Physical Sciences

Career Objectives

To carry out scientific and applied research supporting the scientific, technological and academic development of society.

Professional Profile

Professional capable of taking the development of research in physics and its applications forward, making up multidisciplinary groups where he investigates, devises and refines the application of this scientific knowledge in industrial activities, medicine, in the military field, etc, to find solutions to scientific and technological problems.

With a Bachelor’s degree in Physics he will be able to opt for:

Master's degree in Physics (2 years) and Doctorate in Physics (5 years)

Specific careers of the field such as Astronomy, *Geophysics, *Materials Science, Optics and Laser, *Physical Chemistry and *Biophysics.

-Master and Doctoral programs in Engineering such as: Metallurgy, Electronics and Microelectronics, Renewable energy, Environmental Physics, Medical Physics, Computing and Communications.

-Education Programs.

-Or entering the job world.

Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

He or she investigates, studies and experiments on quantum mechanics phenomena, classic physics phenomena and magnitude systems concerning the universe.

He develops his own ideas, judgments, theories and methods for this discipline.

He performs experiments and put them to the test (trials).

He analyzes those experiments, that is, he decomposes the phenomenon into the principles that constitute it.

These experiments encompass Nuclear physics, mechanics, electronics, astronomy, thermodynamics, optics, acoustics, electricity and magnetism.

Also, with regard to the structure and properties of solid matter and its behavior when subjected to different conditions such as temperature, pressure, fatigue, etc.

He creates original knowledge linked to the properties of matter, movement and energy.

He evaluates the results of the experiments and draw conclusions expressed in mathematical models, that is, formulas and mathematical expressions that respond in the same way that the behavior of the phenomenon studied.

He investigates, devises and refines the application of this scientific knowledge in industrial activities, medicine, in the military field, etc.

He performs studies of the feasibility of projects, control and the improvement of quality.

He performs teaching in different Technology and Science departments in Universities.

Occupational Field

-Universities and Higher Education Institutions

-Research Institutes

-Astronomical Observatories

-Center for Materials Research, for the development of new techniques, processes and testing of these.

-Companies of the electricity industry, machine construction, precision instruments and techniques and data processing.

-Companies of the raw materials industry.

-Companies of the automotive industry and other branches.

-Advice to certain institutions in the field of Physics.

Estimated time of College years:

4 to 5 years

Main courses considered in the syllabus.

Basic Training Courses

*Analytic Geometry

*Linear Algebra

*Differential Equations

*Calculus (3 semesters)


Professional Training Courses

Classical Mechanics (2 semesters)

*Statistical Mechanics

*Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory

*Electromagnetic Theory

*Waves and Optics

Digital Electronics

Foundations of *Computer Science

Introduction to Programming


*Materials Science

Mathematical Methods for Physics (2 semesters)

*Contemporary Physics

*Quantum Physics (2 semesters)

Advanced Experimental Physics


*Research Methodology


The areas of expertise are:

Physics Teaching, *Metrology, *Quantum Physics, Electronics and *Materials Science.

Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career 


-Appreciation for Sciences

-Motivation by the daily observation of reality (natural or technological) in which the laws of physics are expressed or applied. Interest in understanding them or find them an explanation.

-Curiosity for the research of physical phenomena and their experimentation.

-Motivation for the theoretical work involved in the stimulating and satisfactory intellectual experience of learning and studying.

-Interest in schematizing and quantifying phenomena.

-Motivation for the application of the knowledge of physics to specific situations.

-Mindful of technological advances and curiosity about the scientific basis on which it is based.

-Stimulated by sharing and disseminating knowledge.


-Analytical capacity, abstraction, synthesis capacity and logical reasoning.

-High mathematical ability.

-Spatial Location.

-Ease of positioning and interpreting the statement of a physics problem.


-Interest in knowing the natural laws that govern us in order to expand the horizons of knowledge.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.

Candidate Personality

Methodical and rigorous at work




Work Scope

Individual and team work, in an orderly environment, with little bustle and low physical movement.

Related Careers

*Geophysics, Astronomy, Engineering Physics, *Materials Science, *Radiology.

*Glossary of Terms

*Abstraction: Isolate mentally or considering the attribute of an object separately. Also, considering an object in its essence.

Linear Algebra: Part of mathematics corresponding to the in-depth study of vectors, their operations and where they are used.

*Biophysics: It studies biology with the principles and methods of physics, for example, physics of hearing, of vision, or biomechanics (study of the behavior of the structures of human body and the various conditions of mechanical stress to which it is submitted).

*Calculus, *Different Equations:

Unit of mathematics that is in charge of the dynamic factors of reality, dealing with concepts of derivatives or antiderivatives (or integrals) and their operations, where the derivative of a function delivers the notion of how fast a function increases (or decreases) in a given point.

*Computer Science: Study of the theoretical bases of information and computing and their application in computer systems.

*Materials Science: Study of the relationship between the anatomic and molecular structure of a material with its macroscopic physical properties.

*Electricity and Magnetism: Subject that studies charges and electric fields.

-Conductor systems. -Charges in motion. Magnetic field, among other related topics.

*Statistics (Course): Study of the collection, presentation, processing and analysis of data, in order to summarize and describe the characteristics of a data set.

*Quantum Physics: Branch of physics that explains the behavior of matter at the anatomic scale and the forces that govern it.

*Contemporary Physics: Study of the fundamental structure of matter. -Laser, Plasma (the fourth state of matter and the most abundant of the Universe).

-Astronomy and Astrophysics (Evolution of stars, black holes, galaxies, galaxy groups, dark matter, Bing Bang (Theory that explains the origin and evolution of the Universe), among other subjects.

*Physical Chemistry: It is the branch of chemistry that studies the molecular interactions in matter due to physical effects, such as temperature changes, pressure, volume, heat and work. -As also the study of the optical, electrical, magnetic and mechanic properties at anatomic and molecular level, among others.

*Geophysics: Study of the physical structure and properties of the Earth, applying physical methods to such studies.

*Analytic Geometry: It is the one that approaches geometric problems through graphics with the use of coordinates. This allows them to be transformed into algebraic problems.

*Statistical Mechanics: Statistics applied to Physics at a microscopic level.

*Research Methodology: Methods to recognize the phases and importance of the scientific method and apply it to problem solving.

*Metrology: It is the science and technique that aims at the determination of physical magnitudes.

*Waves and Optics: Course that studies the behavior of light as a wave and its phenomena.

*Radiology: Part of medicine which studies the applications and effects of radiations such as X-rays in the diagnosis and disease treatment.

*Logical Reasoning: Nonverbal reasoning, but the one that is captured through the observation of reality.

In this type of reasoning, there is the tendency to use patterns (sequences), classifications, drawings or schemes in the study of the functioning, behavior and understanding of something.

*Synthesis: Mental operation that consists on reducing an accumulation of diverse data in one that represents them as a whole. -Summary.

*Electromagnetic Theory: *Electromagnetism: Branch of Physics that studies the electrical and magnetic phenomena and the relationship between them.

*Thermodynamics: Force and movement generated by calorific phenomena.