Everything about Careers

        Qualifications and Degrees



The Bachelor’s degree corresponds to an academic level or degree that guarantees having the fundamental knowledge in a discipline and in the disciplines on which it is based or founded.

For example: the Bachelor’s degree in Physics has both knowledge in Physics as well as mathematical knowledge on which it is based.

A Bachelor’s degree as a career lasts 4 years.

But all the careers of 4 years or more studying grants the Bachelor’s degree in the specialty at the end of the fourth year of study.

For instance:

Business Administration is a 4-year career or more.

The Bachelor’s degree in Business Administration is given when the fourth year is finished.

This is because he has knowledge both in Business Administration and in mathematical knowledge on which it is based.
Mechanical Engineering gives the Bachelor’s degree in Engineering Sciences or Bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering, because it provides the level of knowledge both necessary in Mechanics as well as in the disciplines that support it, such as Mathematics and Physics mainly.

Graduate Studies

It corresponds to Master’s Studies (also called master’s degree or master) and Doctorates.

Every Bachelor’s degree allows students to continue their Master’s or Doctoral studies in the discipline or specialty.

Both the Bachelor’s degrees and Master’s or Doctoral degrees are oriented to the investigation of the discipline itself (in Science careers it is called *Pure Research) or the investigation of the application of the discipline (*Applied Research) and/or Teaching in Higher Education, especially university.

Master’s studies last from 2 to 3 years. (However there are many short courses that claim to be masters and are not such) Doctoral studies last from 3 to 4 years.


Engineering studies are focused on the application of a discipline.

They last 5 years or more. These give the Engineering professional degree in the specialty (electronics, mechanics, chemistry, etc).

For instance, technological engineering gives the Bachelor’s degree in Engineering Sciences or Bachelor’s degree in the specialty when pursuing the fourth year of the career. (In any case, there are exceptions, so it’s important to make sure if the educational institution gives the bachelor’s degree for a certain career).

Having a Bachelor’s degree allows the student to pursue Master’s and Doctorate studies in the specialty, oriented to *Applied Research; as well as teaching in higher education, especially university.

Technical Qualifications (also called Diploma Courses)

Technical careers have the practical and theoretical knowledge in a discipline to perform specific functions or tasks in it.

They last 3 years of study.

They don’t have the necessary requirements in the discipline and in those that sustain it as required by the Bachelor’s degree.

If you want to continue to study engineering or a master’s or doctorate, you must first obtain the Bachelor’s degree.

Postgraduate Degrees

Postgraduate degrees are done after the Professional degree or Technical qualification. Among the postgraduate degrees, there are Diploma courses and Specializations that last less than 3 years.


They are careers that give the Bachelor’s Degree in Education and the Professional Title of Teacher in some of their specialties.

There is also the Bachelor’s degree in Pedagogy (or Bachelor’s degree in Learning Sciences), devoted to *educational research and its application. (*didactics).

Both last 5 years.

Glossary of Terms

*Pedagogy: Discipline oriented to the development of physical, intellectual and moral faculties of people during their training process.

*Didactics: Set of techniques and practical methods that facilitate learning in order to acquire knowledge through the understanding of that knowledge.

*Applied Research: Research of new applications of the discipline or the solution of problems that arise in special circumstances and with specific characteristics.

*Pure Research (also called basic or fundamental research): It is the research of new knowledge in science that can constitute the development of a theory or the finding of new scientific discoveries.


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