*Soil Remediation: Relative to giving remedy, that is, elimination of soil contaminants.

*Thermodynamics: Study of the conversions between heat and other forms of energy.

*Toxicology: Study of the effects of toxins or plant, animal or mineral poison.

*Water Treatment: Physical, chemical or biological operations that have the purpose of eliminating or reducing pollution or undesirable characteristics of water.

*Viable: That something is likely to take place.

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