Train experts in the areas of knowledge, creation and implementation of legal norms (laws).
Those norms must be a rational instrument of ordering the social and economic relations between the State and citizens and the people to each other, in order to achieve values in society such as order, security, justice and freedom.
This professional is specialized in the knowledge of Law, which is constituted by the set of standards that regulates society, while at the same time has an adequate knowledge of the social reality and the institutions of the country.
The standards that regulate society can refer to the relations of the State with the citizens or of people with each other.
Therefore, he is qualified to interpret laws and their correct implementations in specific cases of real life.
The attorney must be like a bridge between the client and the courts, since he knows both laws and the operation of those courts.
It involves proposing alternatives to the person who represents to solve the problem he is facing, and be able to defend him by demanding what the law bestows, emphasizing the individual guarantees of people.
They advise people on family conflicts, problems related to inheritance, labor issues, in commercial and financial relations with their peers and with Public and Private Entities, national and international.
Likewise they can guide in the organization and contracting of different types of businesses, etc.
He studies the logic the laws have as a whole.
He understands how society is structured through one fundamental law called Constitution, and realizes how the administration of the State is managed, through regulations and ordinances.
He is prepared for the creation of laws and standards established. His principles are based in *Natural Law.
It is necessary to legislate in emerging and important legal departments such as indigenous law, consumer rights, etc.
Besides, they address challenges such as legislating in relation to hackers, who are fearsome software pirates capable of overriding complete systems, triggering serious consequences for large companies and agencies.
Although the action is outlawed, there are no legal arguments to qualify it as a crime, due to the low rating of such violations.
These hackers are setting up a new type of crime.
Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession
According to the field of action:
As litigation attorney:
He will be in charge of the management and attention of *litigations among individuals that end up in a judicial process.
He acts in defense and representation of people or institutions before the courts.
He assists (helps) the clients in the negotiation of agreements and arrangements in case of conflict or litigation.
He provides professional advice to his clients on multiple legal issues and takes legal actions in his behalf.
He instructs other lawyers to represent their clients in courts.
He intervenes in behalf of one of the parties as *attorney of record before the courts.
He intervenes in behalf of the State (district attorney) before the courts.
He prepares the pleadings of the *plaintiff or the accused and submits them to the courts.
He examines the circumstances in which conflicts or reported offences occur in order to determine the facts and define their legal consequences.
As business consultant:
As officer in charge of the legal departments of private companies, he writes contracts, documents, sales terms, he develops regulations, represents legally and advises on labor disputes, defends the use of a *brand, provides the *directory of information for the correct decision making.
Companies are incredibly creative units which launch products and services and need advice to measure the legal consequences of their actions.
As advisor of public agencies in the national, provincial or local government:
He will intervene in the legal caution of many aspects and the implementation of standards and regulation.
For instance, as a public officer in legal departments he carries out advisory, legal representation, jurisdictional functions in courts or Public Ministry Agencies, formulation of legislative proposals, rehabilitation centers and penitentiaries.
As member of the judicial career:
He will perform functions in the Judiciary at all levels, *courts and *jurisdiction.
The Law Graduate often acts as a jurist. In this case, his task consists on interpreting the laws, establishing which one is applicable in each case and advising people and companies on the compliance with standards.
He will be able to collaborate in the development of new laws.
He is part of the commissions that analyze, discuss and write the final texts of important laws.
These commissions propose the Senate a text and, in general, the Senate adopts the text of the commissions.
It takes time to pass a law because you must realize that the law is not a single intellectual wording or a single criterion in the face of a problem.
There must be different points of view of enlightened people to look for a text that will satisfy everyone.
You have to listen because people want to participate; there must be time to listen.
That’s why bills take longer, because several sessions are devoted to listen to people affected or interested in a particular subject.
Regardless of where he practices, within his everyday tasks:
He analyzes contracts, legal texts and other documents, prepares reports, argues rationally, organizes economic entities, associations, and negotiates conflicts.
Now, without technology, it is impossible to develop the job of an attorney, because courts, notaries and many public services are connected with them, making the work much faster and more efficient.
In the past, if you wanted to develop a contract, for example a sale and purchase, you needed to get a countless number of papers that could take a long time.
Nowadays, without moving from your desk, papers can be obtained online in a couple of seconds.
The overall field is virtually unlimited; all areas require lawyers/attorneys:
-Companies and institutions
-Free professional exercise
-Public Administration: Ministries, secretaries of the ministry, *treasuries and municipalities.
-The Republic’s Comptroller’s Office (control of government budget)
-Embassy, Consulates and International
Estimated time of College years:
The study plan, whether semiannual or annual and its exact duration, will depend on the institution that imparts it.
Main courses considered in the syllabus
Career with intellectual preparation in general subjects of Law and in-depth knowledge in two or three specific areas (specialties).
Secondary School Subjects projected in the career
-Civics, Social Science and Language.
General Training Courses
Economic Theory Principles
Basic Training Courses
-Philosophical Foundations of Law
-Law, Economics and Market
-Political Institutions of the country
-Trade, Company and Law
-Corporations and Associations
-Money and Financial System
-Theory of the legal act and Theory of law
Professional Training Courses
-Fundamental Rights, Duties and Guarantees
-Banking and Financial Law
-Principles of Criminology
-Bankruptcy and Commercial Trials
-Social Security Law
-Private International Law
The general lawyer deals with a number of regulations and issues brought by his clients and the specialist lawyer who leads his career to a particular branch of Law.
The current trend is towards specialization. Today you cannot be in all fronts, so it is good to work as a team and have experts to support the resolution of complex issues.
Large studies have lawyers specialized in different areas of law, however, before specializing, it is essential to know the law as a whole, which allows developing the legal standard to tackle the most complex cases by finding an optimal solution for them.
The specialty can be achieved through studies or experience.
Some of these specialties are:
Public Law: Legislation that applies to all the people within the country.
Private Law, laws or codes that concern only those who are involved in a particular activity, for instance, water rights legislation, related to the distribution of water for irrigation from a natural source.
Civil Law, set of standards which regulates the relations between natural and juridical persons, in relation to their legal capacity, family, property and contractual status.
Criminal Law, Set of rules and provisions which regulate the imposition of penalties by the State to the perpetrators of crimes and misdemeanors.
Corporate Law, corresponds to all the laws that govern trade.
Labor Law: It has to do with the laws related to work contracts, collective agreements, professional associations, remunerations and negotiations, conflicts and their way to solutions, among others.
Tax Law: It studies taxes, customs legislation etc.
Economic Law, It is the relation of law with other disciplines such as trade, construction, etc.
For instance, construction legislation, in which municipal and other permits are studied.
Or in *judiciary, to perform in the judicial power where he acquires the most fundamental skills of the judicial career, such as: judicial reasoning, writing of judgments, weighting of evidence, judicial ethics.
Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career
-Interest in observing human behavior and help people in the solution of their problems arising from their coexistence.
-Motivation for the negotiation of agreements.
-Motivation for management.
-Interest in relating to people.
-Interest in listening to people regarding their situation.
-Interest in arguing nationally, that is, look for the foundations of an approach.
- Be anxious to find out and critically analyze the facts and imagine reasonable solutions to problems.
-Deep interest in achieving justice.
-Interest in the operation of the institutions of society.
-Permanent concern to know new vocabulary.
-Interest in Reading.
-Interest in learning general culture.
-Analysis ability understood as, the ability to distinguish, decompose, systematize and organize various aspects of a conflict.
- Logical structure of thought
-Interpretation of situations
-Reasoning and speech understanding
-Ability to write and interpret the language
- Ability to grasp the subtleties of language
-Communication abilities, that is to say, being *assertive.
-Argument skills, that is, to find the foundation of what was posed, the reasons that support it (abstraction).
-Intuition of the natural right of people
-Ability to speak and write fluently, with ease and correction of the language
-Negotiation and persuasion abilities
-Ability to handle –with order and method- records, sheets, documentation and texts.
-Facility to establish human relationships.
A person with certain posture, since he will exercise in front of an audience: in the court, in business directories or as a teacher.
-With common sense
-With respect for the social uses and customs
-Strong soul to face discussions, refutations, arguments and research.
-Adaptability to work in a highly structured and regulatory system
-With adaptability and flexibility
-Sensitivity to respect for fundamental human rights.
-The need to give each person what they deserve and try to act with justice.
-It is a passion for the search of fair solutions to the problems of coexistence in society.
-To find the social mechanisms for man to live in peace and freedom.
-Desires to go in defense of the rights of those who have no voice.
-Help to build a fairer and more balanced society.
Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this objective.
-Urban, office work, managerial environment, work with documents and information handling.
Legal Assistant or *Court Agent (lawyer’s assistant)
*Glossary of Terms
Jurisdiction: Area in which the judge exercises his authority.
Judiciary: Body constituted by the judges of a country.
Magistrate: Member of the judiciary/bench.
Jurisprudence: Science of law.
Court Agent: Someone who, by court order, makes, at the request of one of the parties, all necessary steps (The one who executes something on behalf of another).
District attorney: Lawyer representing the plaintiff or accuser.
Litigation: lawsuit, dispute and resolution.
Attorney of Record: Defense lawyer.
Brand: Trademark given to an item or service which distinguishes it from the rest to denote quality or ownership.
Example: registered brand, the one that is legally recognized for its exclusive use.
Plaintiff: The one who makes the complaint before the court.
Directory: Board of directors of certain associations, parties, etc., whose purpose is to direct them.
Assertive: Person who manages to express what he really wants and in a good way.
Natural Law: It is made up of those standards that existed before the laws were written and which are proper to human nature.
Treasury: Office of the personnel responsible for guarding and distributing the wealth of the nation.GO BACK