´╗┐Political Science


Career Objectives

To achieve public policies that respond to the needs of the population and achieving citizen participation.


Professional Profile

-A Professional who deals with studying the activities of the State and its institutions. These activities are diverse and each one of them is of paramount importance for the welfare of citizens.

He has the capacity to analyze and evaluate political processes, both at national and international level; He has an extensive training in political thought, international relations, systems and institutions, contemporary history and the Ibero-American political and social reality.

He uses quantitative methods and investigation techniques, intended to generate and manage public policies.

He has skills in the processes of design and development of political negotiations.

He advises and carries out projects related to decision making, analysis and their implementation, at the national and international level, both in the public and private spheres.

He seeks to satisfy the citizens who expect the government to satisfy their need of live with a certain amount of security.

For this reason he must be able to identify the characteristics of the demand of citizens accurately.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

In order to meet the demand of citizens:

-He proposes the service which responds to this demand.

-He calculates its cost.

-He organizes its functioning.

-He monitors the fulfillment of objectives and evaluates what has been done to propose modifications.

-The expert in political science is who must make sure that the concrete operation of a State institution allows the best possible fulfillment of the objectives pursued and that are provided for by law.

For that:

-He analyzes those interferences that appear in the real life of institutions, whether in form of bureaucratic struggles or lobbying.

-He proposes solutions and ensures these are effectively implemented.

Example: Throughout the years, institutions have been set, such as the Central Bank, intended to meet objectives of which possibly the most relevant is monetary stability.

Modern life introduces greater complexities that generate new responsibilities and rights.

New laws are necessary and they are expected to be precise to minimize disputes and, if there are doubts, there are legal mechanisms to resolve them in the most efficient way.

The expert in political science is who must assess the demand for legislation and justice and he is who can estimate the extent to which the institutions created meet the needs that gave rise to them.

A State with claims of meeting the conflicting needs of the different groups that compose the population efficiently cannot, today, dispense with the participation of experts in political science in each of his decisions.

The advisability of suitable advice is not only valid at the level of general government institutions, but also at the levels of provincial and municipal public life.

Political science also addresses everything related to political marketing, which need is important for those who participate in electoral contests.

For instance, one factor to be considered by political scientists at present is the feminist groups that are steadily advancing in the questioning of a hierarchical political world, arguing that it only reflects the perspectives and interests of men.

They investigate events and activities of the past, including the evolution of institutions, movements and social, economic and political behaviors, and disseminate the knowledge gained to serve as a basis for the adoption of criteria and guidelines for politicians, diplomats and others.

They observe and study contemporary political institutions and gather information about them from a variety of sources, including interviews with government officials, members of political parties and other personalities.

They present the results and conclusions of their studies in the most appropriate way for publication or use by government officials, members of political parties or from other agencies and other interested people.


Occupational Field

The work sphere of the political scientist is broad, flexible and in permanent growth.

To the traditional task of research and teaching in Universities and Research Centers, it is common to find them working at:

-Public Institutions (different levels of the State administration).

-Private Institutions (Headships of services at different levels entering creatively in the field of public management of private interests).

-Consulting Firms

-Government Agencies (policy advice)

-Municipalities (with a key role in municipal management).

-Cultural Institutions

-Advice to national and international companies of the most varied categories (Marketing counseling, political communication, political counseling)

-Written press (in political journalism)

-Study Centers

-Diplomacy Area

-International relations (public and private international organizations)

-Political Parties (design and development of political negotiations)

-Ministerial and Parliamentary Cabinets.


Estimated time of College years

5 to 6 years

The study schedule, whether semiannual or annual and the exact duration of this, will depend on the institution that imparts it.


Main courses considered in the syllabus

Secondary Education Subjects projected in the career

-Social Science, History and Geography.

Basic Training Courses

-Mathematics (2 levels), Statistics, various levels of English, Computer Science.

Introductory science to the specialty

-General Accounting, Economics, General Administration, Law.

Specialty Courses

Classical and Modern Political Philosophy,

Comparative Politics, Elements of Political Science and Deepen Political Science, Research Methodology in Political Science, *Qualitative and Quantitative Methods, Latin American Politics, Collective Actions and Social Movements,

International Political System, Economics and Politics of International Relations, Economic Institutions, Public Policies, Political Communication, Political Psychology, Electoral Behavior, Negotiation and Leadership, Ethics.


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career 


Interests

-Humanistic (everything related to the human being).

-Interest in what is happening in the country and the world and how events are chained.

-Interest in the knowledge of the fundamentals of political and social processes in general.

-Interest in knowing what generates social problems.

-Interest in knowing the reasons why certain sectors of the population fight for.

-Interest in the operation of the institutions of the country.

-Interest in the implementation of government plans.

-Motivation for planning.


Skills

-*Analysis and *Synthesis capacity and study of texts and documents.

-Ability in problem identification and imagination to devise possible solutions.

-Numerical Skill


Vocation

To look for the way to give representation in society to the new social phenomena that begin to conform in it and that their demands are met.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented within this global vocation.


Candidate Personality

Urban.

Management (Figure out, obtain, pose, carry out procedures, etc).

Taste for developing projects, undertaking new things confronted with strategy.

Taste for planning a work meticulously, taking care of details, coordinating all its parts and doing things well.

Entrepreneurial

Convincing and Social


Work Scope

Urban, Office, management environment,

Work with documents and information handling.


Related Careers

Public Administration, Sociology, Law, Economics.


*Glossary of Terms

*Qualitative Methods: Procedures and analysis strategies of the characteristics of reality.

*Qualitative Methods: Procedures to express typical features of reality through numbers.

*Synthesis: Mental operation which consists on the accumulation of diverse data to represent them under a single idea. -Summary.

*Analyze: A method of understanding that starts by focusing the whole to end up decomposing it into its basic parts, and then to see the relationship between those parts.

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