´╗┐Forensic Science


Career Objectives

Professional career devoted to *criminalistic investigations in order to make justice faster, more transparent and efficient.


Professional Profile

Professional who takes part in, manages, directs, oversees and controls a multidisciplinary team that carries out a *criminalistic investigation, for this it has a wide range of methodological and technical knowledge in the use of resources to investigate a crime and the accused (prosecuted), based on the analysis of evidence with scientific approach, and in support of the current judiciary.

He has scientific training that allows him evaluating a criminal incident, the precautionary requirements of the population and elaborating projects and studies in order to evaluate criminality and social reinsertion of convicts.

This discipline is based on that all type of human action or intervention in an object or other person leaves traces. And these traces can be found and identified.

Tasks carried out in the Profession

The scientific techniques applied to police investigation have changed because as the laws are establishing new demands, the Police have to meet those demands; going to a much more reliable demonstration of the fact.

That forces to make a demonstration; it cannot be that a policeman arrives saying what he thinks or giving his opinion of what he has seen; He must prove what he has seen, and he must do it technically, with an expert report, with some analyses, with something that factually can serve as evidence before a court.

These analysis techniques are only carried out by legal injunction and this is the professional called to carry them out.

To do this, the research process is conducted as follows:

-He performs the protection of the crime scene.

-He overhauls and observes the site of the incident and assesses the situation.

-He defines the crime scene.

-He perform *evidence gathering.

-He delivers the *evidence to the laboratory, establishing the specialists he needs for their analysis, for instances, if there are projectiles, call the specialist in *Ballistics, in this case a ballistic expert, if there is blood, call the chemical expert, etc.

Between the different types of analysis to be performed, there is one that is to find out if bullets have been shot by a particular gun, if the signature in a check is false, alterations or falsifications of bills of exchange, receipts, bank checks, passports, identity cards, testaments, driving licenses, lottery tickets, handwritten or typewritten letters, casino tokens or tickets for football matches, banknote (notes), etc.

The results of analyzes are reported and the evidence collected is evaluated.

He takes part in the clarification of the criminal facts interpreting and relating the evidences.

He participates in interdisciplinary teams for the development of projects and criminal offences prevention programs.

He participates in the selection and training of personnel in correctional institutions, detecting conflictive features, tendencies, antisocial or negative behavior.

He conducts research about the possible causes which induce to commit crimes and proposes strategies or specific measures thereon.

He designs and implements programs aimed at the rehabilitation of prison inmates.


Occupational Field

-Civil, Instructional and Labor Courts.

-General Directorate of Customs, Provincial, National and Municipal

-Insurance companies

-Securities companies

-Security forces

-Legal Studies

-Private and state-owned companies

-Law Offices providing advice needed by natural persons.

-University lecturer in those disciplines of Criminalistics.

-Free practice of the profession as a Forensic Expert, being able to be hired case by case, or by consulting.


Estimated time of College years

Around 5 years

Main courses considered in the curriculum

Basic Training Courses

Introduction to Accounting

Financial and Accounting Analysis

Statistics

General Psychology

Sociology

Introduction to Law

Professional Training Courses

*Criminal Procedure Law

*Criminal Law

Public Security

Special Legislation

Methodology and Research Techniques

Computer Analysis

Forensic Interviewing

*Ballistics

*Documentation and Graphology

Drawing and Planimetrics

*Dermatoglyphics

Forensic Medicine

Tratamiento de Evidencias

Criminal Psychology

Victimology

*Criminalistics

*Criminology

Biochemical Analysis

Specialties

* Dermatoglyphics, * Ballistics, *Documentation, *Accidentology


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career


Interests

Sense of service

Social sensitivity

Sensitivity to Human rights

Motivation for management

Strong interest in the achievement of justice


Skills

-Analysis capacity, understood as the ability to distinguish, decompose, systematize and organize various aspects of a situation or fact.

-Ability to tie facts in a logical way

-Interpretation with a great deal of imagination of situations.

-Intuition of the natural right of people.

-Ability to handle records, sheets, documentation and texts in order and method.


Vocation

-Sensitivity for the respect of fundamental rights of people.

- Desires to go in defense of the rights of those whose rights have been violated.

-Help to build a fairer and more balanced society.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

Methodical, punctilious, patient, organized.

-Active and with the character needed to witness scenes resulting from criminal acts.


Work Scope

-Urban. His work is in a management environment, working with documents and information handling in courts, notaries, chemistry labs and in contact with places and victims of criminal acts.


Related Careers

Expert Witness, Laws, Legal Medicine, Forensic Anthropology, Forensic Odontology, Forensic Chemistry, Law Clerk, Policemen, BA in Criminology.


*Glossary of Terms

*Criminal Procedure Law: Standards which regulate any process from its beginning until its end, such as investigating, identifying and sanctioning behaviors which constitute crimes.

*Criminal Law: Norms and provisions that regulate the impositions of penalties by the state to the perpetrators of crimes or faults.

*Ballistics: Calculation of the scope and direction of the projectiles.

*Documentation and Graphology: Handwriting analysis.

*Dermatoglyphics: Identifications of fingerprints, palmar and plantar ridges.

*Criminology: Study of Criminality. -Study of the "why" of crime.

*Criminalistics: Study of "how the crime was committed and" who "committed it.

*Accidentology: Study of the prevention and safety of road events (public thoroughfare) and adaptation of the traffic routes.

*Evidence: Signal that makes known something hidden.

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