Primary Education


Career Objectives

Encourage and lead the child to his intellectual, social and emotional development.


Professional Profile

Professional who leads the learning process of children between the ages of 6 to 14, handling appropriate methodologies in the teaching-learning process; protection of their health with healthy habits, physical development through physical practices, the appreciation and expression of different manifestations of art through artistic and recreational activity, within a framework of healthy coexistence.

For that:

-He knows the learning process of childhood.

-He knows the *pedagogical, *teaching and assessment actions of the educational process.

-He knows the *biopsychosocial and cultural processes of the learner.

-He understands the national policies that guide the educational development of the primary education level.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

-He organizes the educational work.

-He develops tasks for the introduction and development of reading and writing, development of the logical and mathematical thinking and the understanding of the natural, social and cultural environment.

-He designs and implements *teaching *strategies.

-He contrasts theoretical contents with practical experiences.

-He incorporates varied artistic expressions to his pedagogical work.

-He fosters activities that develop skills and interests of the students.

-He handles and uses *ICT in the teaching-learning processes, so he is constantly updated.

-He takes part in programs for the creation of educational materials aimed to different levels of school education.

-He evaluates learning experiences in the classroom.

-He implements *curricular innovations, adapting to continuous changes that occur in the professional field.

-He intervenes in different educational contexts to accomplish a framework of healthy coexistence.

-He plans activities that encourage families to participate with their children.

-He constantly investigates his educational reality.

-He identifies and analyzes different educational phenomena which allow him to understand their complexity.

-He participates in debates about education, basing his opinions on theory and research findings.


Occupational Field

-Schools of the public and private area

-Adult Education Centers

-Community Centers

-Education Ministry

-Municipalities and governmental agencies for the development of educational policies

-Research Centers

-National Service for Minors

-Non-governmental organizations (NGO)

-Private companies related to the educational sphere: printers, publishers.

-Support Centers for education of children at social risk

-Radio, Television or computer projects focused aimed at education in the school stage

-Free exercise of the profession.


Estimated time of College years

4 years


Main courses considered in the syllabus.

Professional Training Courses

*Educational Psychology

*Developmental Psychology

*Neural Basis of Learning

*Psychology of Learning

*General Didactics

*Primary Education Curriculum

*Learning Assessment

*Educational Technology

*Math and its teaching methods (5 semesters)

*Language and Communication and its teaching methods (5 semesters)

*Science and its teaching methods (2 semesters)

*Social science and its teaching methods (2 semesters)

*Technological Education and its teaching methods.

*Artistic expression and its teaching methods (2 semesters)

*Physical Education and its teachings methods (2 semesters)

*Educational Guidance

*Research Methods in Education

*Educational System and Public Policies

*Educational Practicum


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career 


Interests

-Cherish childhood as a crucial stage in the life cycle of human being.

-Sensitivity to children, he feels that children amuse him, they spread joy.

-Positive attitude towards the child and his problems.

-Ludic (taste and enthusiasm for game).

-Respect for the diversity, value and uniqueness of each person.

-Sensitivity to diverse artistic expressions.

-Appreciation to universal values and family.


Skills

-Ease of oral expression and body language.

-Ability to convey ideas and concepts verbally.

-No hearing impairments or other physical defect affecting the professional exercise.

-Communication skills to be understood by children.

-Creative and dynamic.


Vocation


-Vocation for education and the development of children.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

*Empathetic

-Service person

-Emotional balance and self-control

-Prudence and openness (so as not to discriminate between different types of personality presented between them).

-Kindness and sympathy


Work Scope

In Educational Institutions in direct and frequent contact with children.


Related Careers

-Psycho-pedagogy; Early Childhood Education; Child Psychology; Special Education.


*Glossary of Terms

*Neural Basis of Learning (Course): Introduction to human *neuroanatomy.

-Biological and psychological development principally between 5 and 14 years.

-Functions of the nervous system and its relation with learning.

*Biopsychosocial: Relative to the biological, psychic and social aspects and the interaction between them.

*Civic: Social behavior that allows us to live together in society.

*Cognitive: Relative to knowledge.

*Curricular: *Curriculum: Study plan.

*Primary Education Curriculum (Course): Organization and structure of the curricular content.

-*Curriculum Design models

-Study plans of education programs for Primary education.

*Didactics: Ways to transmit knowledge.

*General Didactics (Course): Didactic elements in the teaching-learning process.

-Variables that affect learning.

*Techniques, resources, methods, procedures and teaching strategies.

Teaching Units:

-Set of activities that respond to what to teach (objectives and contents), when to teach (orderly sequence of activities and contents), how to teach (activities, space arrangements and time management, materials and teaching resources) and assessment (criteria and instruments for evaluation), all this with the organization of space and time.

Class Environment:

Establishment of norms, coexistence and discipline to achieve the proposed objectives.

Organization in the Classroom:

Organizational rules of the classroom.

Communication in the Classroom:

-Strategies to facilitate a good presentation and communication methods.

*Science and its teaching methods (Course):

-Biology, physics and chemistry.

-Use of the scientific method with different teaching strategies.

-Understanding of the natural world.

-Teaching methodology of natural science.

*Social Science and its teaching methods (Course):

-The most representative *milestones and phenomena of historical processes.

-The most representative *milestones, processes and phenomena of history and geography of the country.

*Civic Education

-Principles of Economy

-Citizen training and society.

-Methodological and *teaching *strategies of each content the program addresses.

*Physical Education and its teaching methods (Course):

-The human body and its mobility.

-Methodological *strategies for the development of *motor patterns.

*Motor learning according to the different stages of boys and girls of primary school levels.

*Mathematics and its teaching methods (Course):

-Importance of learning mathematics to face the world.

-Numeral Systems.

-Natural numbers, fractions.

-Measurement and geometry.

-Graphic representation and *probability.

*Didactic, methodological and evaluation proposals consistent with math fundamentals and the *psychobiological characteristics of Basic Education students to lead the learning process of each content of the program.

*Technological Education and its teaching methods (Course):

-Adequate management of the incorporation of the computer in the different sectors of learning.

-Educational *Software and computer use methodologies.

-Practical workshop.

*Empathetic: Empathy: Ability to put oneself in someone else’s position and understand his feelings.

*Strategy: Art of projecting and directing. Set of actions that ensure an optimal decision at any time.

*Learning Assessment (Course):

-Learning evaluation: What, how, who, when and why to evaluate.

-Procedures and instruments for learning assessment.

-Assessment models for learning.

-Evaluation and promotion to the next school level.

*Artistic Expression (Course):

Perception and appreciation of the artistic setting, in order to create an aesthetic sense that can be applied to the professional work.

-Concepts and structural elements of visual expression and plastic arts’ methodology.

-Development of the artistic creation using different materials and *techniques.

-Basic knowledge of music in the rhythmic, melodic and instrumental aspects, in order to read and create nursery rhymes, managing to express themselves through a musical instrument.

-Specific methods to introduce music.

-National and Continental Folklore concepts.

-Practical Workshop for artistic expression.

*Literary Genres: Classification of literary works according to different criteria: narrative (novels, legends, tales, fables, diaries, etc), lyric (songs, elegies, odes) and drama (tragedies, comedies and dramas), among others.

*Milestones: Relevant events.

*Language and Communication and its teaching methods (course):

-Theories and methods to teach Reading and writing.

-Methodological tools for the development and assessment of Oral Expression, *Lexicology and Reading Comprehension.

-Methodologies for the teaching and evaluation of spelling.

-Methodological approach of literature in aspects related to *literary genres, *stylistic devices and the structure of literary works.

-Communication methods.

*Lexicology: Study of the meaning and composition of words.

*Research Methods in Education (Course):

-Methods and investigation *techniques in the study of education reality.

-Elemental search methods, writing and communication of the information to generate knowledge.

-Design of a research process and ways of information processing.

-Different research models.

-Implementation of theoretical elements to the design of a research project.

*Motor: System in the human body consisting of muscles, bones, joints and tendons allow movement by working together.

*Neuroanatomy: Study of the body structure corresponding to different parts of the nervous system and the sense organs.

*Educational Guidance (Course):

-Personal and academic development of the student.

-Basic knowledge of student’s health to foster healthy habits and detect health problems.

-Risk factors of accidents and urgent care.

-Prevention of addiction to toxic substances.

-Social adaptation of problems of social environment.

*Techniques to gather information about the needs of the students, as the case of having:

-Emotional difficulties.

-Difficulties in learning habits and skills.

-Difficulties in social relations and behavior.

-Difficulties in the learning process.

*Pedagogical: Pedagogy: It is the study of the formation of the subject in its moral, intellectual and physical aspect.

*Educational Practicum (Course):

-Field work (practice), where the *teaching and methodological strategies will be applied, and the reflection and *systematization of the activities carried out in the field of Basic Education.

*Probabilities: Mathematical study of the possibility that an event occurs.

*Psychobiological: Relative to the psychic and biological aspects and the interaction between them.

*Psychology of Learning (Course):

-Approach about how the human being learns.

-Comprehension of the Teaching and Learning processes.

-Role of the teacher in the Teaching-Learning process.

-Psychological theories and factors that influence in the learning process.

-Types of learning.

-Good apprenticeship characteristics.

-Foundations and principles related to education needs, diversity and curricular adjustments.

*Developmental Psychology (Course):

-Socio-emotional development.

-Psychological phenomena that affect behavior in middle childhood (7 to 11 years and 11 to 14 years).

-Behavior analysis according to *psychobiological and *psychosocial factors.

-Development factors and their pedagogical influence.

*Educational Psychology (Course):

-Psychology and biology in education and development of people.

*Cognitive and affective processes, learning styles, development and personality.

-Psychological principles that *underlie educational practices and learning.

*Psychosocial: Relative to the psychic and social aspects and the relationship between them.

*Stylistic Devices: Ways to use words in a different way than usual, resulting especially expressive.

*Educational System and Public Policies (Course):

-Educational agencies.

-Organizational structure of the Education ministry.

The legal framework of the educational system:

-Education policy, human rights and constitutional rules.

-The right to education and academic freedom.

-Legislation that regulates the operation of school centers.

*Systematization: Systematize: Stick to a system or way to do things, follow a methodology.

*Educational Software: Computer programs intended for teaching or self-learning.

*Underlie: That one thing is hidden under another.

*Techniques: Ways to obtain a particular result.

*Educational Technology (Course):

-Application of technology in education situations.

-Pedagogical characteristics of digital teaching materials.

-Basic theoretical knowledge of audiovisual, computer and *telematic resources and their usage.

-Hands-on learning of basic computer tools for the design and manifestation of contents.

-Design and creation of contents and teaching materials based on *ICT (ICT: Information and Communications Technology).

-Integration of new technology in curricular designs.

*Telematic: Telecommunications system intended to carry data or information.

*ICT: Information and Communications Technology.

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