Biological Sciences


Career Objectives

Support research and application of scientific knowledge in medicine, agriculture, livestock and the environment, as well as supporting technological research in the development of new products and processes.


Professional Profile

-Professional who has a comprehensive training in biology and in the handling of the scientific method to address research and applications of this scientific knowledge.

His expertise in general is oriented to the principles and laws which govern the functioning of living beings, their biological organization and diversity.

He studies living organisms and their interactions with other living beings and their environment, considering *morphological, *molecular, *biochemical, ecological aspects, etc.

He possesses competences in:

-Detecting biological problems in botany, zoology, microbiology, bacteriology, *cytology, genetics and ecology, raise them correctly and address them according to the scientific method.

-Analyzing and interpreting experimental results.

-Refining and developing concepts, theories and methods.

-He can continue studying for Master’s and Doctor’s degrees and allows opting to the Degree in Secondary School leading to the title of Secondary School Teacher.


 Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession 

-He formulates and develops scientific research projects in all the fields of applied and/or experimental biology, such as:

•He investigates the genetic, *physiological structure and other fundamental aspects of all forms of life in laboratories and in natural conditions.

•He performs field and laboratory experiments in relation to all the forms of life, identifying and classifying specimens of organic beings (humans, animals or plants) and studying their origin, development, chemical and physical constitution, structure, composition and vital and reproductive processes.

•He conducts relevant experiments about the structure, development and characteristics of microbes such as bacteria and viruses.

•He studies and conducts appropriate experiments about the factors which condition the origin, development and transmission of hereditary traits in human beings, animals or plants.

•He studies the relations between animal and plant life and the relevant environmental factors.

•He studies all forms of plant life and devises practical implementations of this knowledge for agriculture, silviculture and medicine.

•He studies all forms of animal life and devises practical implementations of this knowledge in animal husbandry and medicine.

-He advises on renewable and non-renewable living resources, for example:

•He guides the production and utilization of water resources of seas, rivers and lakes and identifies transmitters of *pathogens.

•He takes part in the assessment, preservation, improvement, biological control and rational utilization of the renewable natural resources.

•He experiments in the genetic field the selective improvement and adaptation of animal, plant and microbial specimens.

•He advises and contributes to the design of strategies and appropriate programs of preservation and use of renewable natural resources.

•He performs replacements of flora and fauna of a geographic area, looking for the ecological balance and establishing standards for the protection of native species.

-  He organizes laboratories and conducts experimental work.

- He performs *skills, *certifications, *valuations, *judgments and technical *inventories that involve his specialty.

- He takes part in multidisciplinary projects providing professional advice to specialists from related disciplines.

- He performs research and refines or develops concepts, theories and methods in his respective fields of expertise.

- He prepares papers and reports of academic or scientific nature.


Occupational Field

-Academic activity in Universities and Higher Education entities.

-Quality control laboratories of Milling and Dairy Industries, Agribusiness, Aquaculture plants, Industries that have to do with organic production of food (ostriches, chickens, different plants, etc).

-Research Laboratories from private or public entities.

-Study centers and Public Bodies of Environmental Pollution.

-Free practice of the profession in contexts of impact assessment of fauna and microflora which are indicators of the environmental quality.

-The exercise of the technical management of Botanical Gardens or Zoos, National, Provincial and Municipal Parks and Natural Reserves, Natural Sciences Museums, Provincial and National Directorate of Fauna and Flora, Ecology and Fisheries, and bodies related to conservation activities.

Once graduated, you can obtain the title of professor of Biology and Natural Sciences.


Estimated time of College years

5 years

Main courses considered in the curriculum

Basic Training Courses

Mathematics (4 semesters)

Physics (2 semesters)

General Chemistry (2 semesters)

Introduction to Natural Sciences

Professional Training Courses

Cellular Biology

Invertebrate Biology

Organic Chemistry (2 semesters)

Plant Biology

*Biostatistics

*Physical Chemistry (2 semesters)

Vertebrate Biology

Biochemistry

*Plant Physiology

Genetics

Microbiology

General Physiology

Evolution

Ecology

Systems Physiology

Bacteriology

*Parasitology

*Entomology

Terrestrial Ecosystems

Aquatic Ecosystems

Complementary Training Courses

History and Philosophy of Science

Specialties

Postgraduate Level: Master's and Doctorate degree with Mention in Botany, Ecology, Genetics,*Limnology, Microbiology, Water Resources, Zoology, among others.


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career


Interests

-Appreciation for Sciences

-Scientific Spirit

-Inclination and motivation for understanding and investigating the biological natural world

-Curiosity for the structure of living organisms

-Curiosity and perception of the causes, effects and biological behavior of the natural world.

-Influence and interdependence among humans, animals and plants.

-Interest in knowing the classification of species.

-Interest in laboratory research work.


Skills

-Comprehension capacity in the scientific-biological area and organic chemistry.

-Ability to perceive and give meaning to the observed objects.

-Analytical

-Synthesis capacity

-Concentration ability

-Manual dexterity


Vocation

Expand the frontiers of knowledge. Go in search of unveiling the mystery of Nature and biological matter.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

Adaptation to work in groups

Methodical

Rigorous


Work Scope

Provision for both field work and laboratory environments


Related Careers

Marine Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry, Veterinary.


*Glossary of Terms

*Pathogens: microorganisms which have the property of producing diseases in human beings, animals or plants.

*Biostatistics: Application of Statistics to biology and more frequently to medicine.

*Biochemical: Relative to the chemistry of biological processes.

*Certifications: Documents that affirm or insure something.

*Cytology: Biological science which describes, analyzes and manipulates cells.

*Judgments: Judgment: Give an opinion or give judgment about something.

*Entomology: Study of insects and their classification.

*Physiology: Science which studies the biological functions of livings beings and their parts.

*Physical Chemistry: Physical study at the molecular level, such as changes in temperature, pressure, volume, heat and work.

*Inventories: Systems that has the control of the stocks, costs, and inputs and outputs of the company's articles.

*Limnology: Limnology is the branch of ecology which studies the continental aquatic ecosystems (lakes, lagoons, rivers, ponds, marshes and estuaries), the interactions between the aquatic organisms and their environment, which determine their distribution and abundance in them.

*Molecular: Molecule: Grouping of atoms that constitute the smaller portion of a substance.

*Parasitology: Parasitology is the branch of knowledge which studies parasites and the effects these produce.


*Skills: Legal authorization given by a person skilled in the art.

*Valuations: Value: Evaluate or price something.

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